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Environmental Economics

by: Josefa Conn

Environmental Economics ENVECON C101

Josefa Conn

GPA 3.88


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Class Notes
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This 16 page Class Notes was uploaded by Josefa Conn on Thursday October 22, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to ENVECON C101 at University of California - Berkeley taught by Staff in Fall. Since its upload, it has received 17 views. For similar materials see /class/226619/envecon-c101-university-of-california-berkeley in Environmental Science & Policy at University of California - Berkeley.

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Date Created: 10/22/15
California Beverage Container Recycling and Litter Reduction Study Peter Berck and George Goldman Principal Investigators with the assistance of io39im Beattie Jeffrey LaFrance Anna Gueorguieva Aya gishi Bruce McWilliams and Peter Ho Comparison with Other States Chapter 2 Anna Gueorguieva and Peter Berck Outline 1 Distinctive Features of CA I 2 Lessons from Canada 3 Good examples from the European Union CRV I CRV is California Redemption Value I Distributors pay 5c under 24 oz and 10c for larger bottles into a government fund for each container sent to a retailer I When consumers return containers they are paid a refund by weight that approximates the 5 and 10 cents I Aluminum Glass and Plastic beverage containers are covered Coverage 1 11 States have bottle bills 1 California has widest coverage Maine and Hawaii are next a No dairy a 4 include wine and liquor a No items included in WIC program eg juice in containers of 48 oz or greater in CA Lowest Deposit per Container I Deposits for nonrefillable containers in other states is at least 5 cents I States with higher deposits have higher recycling rates I Michigan 10 cent deposit 94 for 2000 I Vermont 5 cents 15 for liquor 9095 Producer Responsibility I In California deposits go towards program administration Massachusetts 100 of unredeemed deposits to state additional handling fee Oregon Unredeemed deposits returned to distributors I California closer to Massachusetts Convenience of Return I California is the only state where retail centers are not in the reclamation system a Curbside Old Line recycling drop off and 1 Convenience Centers Limited hours open Within 12 mile of supermarkets No need to sort containers by maker a Containers do not go back to distributor as in other states Incentives on the Collection Side Recycled content law same as Oregon I Difference between supply and demand price of recycled material processing fee Municipalities need to decrease waste by 50 I Handling fees CA 25 cents OR none Others 13 c I No disposal of recyclables without approval Lessons from Canada I Large number of containers covered 7 out of 11 provinces cover all containers but milk Variation in deposit value for different type of containers due to difficulty of handling a beer and liquor higher deposit a distinction between metal and plastic 1 refillable vs oneuse Point of Purchase nonrefundable recycling fee 6 out of 11 provinces Programs for prevention and reuse of containers Compulsory refill containers Denmark beer and soft drinks Quotas for reuse containers Germany for beverages Taxes on oneway containers Container Recycling and Costs Chapter 3 Goldman and Ogishi Average California Household Disposal Cost1999 140Iton Table 2 Net Recycler Costs of Recycling CRV Aluminum Containers 1999 Recycler Costs Ton Revenue Net Net Costs Type1 Ton Costs Container Recycler Processor Scrap Ton MRF Costs Costs Value Costs RC 36183 000 7381 92364 48800 00082 88 55306 000 7381 92364 29677 00050 CS 16853 3000 7381 92364 65130 0011 1 RC Recycling centers 88 Supermarket sites CS Curbside programs Table 3 Net Costs of Recycling CRV Glass Containers 1999 Recycler Costs T on Revenue Net Costs Net Costs Type1 T on Ton Containe Recycler MRF Processor Scrap Value 0 Costs Co Costs sts RC 8675 000 2229 1762 8638 00237 SS 41835 000 2229 1762 41798 01148 CS 16853 3000 2229 1762 20320 00551


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