INTRO ARCHAEOLOGY ANTHRO 002AC
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Shanie McLaughlin on Thursday October 22, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to ANTHRO 002AC at University of California - Berkeley taught by Staff in Fall. Since its upload, it has received 23 views. For similar materials see /class/226673/anthro-002ac-university-of-california-berkeley in anthropology, evolution, sphr at University of California - Berkeley.
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Date Created: 10/22/15
Anthro 2AC Read Ashmore pp 6065 272013 Stewart 2002 III CHALLENGES STUDYING ARCH MATERIAL 1 Differential Preservation of Material Remains G Average Preservation More Typical Situation i Open Air Sites hotcold wetdry acidic soils ii Skewed or Biased Sample of Past Material Culture Some Materials in TransformedAltered State Think about classroom 3040 years Later iii Decomposition of Old Cars Roads Towns Fort Ross Native Alaskan Village Site H Archaeological Data i Artifacts lithics ceramics sherds metal glass worked bone ii Ecofacts oral seeds nuts faunal remains iii Middens Shell Middens iv Features pits burials house structurespost mold v Sites Spatial Cluster of Artifacts Ecofacts Features vi Regions or Cultural Landscapes 2 Recoverv ofAr 39 39 39 I Data A Recognition of Archaeological Data i AV Kidder Tree Beams Dendrochronology excavated pueblo sites recovered a lot of wooden beams from the roofs wood is actually good date dendrochronology is the study ofpatterns in tree rings precipitation temperature environmental conditions and precise dating method ii Recovery of Ecofacts Faunal Analysis mostly focused on collecting artifacts up til the 1960s changing theoretical interest in the 1960s diets ofpast peoples increasingly importance given to ecofacts Zooarchaeology Floral Remains Flotation charred plant remains o en preserve an archaelogical context charred cellulose does not break down as non charred cellulose hardens the wood or plant remains seedsnutswoods that have been burned flotation led to a whole new field paleoethnobotany helps reconstruct past diet subsistence Light Fraction Paleoethnobotany iii Phytoliths Microscopic Microns plant and stone phytolith microscopic silica bodies that some plants produce they will preserve B Sampling Issues i Ethical Reasons for Sampling Preservation excavation is highly desctructive Excavation Destructive Protect Sites for Future ii Prohibitive Costs of Study 7 Can not excavate entire sites Finite Budgets Sum Arch study small sample ofsample ofmaterials 3 Complex Formation ofAr 39 39 39 lSites A Behavioral Processes acquisition manufacture use deposition Differential Deposition Fort Ross sea otter bones Magazines in Landfills B Transformational Processes PostDepositional Taphonomy of Materials Natural Agents decayerosion Human Agents plowing looting etc