Example of Annotated Bibliography
Example of Annotated Bibliography CJ 355
U of L
Popular in Criminalistics
Popular in Criminology and Criminal Justice
This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by George Maxwell Miller on Thursday March 24, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to CJ 355 at University of Louisville taught by Cassandra Rausch in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 26 views. For similar materials see Criminalistics in Criminology and Criminal Justice at University of Louisville.
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Date Created: 03/24/16
Annotated Bibliography Bennett, G. D. (1954). Physical Evidence in Arson Cases. The Journal of Criminal Law, Criminology, and Police Science, 44(5), 652-660. Retrieved March 14, 2016, from http://scholarlycommons.law.northwestern.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=4190 &context=jclc Focusing strictly on physical evidence in this article, Detective Lieutenant Glenn D. Bennett, shows his audience how to differentiate between physical evidence and circumstantial evidence, as we will see in a following article. Detective Bennett is the Commanding Officer of the Arson Squad for the Detroit Police and Fire Department and has been a member for over 15 years. Seeing as this article may be intended for those interested in arson investigation and/or are investigators themselves, this article offers a substantial amount of good information regarding physical evidence, what it is, how it is discovered and preserved, and its importance in an investigation. It is clearly stated that physical evidence are specific items or objects that are tangible, not including theories, inferences, assumptions, etc. Most physical evidence will be found near the origin of a fire and should be meticulously dealt with and preserved by authorized personnel only. Ultimately, the goal is to utilize the physical evidence discovered within the crime scene and reconstruct the crime. Braun, W. C. (1950). Circumstantial Evidence in Arson Cases. Journal of Criminal Law and Criminology (1931-1951), 41(2), 226-234. Retrieved March 14, 2016, from http://scholarlycommons.law.northwestern.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=378 &context=jclc In this article William C. Braun focuses on circumstantial evidence, which will typically be found alongside physical evidence, as previously stated by Detective Lieutenant Glenn D. Bennett in Physical Evidence in Arson Cases. William C. Braun was a Special Agent for the FBI from 1927-1930 and is now the Chief Special Agent of the Chicago Arson Division and has been since 1947. This article is written in a manor that is easily read by someone that does not have prior knowledge of arson investigation and is helpful to some that does. Arson is a crime that is done in secrecy and away from bystanders, making it a crime that has an abundance of circumstantial evidence, which is evidence that relates to a series of facts but is not a known fact in itself. Direct and circumstantial evidence are not different, circumstantial evidence is simply direct evidence that is applied secondarily and because of this, circumstantial evidence is typically used to aid direct evidence when applicable. Feeheley, T. J. (1956). Suggestions for Improving Arson Investigations. The Journal of Criminal Law, Criminology, and Police Science, 47(3), 357-367. Retrieved March 14, 2016, from http://scholarlycommons.law.northwestern.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=450 &context=jclc Thomas J. Feeheley, Special Agent of Chicago’s Mutual Investigation Bureau and author of the article in this journal, has written a piece that can assist any investigator become a more efficient and overall better investigator. Feeheley goes into great detail about suggestions that he has for improving arson investigation, hence the title, and does so excellently. Anything from the crime scene, diagrams and sketches, and photographs; interviews, interrogations, and more, he explains in great detail what they are, how they are typically conducted, and how they can be done more efficiently and in a much- improved manor. Feeheley does an astounding job going through each step of the arson investigation process, as well as giving instructions and examples, which could make the difference between being a successful arson investigator or not. Lee, K. (1951). Arson Investigation in Selected Cities. The Journal of Criminal Law, Criminology, and Police Science, 42(3), 407-413. Retrieved March 14, 2016, From http://scholarlycommons.law.northwestern.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=392 &context=jclc Although this article, written by Kuan-lou Lee; whom has a degree of Master of Science in Public Administration, does not have an abundance of information regarding what arson is in general as compared to the other articles, it does successfully explain why arson investigation typically is and should be a job for fire fighters and not police officers. Along with the very basic information regarding the process of arson investigation, Lee explains that there is no doubt that the expertise and training of firemen make them more suitable to successfully conduct the job of an arson investigator, without undermining the job(s) of police and their departments. Overall, this article is key in terms of understanding the foundation of arson investigation within the fire department, which could lead to better understanding arson investigation as a whole. Wakefield, E. A. (1951). Arson Investigation. Journal of Criminal Law and Criminology (1931-1951), 41(5), 680-689. Retrieved March 14, 2016, from http://scholarlycommons.law.northwestern.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=384 &context=jclc Unlike the previous article Arson Investigation in Selected Cities, this article thoroughly explains what arson, arson investigation, and the procedures by which arson investigators do their jobs are. E. A. Wakefield, General Manager of the Fire Underwriters’ Investigation Bureau of Canada, describes the job of an arson investigator not only in general terms, but from the perspective of a former police officer. Wakefield carefully takes the reader through the process of the investigation, why the investigation is done, what the goal of an arson investigator is, and ultimately, why arson is committed, which is done by listing all of the possible motives behind the crime. This article is particularly easy to read, making it an asset for those that have little to no prior knowledge of arson and the investigation that comes with the crime. However, because of this, it only scratches the surface of arson and does not have a substantial amount of detailed information for those that may need it.
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