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by: Alfreda Hodkiewicz


Alfreda Hodkiewicz
GPA 3.97


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Class Notes
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Alfreda Hodkiewicz on Thursday October 22, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to GER 5 at University of California Santa Barbara taught by Staff in Fall. Since its upload, it has received 30 views. For similar materials see /class/226875/ger-5-university-of-california-santa-barbara in German at University of California Santa Barbara.




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Date Created: 10/22/15
German 5 Winter 2002 READING TIPS Far from being a passive skill reading is in fact an active process in which readers relate information in the text to what they already know Knowledge of the language allows readers to identify the printed words and sentences Knowledge of the world allows them to comprehend these words and sentences Good readers read for meaning They do not decode each letter or each word Instead they take in chunks of the text and relate it to what they already know You the learner are the most important factor in learning to read German Whatever the outcome it will be determined by what you yourself contribute to this process You will learn to read faster and enjoy reading German more if you adopt some of the good reader strategies that are described here Since people learn to read in different ways you should experiment with these techniques to see which ones work best for you Approach the text as if you know something about it Everyone knows that it is easier to read about familiar topics This is especially true when you read in a foreign language because familiarity with the topic helps you to guess the meaning of unfamiliar words Before you start reading ask yourself what you know about the topic For instance if you know something about German reuni cation your knowledge will help you anticipate some of the information in a text about reunification e g Kaleidoskop Kapitel 3 This in turn will make it easier for you to guess what some of the unfamiliar words mean Look at the title A title will often tell you what the article is about and will help you anticipate its content For example the title of a text in Kaleidoskop Doch es gibt auch nette Wessis Yes there are also nice Westerners implies that Westerners are not generally thought to be nice but that the article will attempt to refute the idea You can also think about what you know of the situation and then read the article to check if you were right Look at the format Sometimes the format will tell you what sort of a text you are looking at a document a schedule an advertisement a poem a chart graph or table a letter a travel guide an interview a survey or poll a biography a song a short story etc You can then decide how best to read it and what kind of information to look for Keep on reading It pays to be patient Don t reach for the dictionary as soon as you see an unfamiliar word Read the whole sentence or the entire paragraph The meaning of the unfamiliar word may become obvious from context and you may conclude that you have comprehended enough not to have to look it up For example a text in Kaleidoskop reads Uberall wurde das Leben teurer Preise ir Lebensmittel Verkehrsmittel und Mieten stiegen Everywhere life got more expensive 7 prices for groceries means of transportation and rent Even if you do not know what the word German 5 Winter 2002 stiegen means you might guess that if everything is more expensive prices must have risen Settle for an approximate meaning of a word Sometimes context will help to infer the approximate meaning of an unfamiliar word Consider the sentence in a text in Kaleidoskop Der Anfn39hrer lebt soviel ich wei hente als Holz iller im Wald As far as I know the leader now lives in the woods as a You know that the person lives in the woods Does it really matter what exactly he does there Look for cognates from Tre jzunkt Deutsch pages 43 75 112 German and English are closely related languages many words are so close to their English equivalents that you can easily guess their meanings e g die Mutter der Vater die Tochter der Brnder lung lant saner dumm die Butter der Apfel der Ifeffer das Bier You will be able to add many German words to your vocabulary by recognizing the pattems they follow Germanfor is Englishp eg scharf das Schiff German b is English v orf eg das Fieber halb German d t ortt is English th eg das Ding dick tansend die Mutter Look for familiar elements in words German uses prefixes roots and suffixes as wordbuilding blocks There is only a small number of pre xes and suffixes so it is helpful to know their approximate meaning Consider the word dnrchschanbar If you know that the root schan means to see the prefix dnrch means through and the suffix bar indicates that this is an adjective meaning able then you should have no trouble inferring that dnrchschanbar means transparent detectable obvious easily discoverable Look for the subject and the verb of the sentence and pay attention to important case endings In German the verb often appears at the end of a sentence or clause In addition the subject is not always the first noun or pronoun in a sentence or clause For example Er sagt dass ihm seine Mntterjeden AbendMiirchen erzt39ihlt H e says that his mother tells him fairy tales every evening The best way to approach the second clause after Er sagt is to look for the verb and the subject rst This means that you should look for a noun in the nominative case seine Mutter and a verb that is conjugated according to this noun erzt39ihlt The indirect object ihm is in the dative case and cannot be the subject even though it immediately follows dass Look at the organization of the text Most texts are organized in a logical way description comparison problemsolution episode causeeffect and chronological sequence Knowing how a particular text is organized facilitates comprehension For instance you can anticipate that an article entitled quotFreizeit in verschiedenen Knltnrenquot Leisure time in ali erent cultures will compare leisure times in different cultures This in turn will help you to comprehend the text better and to expect comparisons German 5 Winter 2002 Look for discourse markers Texts usually contain words that indicate relationships between and among ideas Such words include enumerators erstens in the first place zweitens in the second place chronological markers zuerst first dann then contrast indicators jedoch aber however andererseits on the other hand summarizers zusammenfassend to sum up zum Schluss finally and so on These discourse markers help anticipate what might follow For instance if you see the adverb andererseits on the other hand you can expect two or more opposing arguments Look for words that refer to other words Passages usually contain words or phrases that refer to something that was mentioned earlier This is usually done by means of pronouns and synonyms You may have to look back in the text to check what they refer to For instance consider the following sentence in a text in Kaleidoskop Ein Zimmer das zu einer Wohmmg gehiirt die Wohmmg gehiirt einer F amilie und wer immer diese Mensch en sein werden ich werde ihnen dankbar sein wenn ich die Wt39irme ihrer Wohmmg mit ihnen teilen kann A room M belongs to an apartment the apartment belongs to a family and whoever these people will be I will be grateful to M when I can share the warmth of M apartment with M In this sentence das refers to das Zimmer the room ihnen ihrer and ihnen refer to diese Menschen these people WRITING TIPS Most learners find that strategies that helped them succeed when writing in their native language can also serve them well when writing in a foreign language Be clear Writing is different from speaking because in speaking situations the listener is present and can ask for clari cations Writers on the other hand have to be explicit because the reader is not present Keep the reader in mind Even though the writer and the reader are separated from each other by time and space writing is a communicative activity Writers have to keep their readers in mind The tone and style of your writing will depend on who your audience is ie whether you should use the informal du the formal Sie or the impersonal man Brainstorm Before you start writing jot down your ideas about the topic Write about what you know best e g if appropriate your personal experiences and ideas Organize Make an outline of the main ideas and supporting details or arguments you want to include Once you have them in place add an introduction and a conclusion All the


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