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Abnormal Psychology

by: Dr. Ephraim Wisoky

Abnormal Psychology PSY 4305

Marketplace > Texas Tech University > Psychlogy > PSY 4305 > Abnormal Psychology
Dr. Ephraim Wisoky
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This 17 page Class Notes was uploaded by Dr. Ephraim Wisoky on Thursday October 22, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to PSY 4305 at Texas Tech University taught by Staff in Fall. Since its upload, it has received 94 views. For similar materials see /class/226421/psy-4305-texas-tech-university in Psychlogy at Texas Tech University.


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Date Created: 10/22/15
PSY 4305 Abnormal Psychology Course Author Ravi Prasad Yourgmder my be di ferentfmm ne author PSY 4305 features 3 hours credit 10 lessons each containing Introduction Lesson Objectives How to Proceed Discussion Practice Exercises and Lesson Assignment 1 midcourse examination 1 final examination 1 textbook Prerequisite PSY 1300 and junior standing All lesson assignments may be submitted via email or surface mail PSY 4305 Published by Division of Outreach and Distance Education Texas Tech University BOX 42 191 Lubbock TX 794092191 Outreach 81 Distance Education Course Development Instructional Designer Ravi Prasad Copyright 2000 by the Board of Regents for the College of Arts and Sciences acting for and on behalf of Texas Tech University Lubbock Texas 79409 All rights reserved TABLE OF CONTENTS Introduction to PSY 4305 Abnormal Psychology Course Lessons Lesson One Lesson Two Lesson Three Lesson Four Lesson Five Lesson Six Lesson Seven Lesson Eight Lesson Nine Lesson Ten Lesson Eleven Psychopathology History Scientific Considerations n J39 and 0 Classification Diagnosis and Assessment Research Methods and Ethical Considerations Childhood and quot Rwy1515 Disorders Eating Sexual and Gender Identity Disorders Midcourse Examination Directions Sornatoforrn Dissociative Disorders Psychophysiological Disorders and Health Psychology Anxiety and Mood Disorders Schizophrenia and Psychological Disorders Associated with Aging 1 quotj Disorders Thera 1 Final Examination Dirertinns 47 49 57 69 81 89 99 introduction Abnormal Psychology his course provides an overview of the diagnosis assessment IHtTOdUCtion symptoms and treatment of abnormal behavior Upon completion of this course you will be equipped with the tools necessary to form a basic conceptualization of a myriad of psychological disorders As a part of the course requirements you will complete 10 lessons and two exams Because there is very limited interaction between the students and instructor your book will be your strongest asset as you embark on this learning adventure After successfully completing this course you should be able to do the course ObieCtiveS following describe the historical roots as well as current theories of the study of abnormal behavior explain the key components involved in diagnosing and assessing psychological disorders comprehend research legal and ethical issues as they pertain to abnormal psychology understand a broad base of knowledge of the symptoms associated with a wide range of psychological disorders understand the various interventions and their role in the treatment of psychological disorders PSY 4305 V20 Introduction v Textbooks and Materials Organization Texas Tech University The following two books are required for this course Davison G C 8 M Neale 2001 Abnormal Psychology 8th ed New York Wiley Davison Neale 8 Hindman 2000 Study Guide to accompany Abnormal Psychology 8th ed New York Wiley The textbooks are sold as a bundle ISBN 0 471 22548 7 This text was selected over others because of the breadth of material covered The authors have presented the information in a comprehensive yet surprisingly user friendly format Although you may be tempted to use the text when completing your lessons completing them without your textbook will help you retain the material you ve learned In the past many students have found the following five step approach to be helpful when completing a lesson b A Read the assigned chapters and discussion N Make a detailed outline of the material read This should be written in your words and not limited to section headings and boldfaced words W Complete the practice questions in the Study Guide Use your textbook and outline for guidance as needed Check your answers a Review your outline and practice questions 5 Complete the lesson in the course guide independent of any resources Each lesson starts with an introduction to the material covered and its relevance The lesson objectives are then presented Upon successful completion of the lesson you should master all of the stated objectives The How to Proceed section outlines the step by step procedures you should follow when completing the assignment The discussion section follows and provides you with additional information related to the lesson that is not presented in the text Practice questions are identified in the subsequent section These are for your use only and do not need to be turned in At the end of each lesson the assignment is given You must complete the assignment and turn it in to the instructor Your vi Introduction PSY 4305 v20 Outreach amp Distance Education instructor will make any necessary corrections and provide feedback as necessary Your graded lessons will be returned to you All lessons will be comprised of 15 multiple choice questions 2 points Grading POIiCV each and one essay question worth 20 points The midcourse will consist of 40 multiple choice questions 2 points each and one essay question 20 points over the readings in Lessons One through Five The final exam will follow the same format and will cover only the material presented in Lessons Seven through Eleven The following is a breakdown of the numerical grades