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Accelerated Composition Lab

by: Nora Adams

Accelerated Composition Lab ENG 103

Nora Adams
GPA 3.73

Julia Jackson

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Julia Jackson
Class Notes
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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Nora Adams on Thursday October 22, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to ENG 103 at Tri-County Technical College taught by Julia Jackson in Fall. Since its upload, it has received 13 views. For similar materials see /class/226536/eng-103-tri-county-technical-college in Foreign Language at Tri-County Technical College.


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Date Created: 10/22/15
Chapter 1 Outline Communication and Persuasion Logos Pathos Ethos 1 Noticing and Thinking a Pay more attention to writing not nishing b Buddha example pay attention to something positive 0 Process of Thinking i Hallmark of critical thinking realizing viewpoints and ideas not considered before ii Notice explore discover test d Eurekas e The Paradigm Shift i Major eureka ii Stephen Covey de nes as a theory an explanation or model of something else iii Constantly experience the process of thinking when writing 1 Topic choice supporting evidence organization style Communicating Clearly and Effectively a Writing is persuasive b Use sensory language 0 Speci c Evidence i Having a valid opinion is not for clear communication and persuasion ii Must be supported with speci c evidence convincing reasons examples details iii Makes thesis noticeable by use of details iv Critical thinkers take time to support their ideas with details Writing an Opinion Essay a b V Defend beliefs and opinions with persuasive arguments Writing opinion essays allows you to think more deliberately than you would in a normal conversation Finding your subject i Wonder what thing suggest or mean ii When writing assignments for class look for real world applications 1 Write about something you honestly care about 2 Readers want truth something new something diverse or something interesting entertaining or enlightening 3 Have evidence better to have more than not enough Writing Persuasively a V Persuasive writing attempts to move reader i Appeal to mind emotion character b A persuasive writer attempts to get readers to respond as the writer wishes O V You can t make your readers accept a fact without proof or evidence d 6 Many people are suspicious that people are trying to manipulate them Ancient orators introduced emotions and morality into arguments the philosophers insisted that students must be taught to use only logic and reason 5 The Persuasive Appeals a b 6 Skillful writers appeal to their readers i Logos applies to mind Pathos applies to emotions Ethos applies to Ethics Logos i To appeal to readers mind give reasons ii Most powerful when deals with absolute or certain information but most of the time you only have probable evidence iii Use if you want people to think about a problem iv Critical thinkers pay attention to persuasive appeals v Recognizing Logos 1 Logos is Greek for divine words 2 An appeal to logos is an appeal to reason Pathos i Use to make people do something or stop doing something ii Ancients discovered it could overthrow logic iii People can be moved with emotional appeals iv An easily abused appeal v When using it make sure legitimate appropriate and used with restraint vi Personal essays vii Powerful tool to make audience receptive viii If audience thinks you are manipulative it may backfire and question your ethics ix Recognizing Pathos l Pathos is Greek for suffering we derive sympathy from this word 2 Pathos words see page 23 X Humor as pathos l Pathos is not always sad 2 Touch hearts with laughter 3 Respect people writers who cause us delight Ethos i Writers character ii Voice the sound of the writer s personality you hear in their writing iii Can be abused writers can be confused as being moral when actually immoral or responsible when really irresponsible iv Most important idea critical thinkers can consider v Tells you whether writer shares your morality vi Recognizing Ethos 1 Greek for character we derive ethics from this word 2 Most people respect writers who have a strong moral character 3 Ethics words see page 31 Thesis Statement C9 i The thesis is the statement of a writer s opinion that shapes an argument ii Requires opinion about a subject iii The subject is wha the thesis is so wha iv Limits and focuses the subject V Evaluating your thesis statement 1 The Thesis Statement presents and clari es your position 2 Thesis is the point of composition the idea you want your readers to accept 3 You must support the thesis with speci c evidence 4 You can write a simple or complex thesis 5 Aka statement of intent Engaging your Audience Titles Introduction and Conclusion i Features of Good Titles 1 Title Strategies 2 Use a contrast of some kind 3 Use a 3 word title 4 Use Thesis for title 5 Use a question 6 Use alliteration or word play 7 Titles to Avoid 8 General or boring 9 Renaming the assignment 10 Titles that strain for effort Features of Good Instructions V 1 Catch attention and interest readers 2 The first sentence is important catch readers from the start 3 Main purpose is to present writer s thesis statement and announcing what the essay will illustrate 4 Intro depends on situation 5 Intro reveals voice iii Introduction Strategies 1 Start with dramatic incident 2 With a story 3 With a description 4 With a contrast 5 With a question 6 By explaining thesis 7 With specific examples that lead to a thesis 8 With a historical review 9 With a surprising start 10 With a quote l 1 With a hypothetical example iv Introductions to Avoid lt V 1 Empty and Vague 2 Boring rst sentence 3 One sentence Intros 4 Conventional Boring openings 5 By apologizing Features of Good Conclusions 1 Brings essay to completion and gives reader a sense of closure 2 Reminds reader s of thesis or answers it 3 Provides a brief wellworded analysis 4 Memorable 5 Ends with a distinct sentence vi Concluding Strategies 1 End with a book 2 By re ecting on importance of thesis 3 With a call to action 4 With a vivid image or contrast 5 With a quote 6 With a surprising fact 7 With a question 8 With a prediction or warning 9 With a striking word of reasonable hope vii Conclusions to Avoid 1 One sentence or very short conclusions 2 Merely summarizing the paper 3 Don t use overused phrases in conclusion 4 Drawing attention to yourself and not the paper 5 Raising irrelevant subjects


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