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Pennisular&orLatAmer Lit & Soc

by: Claudine Christiansen

Pennisular&orLatAmer Lit & Soc LTSP 171

Marketplace > University of California - San Diego > Spanish > LTSP 171 > Pennisular orLatAmer Lit Soc
Claudine Christiansen

GPA 3.88


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Class Notes
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This 34 page Class Notes was uploaded by Claudine Christiansen on Thursday October 22, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to LTSP 171 at University of California - San Diego taught by Staff in Fall. Since its upload, it has received 9 views. For similar materials see /class/226825/ltsp-171-university-of-california-san-diego in Spanish at University of California - San Diego.


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Date Created: 10/22/15
Announcement I If you need more experiments to participate in contact Danny Sanchez dsanchezucsdedu make sure to tell him that you are from LIGN171 so he will let me know about your credit 1 point I Email Danny to schedule a time ifyou are interested ucu 111 chum Language Aeqmsunn hllr mneues1eeurenursesmen111 Braaaiiinnsss anwu ne enemy e mquot A Orientation Compass Points a Orientation Compass Points Orientation Slices Curunal plane I Like a cruwn urtlara Anterlurtu pusterlur Henzenral plane analnansvevse I Parallel tuthe fluur upenene wrenev l aglttal plane ml rsagmal thruugh mldlme Medialtnlaleral Anything else ubllque Coronal Slice Sagittal midsagittal Slice Horizontal Slice Big Pieces Cerebrum Subcortical structures Cerebellum Cerebrum Two hemispheres separated bythe interhemispheric fissure longitudinal fissure joined by the corpus calla Divisions of the Cerebrum I Divided into four lobes I Temporal Lobe I Occipital Lobe I Cortex bark is folded I Gyrus gyri I Sulcussulci Some major functional areas I Note the use ofthe the front 05 meaning behind Premotor cortex is in hem of motor cortex I Postcentral cortex is behind the central sulcus precentral in Sensory and Motor Cortex Gyri and Sulci Broca s and Wernicke s areas a mmm gm Subcortical Structures Basal Ganglia Striatum Neostriatum caudate putamen plus globus pallidus Fluum we Bani mau F m Subcortical Structures Medial Temporal Lobe Cerebellum little brain I WM l 39 w Vuuwlnmmbdlum spirocwvhdlum nxcl quotcementquot quot W M Wquot Flgure 520 Cerebellum little brain l mm m Little Pieces Neurons and Glia Neurons I 50000 neurons per cubic millimeter of cortex I Types of neurons in cerebral cortex Pyramidal may receive up to 200000 inputs I Stellate 10000 50000 dendritic synapses local circuitry I Granule 10 billion in cortex very small I Types of neurons in cerebellar cortex I Purkinje extensive arborization of dendrites Stellate basket cells Golgi cells I Granule Neurons Pyramldal cell Purkll39lle cell Anatomy of a Neuron I Dendrite Wu I Cell Body Soma I Nucleus I Axon amput I Myelin node of Ranvier I Synapse SDUUbllllunlnadulls I Synaptic Cleft came I Vesicle I Neurotransmitter Glial Cells A Asmxym B Oligodendmle C Mirroglialcell Glial glue from Greek cells outnumber neurons about 10 to 1 Functions include myelination and clearing neurotransmitter from the synaptic cleft Oligodendrocyte Myelination A um mm w mm I Gray matter I Cortex layered I Subcortical structures I White matter I Myelinated axons Cellular Organization in the Brodmann Areas Cerebrum DR KORBINIAN 35 BRODMANN 18681918 BA 44 BA 45 I Cytoarchitectonic map of cortex in 1909 Cortical Layers Cerebellum Fluids in the brain Cerebrospinal uid CSF I Occupies all sub arachnoid space Produced by the choroid plexus m gt1 uyenol mtnwlw IM Ium AboutSOO mlday I Volume of CSF in ventricles a out 150 m I Fluid drains into venous sys em and is replaced Ventricles Blood supply and drainage Arterial Blood Supply Circle of Willis Middle Cerebral artery w a m m egeedm gt The middle eeebrel artery isthe artery me men deddded in emke Large anElIES 5m Wdiwic Capillaries Blood Pressure mm Hg if Venu i vein a crlcs Capillaries Venous Blood Drainage Vonnus sinuses oi mm Maler Supevlor sagvual sums MAE 171A Mechanical Engineering Laboratory Laboratory Report Writing Lecture Notes January 2009 Introduction to lab report writing Concepts related to readers and writers mWhy are you writing this document The goals are to persuade inform and document The academic purpose is the display of knowledge Concepts related to text lleeatures of Content Organization Language Format 3determined by your audience and your purpose Concepts related to text Content m the information contained in your document Organization m How the information is organized within the document in Paragraph organization in Sentence