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Ethical Theories

by: Dianna Roob Sr.

Ethical Theories PHILOS 104

Dianna Roob Sr.

GPA 3.76


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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Dianna Roob Sr. on Thursday October 22, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to PHILOS 104 at University of California - Berkeley taught by Staff in Fall. Since its upload, it has received 232 views. For similar materials see /class/226745/philos-104-university-of-california-berkeley in PHIL-Philosophy at University of California - Berkeley.

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Date Created: 10/22/15
Theories and Problems ofEthics In moral issues the better argument should prevail over the exercise of power or the force of personality Can this statement be justified as an absolute ethical imperative Are moral values necessarily and without exception dependent on ends Critically evaluate Everybody to count for one and nobody to count for more than one With reference to an issue from Applied Ethics discuss the ways in which this statement could be applied as a normative ethical approach Morality requires a person to act for the good of others Evaluate this claim Discuss the degree to which the rightness of moral actions should be independent of circumstance culture history or gender Moral Pluralism is the view that moral values norms ideals duties and virtues are irreducibly diverse Unlike relativisms however moral pluralism hold that there are rational constraints on what can count as a moral value Critically dicuss Explain and evaluate the scope and value of bioethics Critically assess the claim that moral judgements have meaning and value only if they are based on the current tastes of the majority To what extent do you agree that we have moral duty to care for the environment Critically evaluate the view that ethics should be more concerned with who you are than what you do You cannot derive an ought from an is Discuss and critically evaluate this claim Too what extent can the quot quot39 ior the J quot J of our actions be a moral principle To what extent should applied ethics be committed to the promotion of change in the world m Explain Plato s program of study for a philosopher and assess his reason for his emphasis on mathematics Explain and discuss the differences that Plato draws between knowledge and belief Analyze Plato s view about the role of women in his ideal state and discuss the extent to which egalitarianism is possible in Plato s political philosophy Explain and evaluate why understanding the Forms and above all of the Good is the essential prerequisite for attaining justice in the State Explain and discuss the analogy between justice in the individual soul and justice in the city Explain and discuss the role of education in Plato s ideal state Explain and discuss the relationship between knowledge and the Good Explain and discuss the nature of belief and knowledge Explain and discuss the qualities of the ideal ruler Aristotle Critically evaluate Aristotle s claim that happiness is the ultimate objective of man Discuss and evaluate Aristotle s claim that virtuous acts are not done in a just or temperate way merely because they have a certain quality but only if the agent acts in a certain state Discuss the extent of the relationship between wisdom and happiness Explain and evaluate the claim that humans should strive to reach happiness Kant Why is it important for common human reason to understand that duty is the necessary of an action from the pure respect for law Explain and evaluate Explain and evaluate Kant s position that moral principles must have their origin and foundation a priori in pure reason Explain and evaluate the role that good plays in moral action Mill Discuss the implications of Mill s categorizations of acts into one of two groups either selfregarding acts or other regarding acts Explain and discuss the boundaries that Mill draws between individual and society Explain and critically evaluate why dissent in a society is important for Mill Critically asses the claim that the defense of personal liberty is for the production of the minority against the tyranny of the majority Explain and discuss the principle that the prevention of harm to others is the only legitimate basis for the restriction of liberty Critically evaluate Mill s claim that over himself over his own body and mind the individual is sovereign Mill states If all mankind minus one were of one opinion and only one person were of the contrary opinion mankind would be no more justified in silencing that one person than he if he had the power would be justified in silencing mankind Discuss and critically evaluate Evaluate the relationship between liberty and utility Evaluate the problem posed by conformity


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