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Honors Course in Greek

by: Gail Dare

Honors Course in Greek GREEK H195

Gail Dare

GPA 3.67


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Class Notes
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Gail Dare on Thursday October 22, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to GREEK H195 at University of California - Berkeley taught by Staff in Fall. Since its upload, it has received 33 views. For similar materials see /class/226677/greek-h195-university-of-california-berkeley in Greek at University of California - Berkeley.


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Date Created: 10/22/15
Fact Sheet Turkey Introduction Turkey is a country ofmany contrasw urban and rural secular and Islamic European and Asian with tains and coastal beaches Below are some major statistics and interesting facts about contemporary Turkey and a timeline of major evens in the recent history of Turkey Population 71892807 July 2008 est Black Sea 1szan ANKARA quotsnumm Area Over 780000 sq km slightly larger than Texas 39smselm II N A T O L l A Ethnic Groups 80 Turkish 20 Kurdish Religions 998 Muslim 02 other mostly Christian and Jewish a V J Medusnanaan ea L nurce Official Language Turkish 0 Most ofTurkey s land lies in Asia but a portion ofIstanbul the largest city lies partly in Asia while the rest lies in Europe as does the sliver of land in the northwest of the country c The majority of the Kurdish population of Turkey lives in the mountainous regions in the southeastern portions of the country c The capital city of Turkey is Ankara and is largest city is Istanbul which was called Constantinople during the Ottoman Empire Turkey borders European countries such as Greece and Bulgaria in the West but also shares borders with Middle Eastern countries such as Syria Iraq and Iran in the East 0 Though the majority of people in Turkey are Muslim Turkey has a secular constitution and government meaning that religion is separate from the of cial functions of the government 0 Female students at public universities are of cially barred from wearing the headscarf because of secular rules in the Constitution which has been a source of controversy in recent years for people who say that students should be allowed the choice of whether to wear the headscarf or not 0 There are some prominent Islamic political parties in Turkey and many people who want to Islamicize the government making it less secular Timeline Turkey s Recent History Below is a basic timeline of major dates in Turkey s recent history 12991922 Ottoman Empire 7 One of history s great empires stretching around the Middle East and the Mediterranean Sea at one point reaching across northern Africa and up through Eastern Europe to Austria The modern country of Turkey was a central component of the Empire and the current capital of Istanbul served as the capital and leading city of the Ottoman Empire 1800searly Long slow decline of the Ottoman Empire Regions of the Empire began 1900s pulling away and forming 39 J r J countries Greece among them 1915 Armenian genocide 7 estimated loss of about one million Armenians due to massacres and forced deportation still a matter of much political disagreement with Turkey disputing the number of dead and the events being termed genocide WWI The Ottoman Empire sides with Germany in WWI and after the end of the war the victorious Allies start to carve up the remains of the Ottoman EmLire 1923 Turkey becomes an independent country and Mustafa Kemal Ataturk becomes the first president Ataturk is an honorary title meaning father of the Turks Ataturk believed that Turkey needed to modernize in order to be successful as a country in a rapidly changing world and so he introduced a series of reforms to make Turkey secular and more Western These reforms included unifying the education system reforming the Turkish language a ban on wearing the fez and political reforms including a new constitution and the right to vote for women 19231950 Though Turkey made many political and social reforms during this time the government remains under single party control with only two leaders in this nearly 30 year span 1928 Turkey becomes secular 7 the clause stating that Islam is the state religion is taken out of the Constitution This also later includes the banning of headscarves in public universities and for government workers 1938 President Ataturk dies but remains a national hero to this day WWII Turkey attempts to remain neutral during WWII and does not take part in combat Joins the United Nations in 1945 1950 First open elections held and beginning of multiparty democracy Over the decades political parties form and grow 1960 1970 Democratic leaders struggled and Turkey faced military coups in 1960 and 1970 returning to civilian control soon after each coup 1974 Turkish troops invade Cyprus and spar with Greek forces for control of the island Results in a standoff and a line of control splitting the island in half 1980 Another military coup 7 the government returns to civilian control 2 years later 1980s Kurds in southeastern Turkey wanting a separate state begin guerilla insurgency 2002 Islamistbased Justice and Development Party AK Party wins landslide elections victory and promises to maintain secular principles of Constitution 2005 Talks begin regarding accession of Turkey to the EU Sources BBC News 7 Timeline of Turkey htt newsbbccouk2hieuro e1023189stm CIA World Factbook httDswww ia quot quot 39 u HA I Columbia Encyclopedia httpwwwbartlebycom65tuTurkeyhtml


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