organization in the paragraph Language in Grammatical structures appropriate in Concise language in Appropriate word choice in Errorfree language Format in Refers to the general appearance of the document in Informative headings in Fonts used bullets bold italics etc The Shape of a Laboratory Report Introduction n I Theory T Experimental Procedure E Data and Results or DiSGUSSiOH and Conclusion D Adapted from Swales J and Feak C 1994 Academic Writing for Graduate Students Ann Arbor University of Michigan Press Writing as one of a team If different people are writing different sec ons llbOne person should edit the final draft a good report may come after many drafts Team writing needs careful planning Groups should agree on the outline of the report before drafting starts All the authors should read and approve the final version each of them is responsible for the entire document The writing process Prewriting mlGenerate ideas and organizing them via outlining free writing andor concept maps Writing mlPrepare draft to be compiled with the rest of the report for team members to review Revising quotDEaCh team member should have recommendations for changes in content organization language and format Editing lleeviewing the document for mechanical errors unclear sentences language that is not concise or is ungrammatical 6 The writing process outline First thing to do is outline your report mWrite each heading at the top of a sheet of paper mWrite all the points you can think of under each heading libFind all your notes figures tables It is very important to write every important detail of the experiment lleort these out and put then with relevant sec on Structure of your laboratory report All pages must be numbered All figures and tables must have legends that describe them in You should be able to look at a gure and table and understand what is being shown without having to refer to the text All references must be fully cited in reference sec ons No verbatim quotes allowed quot1 Such as Arnez stated in 1998 that Fracture mechanics is a method for predicting failure of a structure containing a crack It uses methods of analytical solid mechanics to calculate the driving force on a crack and those of experimental solid mechanics to characterize the material39s resistance to fracture and this definition was used 8 Structure of laboratory report 20 page maximum mlncluding text figures and tables libDoublespaced Except for figure and table captions mm inch margins around each page llDUse 12 point Times or Times New Roman font or 11 point w or Mfont Do NOT use a doublecolumn page format use single column Appendix to include raw data The structure of your laboratory report must have these major headings Title page Abstract Table of contents List of tables List of figures separate sheet separate sheet separate sheet separate sheet separate sheet Introduction Theory Experimental procedures Experimental results Discussion of results Conclusions Error analysis can be part of discussion V References Appendices and raw data separate sheets separate sheets 20 pages maximum including figures and tables Title page The title answers the question llbWhat is the report about The title should be llblnteresting lleoncise llblnformative lleccu rate Include all group members group number group time Title page example Water Tunnel Measurement of the Drag Coefficient of a Cylinder no words can be removed Presented to the University of California San Diego Department of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering MAE 171A Date Prepared by Group X Section AOX Thursday afternoon Names of group members Abstract Is an abbreviated accurate representation of the content of the report llbUsually one paragraph tElWhy the experiment was done How the experiment was performed What pertinent results were obtained Conclusion obtained from data analysis 3 Informative quantitative short concisely written Do not refer in the abstract to information that is not in the report Use the third person Write this section LAST Table of contents Each heading see slide 10 must be listed Each heading must have a page number Table of Contents Page List of Figures 4 List of Tables 5 Introduction 6 List of figures Figures should be in numerical order using the same legend as what is on the figure Figures need a page number Figure Description 1 Variation of the elastic modulus 4 as a function of temperature Page number List of tables Tables should be in numerical order using the same legend as what is on the figure Tables need a page number Table Description Page number 1 Fracture toughness values as a 6 function of tip radius for polycarbonate Introduction Statement of the problem mWhy did you