History 102 Week 7 Notes
History 102 Week 7 Notes HIST 102 011
Popular in Western Civ: 1648 - Present
Popular in History
This 8 page Class Notes was uploaded by Abby Blaine on Thursday October 22, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to HIST 102 011 at University of Delaware taught by David Shearer in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 11 views. For similar materials see Western Civ: 1648 - Present in History at University of Delaware.
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Date Created: 10/22/15
0 19th of Brumaire O O 0 end of the French revolution creation of a consulate Beginning of Napoleon s dictatorship 17991815 0 Napoleon in France 0 O O 0 Neither a reactionary nor a Jacobin Primary goal reestablish social order and end civil strife Avoid extremes Promote individuals in government who achieved results regardless of background Personi cation of the revolution social equality Despised absolutism and social estates and status because of genes Willing to suspend rights and liberties to protect his rule Power based on popularity and military success Most citizens in the middle could nd ways to reconcile his values Extremes don t agree with him Middle l napoleon greatness of france Policies in conjunction with discussions w major political groups What do you want how can I help you get htat Civil code of 1804 Reassured middle classes of economic goals Equality of all citizens in the law Protection of private property Low interest loans money for the state Guaranteed the current state of land occupation n Strengthened ties to wealthy middle class and farmers a All land seized and sold during the revolution stays with current owner Assured the economic gains and security of French middle class 0 Catholic Church Strong church social order and stablility Concordat 1801 a Church can run its own affairs I Take over and operate the primary education system 0 Education up to 4th or 5th grade Enormous amount of in uence a Freedom to all religions n Gov t in charge of bishops n Restored churchstate relationship in favor of the state 0 Priests civil servants o Responsible to the gov t Bind religious consciousness to the emperor 0 Napoleon crowns himself emperor 1804 First republic ended Reforms that destroyed political liberalism No more national assembly a Nap Created his own inner cabinet counsel of state a Creating policies through france Legistlative and executive branches n Returned france to authoritarian regime Departements of France 1812 n 400 total a run by governors prefects approved by counsel of ministers a local elections eliminated reorganized education a wanted all French citizens to be educated a wanted people to work in civil service loyal literate people a Lycee system 0 After primary education 0 Vocational schools or lycee system 0 Intention of going to university track 1 0 Increased education track 2 Creation of a police state a Placed police ministry under his control n Joseph Fouch Napoleons chief police officer a Eliminate dissent and organized opposition a Media restrictions a Network of spies and informants Surveillance state 0 Report on public and suspected opposition Keep an eye on public opinion 0 Granite masses CivilLegal structures 1804 Church concordat 1801 Educated public lyceeeducation Strong government centralized ministerial statedepartementsprefects Police 0 Compromise 0 Systems stayed intact until the 20th century 0 Napoleon in Europe 0 Secured position in France by winning wars through Europe O CO 1806 nap controlled most of western Europe only 2 threats Russia and Britain British victory in 1805 battle of Trafalgar Allowed Britain to maintain control over the seas Eliminated threat of naval invasion on Britain Installed relatives as kings of Holland and Spain Consolidated Italian states Conquered Austria and Prussia Didn t change monarchs but cut down on their power Nap Married King of Austria s daughter for poHUcalreasons Abolished the quotHoly Roman Empirequot Consolidated the German principalities Confederation of the Rhine Making a major political and territorial entity to offset power of Prussia Administration easier for France Process of statenation building 400 l 40 Napoleon s Grand Empire 1810 Expanded france Satellite kingdoms deposed rulers and added his own Nominally independent states Austria and Prussia n Formally aligned to the French I Own kings but subordinate Continental System a Uni ed trade commercial and currency system within all the French territories n Isolate Britain 0 No one has trade ties with Britain a Wanted to make a channel under the british channel to invade a No trade tariffs or restrictions across country lines 0 Bring all of the revolutionary notions to Europe Especially in the German areas Freed serf peasants in everywhere except Russia Liberalized economies eliminated feudal and mercantilist laws Introduce Napoleonic legal and civil codes I Became and remained the basis of European civil law until the 20th century Bring the French education lysee and university system to occupied areas 0 Many groups supported progressive change Not so much French but liked the changes Middle class especially Germany Alexander Von Humboldt n Created the German Gymnasium system a In uenced by French schooling system 00 Increasing resistance to the French as Napoleon kept pushing his military campaigns Spanish uprisings 8th of May 1808 Easy for British to send troops cause Spain is on the sea Napoleon s constant wars since 18111812 were starting to piss off French people Battle of Borodino in Russia 1812 Russians didn t put up any resistance Napoleon occupied Moscow Russians kept moving east and when they wanted swung back around and attacked from the West Lol French got fucked After this everyone got happy and decided to fuck up the French French went back to paris with its tail between his legs Napoleon abdicates his throne in March of 1814 Allied armies occupied Paris Napoleon was exiled to the island of Elba Escaped March of 1815 showed back up in France Started to rekindle the revolution for 100 days Easily made his way back into Paris By June he had gotten his shit back together and went back on the move Louis XVI 18 on the throne brother of Louis the 16th Not very good at his job Battle of Waterloo June 1815 British army completely fucked Napoleon s army Duke of Wellington British commander British Squares annihilated French cavalry n Squares are hella effective cause they break up the cavalry This time he got exiled to St Helena British control 18151821 Restored Louis 18 to the throne Not an absolute monarch Constitutional monarchy a Charter from Napoleon Everything from Napoleon s reforms stayed under monarch Overall his reforms stayed in place throughout Europe
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