assigned in this course 90 100 A 80 89 B 70 79 C 60 69 D 59 or below F Regardless of your performance on the lessons a failing grade on the final exam will result in a failing grade for the course Your course average will be determined by your performance on the lessons 20 midcourse exam 40 and the final exam 40 I received my BS in Psychology from Texas AampM University in College AbOUt the Allthoquot Station Texas and my MA in Counseling Psychology from Texas Tech University in Lubbock Texas I am currently pursuing my doctoral degree in Counseling Psychology at Texas Tech I have taught courses in the Psychology Department at Texas Tech and have served as a coordinator for the undergraduate Introductory Psychology course I have worked closely with Outreach 8 Distance Education as an instructor for several courses My past and current research and practice interests lie in the areas of interpersonal attraction and health psychology PSY 4305 V20 Introduction vii one Psychopathology History Scientific Considerations and Paradigms s early as the fifth century BC the notion existed that abnormal Illtl39OdUCtion behavior may have a physiological counterpart Over the course of time conceptualizations of deviant behavior have varied from the aforementioned to the assertion that abnormal behavior was the result of demonic possession Although we now have an abundance of information on the roots of behavior abnormal behavior still lacks a precise definition One reason for this is that what is considered abnormal is highly dependent on situational variables For example consider the following two cultures The people of Mangaia value sexuality and view it as a principle concern Children learn early in their lives how to sexually pleasure the opposite gender and sexual intercourse with multiple partners over the lifetime is encouraged In contrast an Irish society the name will be kept anonymous strongly discourages sexual activity which they consider sinful Any type of sexual expression is viewed unfavorably Mangaians would view the Irish society s practices as deviant whereas the Irish society would view the Mangaian culture as abnormal This clearly demonstrates the importance of considering the context when defining behavior as abnormal A host of other variables also contributes to the difficulty in defining what is abnormal Once a behavior is deemed to be abnormal the following questions still have to be addressed How did the behavior evolve What approaches can be taken to treat it There are various paradigms that exist within psychology that have differing views on what the source of abnormal behavior is and how to treat it It is important to note that the different paradigms are merely different conceptualizations that have their own strengths and weaknesses thus at times some of PSY 4305 V20 Lesson One 1 Lesson Objectives How to Proceed Texas Tech University these may seem more appropriate than others None of them however is completely right or wrong What are some other obstacles we might experience when attempting to define abnormal behavior Can you think of a universal definition How do you currently view the causes and treatments for abnormal behavior This lesson will review the history of psychopathology and present different perspectives of conceptualization of abnormal behavior After completing this lesson you should be able to do the following o explain what factors play a role in determining abnormal behavior discuss the historical roots of psychopathology cite current conceptualizations of the causes of abnormal behavior identify the similarities and differences among the various paradigms of psychopathology and treatment Make sure you have read the Introduction and Objectives for this lesson Survey read and take notes on Chapters 1 and 2 in Abnormal Psychology Read the Discussion section in this lesson It will help you understand what you read in the text Complete the Practice Exercises and check your answers with the answers given in the Study Guide that accompanies your textbook Complete the Lesson One Assignment and submit it to Outreach 8 Distance Education according to the directions given in the Policies 8 Forms Guide Review your notes briefly every day until you complete the course After you have finished this lesson you may proceed to Lesson Two 05 UihODNd 2 Lesson One PSY 4305 v20 Outreach amp Distance Education Psychologists have several paradigms they can use when conceptualizing Discussion the sources of peoples problems and making plans for treatment As stated earlier no single paradigm is correct or incorrect To illustrate how the different conceptualizations can be applied to the same individual consider the following James is a 22 year old college student Like his parents and siblings he suffers from severe anxiety This is most pronounced when James has to engage in public speaking He often gets so nervous that he fails to show up when having to give class presentations During these times James can be found working on his car When confronted he explains that his car has been in need of repair for some time This behavioral pattern has persisted for many years and now James is in danger of failing out of school due to his lower grades James behavior can be considered abnormal as it is not within the range of normal human functioning it causes him distress and creates significant impairment in James functioning We can interpret James from each of the paradigms discussed in the text The biological paradigm would postulate that James anxiety is rooted in his biochemistry Given that his parents and siblings also suffer from debilitating anxiety it is likely that there is a strong genetic component The psychoanalytical framework would suggest that James is suffering from neurotic anxiety The fact that James produces a plausible excuse working on his car because it is in need