Introduction to Comparative Politics
Introduction to Comparative Politics POL SCI 2
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This 5 page Class Notes was uploaded by Jamison Crooks on Thursday October 22, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to POL SCI 2 at University of California - Berkeley taught by Staff in Fall. Since its upload, it has received 21 views. For similar materials see /class/226647/pol-sci-2-university-of-california-berkeley in Political Science at University of California - Berkeley.
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Date Created: 10/22/15
Martha C Gning Acting Instructor Political Science 2 Introduction to Comparative Politics gningberkeleyedu Course Website httpwwwpolisciberkeleveducoursescoursepades summerZOOSZpsZZ What is Politics O Neil the struggle in any group over the power to make decisions for the larger groupquot Example Office Politics Politics for Political Scientists Collectivity in a given territory Binding decisions Distribution of valued things Our Definition of Politics the struggle among a given people in a given territory the collectivity over the power to make binding decisions about the distribution and allocation of valued things for the collectivity What do we mean by comparative Comparative Method O Neil by comparing two or more countries we seek to draw some generalizations about politics that could be valid in other cases Seeking out the general in the particular as a means of explanation Seeking to make causal statements Scnentlflc Method I Method of Agreement Shared Outcome in Case 1 and Case 2 Case 1 A B C D E F Case 2 A B C W Y Z A B C must cause I Method of Difference Different Outcome in Case 1 and Case 2 Case 1 A B C D E Case2A B C E F D must cause Correlation I X is somehow related to Y but cannot know the exact relationship Maybe X gt Z gt Y Maybe X and Z and W gt Y Maybe Y gt Z Maybe W gt Y and Z Comparative Politics I creating and testing general theories about how and why politics plays out the way it does in different countries I creating categories and classification systems to help move analysis from the particular to the general Case Example of Theory Generation Skocpol Why do some countries experience revolutions I Comparative Method Method of Agreement Method of Difference I Variables Agrarian Society International Pressure Resources for revolutionaries Case Example of Creating Concepts Schmitter and Karl What is a democracy Definition Modern political democracy is a system of governance in which rulers are held accountable for their actions In the public realm by citizens acting indirectly through the competition and cooperation of their elected representatives Criteria Free and fair elections freedom to associate etc Institutions quotorganizations or patterns of activity that are self perpetuating and valued for their own sake O Nei l Hig hly Institutionalized Organizations or patterns of activity that are cannot easly be displaced or changed and that are very strongly valued for their own sake Wea kly Institutionalized Organizations or patterns of activity that are can be displaced or changed easily and that are not particulary valued for their own sake What is the State Max Weber The state is the political organization that holds a monopoly on the legitimate use of physical force in a given territory Sovereignty the ability to carry out actions or policies within a territory independently of from external actors or internal rivalsquot O Neil a state is thus an institution that seeks to wield the majority of force within a given territory establishing order and deterring challengers from inside and outquot in doing so it it provides security for its subjects by limiting the danger of external attack and internal crime and disorderquot but it is also a set of political institutions that generate and carry out policyquot What is a regime O Neil the fundamental rules and norms of politics more specifically it is the rules and norms about how power should be used by the state and those that govern it and where and with whom power should reside in the collectivityquot What is a government O Neil the elites or leaders in charge of running the statequot What is a count O Neil a generic term for the thing on the map More Institutionalized State Machinery Regime Programming Less Institutionalized Government Operator Main Course Questions On your syllabus I How do states influence society I How does society influence the state How does society organize to influence the state I How are global forces changing how states and societies interact I How universal is liberal democracy Course Structure On your syllabus I The Comparative Politics Toolbox I European States and the limits of Liberal Democracy I Society and the Developmental State in East Asia I The PostColonial State and QuasiDemocracies in Africa I StateSociety Relations and NeoLiberalism in Latin America I Threats to the State Globalization HIVAIDS and Terrorism Course Requirements On your syllabus I Four Response MiniEssays 40 I MidTerm Quiz 10 I Section Participation and Attendance 10 I InClass Final 40