History Notes March 24
History Notes March 24 History 112
Popular in American History Since 1865
Popular in History
This 5 page Class Notes was uploaded by Sequoia Brown on Thursday March 24, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to History 112 at University of South Carolina taught by Foxworth in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 13 views. For similar materials see American History Since 1865 in History at University of South Carolina.
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Date Created: 03/24/16
History 112 March 24, 2016 Documentary Notes Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. came to Montgomery Alabama - He told the people that God with be with them Songs and music was a way to get through the tough times Music and songs were an outlet - Songs were of protest and rebellion - Music was from black history o From the slaves - Spiritual quality of the songs and was used for how and what you were going through at the time “We shall not be moved” “Wallace is our enemy and he must be removed” (Governor Wallace) “We shall overcome” became the Civil Rights Movement prime song - Songs helped to reinforce that they were going to win the movement Desegregation Brown Vs Board Bus Boycott o All of the black people stopped riding the buses for Civil Rights o People threatened to kill and bomb his house the black people had an up rise but King calmed them down and said to love the people who hates him not step down to their level o King created a new mindset of the black people He created a nonviolent Lasted 365 days and almost let the buses out of buses Shortly after the buses were desegregated Designed to extend the Brown vs Board ruling to other places around the US Enforcement Freedom Riders o Black and white citizens on a bus riding through towns to stop segregation o Attacked white supremacy that white and blacks could not cooperate together o In Alabama a device was thrown in the bus and the white people blocked the doors so they couldn’t get out and the bus blew up but no one died o Jackson: Police had an assembly line to arrest the Freedom riders One guy was arrested and got 6 months o Other people joined the Freedom Riders and them the law started in integrate these places but hundreds of black and whites were arrested in the process Sit Ins o Black people went to restaurants that were for only white people and they were not leaving until the police arrest them and another person would come and take their place o They waited at counters until they were served They studied the philosophy of nonviolence o If the restaurant did not serve them they would continue to go back until they did Fights broke out People would be spit on Pour hot water on them Beat them Pull them off the stools Absorbed the hits and no one would hit back Wanted to prove that nonviolence would work March on Washington o People all over the world came to Washington to march for the cause o When you look from the top you could still not see all of the people who were there o Dr. King let his speech is from of millions of people Let Freedom Ring o The change could not have happened without the March on Washington Defined the movement Freedom Summer - Attracted mostly white kids - College students- wanted to get voting rights for black people in Mississippi - Dr. King followers tried to warn and train the students to how it was going to be o The student did not realize how bad it could be o Did not realize that they could get killed 3 kids went ahead to try to get voting rights for the black people but ended up “missing” aka dead They were placed under arrest They were handed over to the KKK and was beaten and killed Selma March o Wanted the right to register to vote for all black people o Bloody Sunday: The day of the March Left the church singing “There will be no turning around” When arrived at the top of the bridge to continue the march, they saw a line of police at the bottom of the bridge, they told them to disperse but the marchers did not Tear gas was shot into the crowd The state troopers ran towards the crowd with sticks with gas masks and the people were attacked and beaten March 15, 1965 President Johnson made a speech saying that people must overcome injustice in America This is what Dr. King wanted Dr. King continued the March under a federal court order from Selma 50 miles to the States capital The day before they got to the capitol there was a assassination threat for Dr. King so protesters marched right alongside him to block the threats Talked about the fear of death His home had been bombed He had been stabbed Congress passed Civil Rights Act of 1964- ends segregation Congress passed Voting Rights Act in 1965 Birmingham, Alabama- worst segregated city in the US at the time - Evil is a fact of life in Bull Connor- was a leader in Birmingham and was really racial - Admitted to break bones in order to keep people segregated King selected certain restaurants to - Kids started to get involved - Connor did not know what to do - They would leave school - Many would get arrested and go to jail - Kids would get hosed from a fire hose o Could take bark off a tree - All of these events would get televised o President Kennedy saw this and was disgusted o The Children made the difference