of repair for his behaviors demonstrates his use of the rationalization defense mechanism as a means of coping Learning theory would posit that James was facing a situation in which he could give his presentation and endure high levels of anxiety and discomfort or work on his car and avoid the discomfort James likely suffered from a negative experience earlier in his life that has resulted in his equating public speaking with discomfort James will likely take the more rewarding option of working on his car rather than enduring discomfort Finally the cognitive paradigm would infer that James has irrational beliefs or thoughts about public speaking that have resulted in his avoidance behavior As you can see each of the conceptualizations may be accurate and a psychologist could employ one or a combination of these frameworks when helping James work through his problem A choice would be made based on how well it applies to James For example an individual may have a variety of wrench sizes but will choose the one that best fits a particular bolt when deciding which specific one to use The psychologist would find which framework fits best for James PSY 4305 V20 Lesson One 3 Practice Exercises y Lesson One Assignment Texas Tech University Answer the Chapter 1 and 2 selftest questions in your Study Guide Feel free to use your text andor notes to complete the questions Answer the following multiplechoice questions on the answer sheet provided Answer the essay question on your own paper Do not use your text andor notes to complete this assignment Multiple Choice Choose the response that best answers the question There is no penalty for guessing Each question is worth 2 points i According to the text the various definitions or characteristics of abnormality re ect various current views on the causes of abnormality are a significant legal problem that can only be resolved by legislative action will be resolved by research as the field matures offer a useful framework for beginning to define abnormality w 610 N Cultural diversity makes it dif cult to de ne abnormal behavior as simply behavior which A leads to disability or dysfunction B improves following psychotherapy C involves a violation 0 norms D causes personal distress E A person with a phobia of heights quits their job when their office is moved to a highrise building This is an example of which de nition of abnormal behavior A unexpectedness B violation of norms C disability or dysfunction D statistical infrequency 4 The oldest theory of deviant behavior attributed it to bodily malfunction poor early parenting demonic possession hypochondriasis 0095 4 0 Lesson One PSY 4305 v 2 0 Outreach amp Distance Education U1 0 1 00 0 What kinds of treatments for mental illness were suggested by Hippocrates A relaxation healthy food abstinence B medicinal herbs potions surgery C prayer incantations blessings from priests D bleeding frightening patients by dunking them in water Early asylums for the mentally ill A were religious institutions B were tourist attractions C provided more humane treatment because of their association with hospitals and medicine D began the tradition of talk therapy Emil Kraepelin is known for A his discovery that hypnosis could block pain B his classification system for mental illness C his description of human anatomy D developing the cathartic method of treating mental illness Using scientific principles to study abnormal behavior A ensures that we will be objective B enables us to gather knowledge in a systematic way C is likely to slow down innovation in the field D has enabled us to reach firm conclusions about most aspects of mental illness The paradigm integrates biological psychological and environmental factors in its conceptualization of abnormal behavior A psychoanalytic B biological C diathesis stress D existential Medical model is another term for the A biological paradigm B psychoanalytic paradigm C behavioral paradigm D psychiatric paradigm PSY 4305 v20 Lesson One 5 Texas Tech University b A b A The most compelling evidence for a genetic component to a disorder comes from A proband studies B family method studies C twin method studies D adoptees method studies 12 The essence of the psychoanalytic paradigm is that psychopathology results from A the failure to fully develop a superego B unconscious conflicts C inability to modulate the pleasure principle D neurotic defenses 5quot After being bitten by a dog Kareem cried and ran away whenever he saw a dog His crying is an example of and his running away is an example of A mediational learning classical conditioning B operant conditioning classical conditioning C operant conditioning mediational learning D classical conditioning operant conditioning 14 A fundamental difference between behavioral and cognitive theorists is the relative importance of A feelings versus thoughts B stimuli versus interpretations of stimuli C reinforcement versus free will D childhood experiences versus current events 15 In the diathesis stress paradigm diathesis refers to the life experiences that may lead to abnormal behavior a predisposition to develop abnormal behavior the genetic basis for abnormal behavior unconscious processes that interact with life events to cause abnormal behavior p057 6 Lesson One PSY 4305 V20 Outreach amp Distance Education Essay Answer the following question completely 20 points Write your answer to the essay question on a separate sheet of paper and turn it in with the multiple choice answer sheet 16 Discuss the four psychological paradigms discussed in the teXt biological learning psychoanalytic and cognitive How are they alike How are they different PSY 4305 v20 Lesson One 7 Outreach amp Distance Education Lesson One Answer Sheet Answer the essay question on your own paper PSY 4305 V20 Lesson One 9


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