do this work llbWhat is it s purpose mWhy is it important Tell the readers briefly what you examined Indicate your experimental approach Cite published work llWho has studied this in the past and what results did they obtain Introduction Indicate the need for testingexperimental analysis llblnclude A statement of the problem that is being investigated and any subproblems or A question that needs to be answered about the phenomenon under study Answer the need for testingexperimental analysis llblnclude The method you39ll employ to answer the question or solve the problem identified ie What are you going to do A description of the specific objective of the experiment ie What are you going to do EDA statement of what will be covered in the report Introduction editing worksheet Area Question Yl Comments Content 1 Does the writer establish identify the phenomenon studied and state its importance to the field ofengineering 2 Does the writer avoid excessive discussion of realworld applications 3 Does the writer clearly state the objectives of the experiment Organization 1 Does the introduction appear to be clearly organized 2 Does the writer avoid unnecessarily long paragraphs Language 1 Does the writer put old information before new information 2 Does the writer use concise but speci c language 3 Does the writer avoid mechanical and grammatical errors Theory Summarize the key theory concepts that are being used examined or tested in the experiment llelso summarize key theory equations used in data analysis Clearly state assumptions that are used in theory Point out possible regimes where assumptions might be violated in experiment Use figures or schematics as appropriate Cite relevant references to guide readers who need or want additional information 20 Experimental procedure ApparatusExperimental apparatus name model numbers serial numbers not necessary clearlylabeled diagrams Eirelevant measurements of items related to apparatus table of experimental equipment used refer to this in procedure but place table in appendix UCSDmade equipment receives a descriptive name and its origin UCSD is mentioned dept requirement Procedure step by step organization Procedure should be explained in enough detail to allow another researcher to duplicate your experiment tElCarefully document the conditions of your experiment 3 Calibrations used 3 Methods used to obtain data 21 Procedure editing worksheet Area Question YIN Comments Content 1 Does the writer state the location of the experiment 2 Does the writer describe the apparatus or experimental setup 3 Is the procedure described in enough detail without adding irrelevant information Organization 1 Are there enough informative headings 2 Does the section have clear paragraphs covering one topic Language 1 Does the writer avoid the use of quotwequot and use the passive voice 2 Does the writer avoid mechanical and grammatical errors eg dangling modifiers 22 Results You are answering the question llbWhat did you find and see Write this section so that it stands on it s own Emphasize results that answer the questions you are examining Put secondary results after primary ones Don t repeat in the numbers that are presented in the tables and figures in the text Don t repeat the table and figure titles in the text Include error analysis 23 Results editing worksheet Area Question Y N Comments Content 1 Does the writer use a location elementsummary with figure numbers to introduce a gure 2 Are appropriate results highlighted ie those speci ed in the lab handout 3 Are appropriate explanations of results provided without going into detail about larger conclusions Organization 1 Are enough informative headings used 2 Does the section have clear paragraphs covering one topic Language 1 Does the writer use a variety ofverbs in the location summaries eg shows indicates provides etc 2 Does the writer use concise but speci c language 3 Does the writer avoid grammatical and mechanical errors 24 Discussion In this section you are answering the question quotDWhat do your findings mean This section is where you answer specific questions you stated in the introduction Discuss errors in your methods and assumptions Avoid the temptation to refer to every detail of your work again 25 Discussion Restatement of significant results in a more general format then lleiting agreement or disagreement with theory lleiting agreement or disagreement with previous studies lledmitting difficulties in interpretation lleointing out discrepancies llery to explain anomalous results lleommentary on whether results are expected or unexpected lleommentary about the significance or implications of the results 26


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