Developmental Notes Week 7
Developmental Notes Week 7 PSYC 3120
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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Ashlyn Masters on Thursday March 24, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to PSYC 3120 at Auburn University taught by Elizabeth Brestan Knight in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 20 views. For similar materials see Developmental Psychology in Psychlogy at Auburn University.
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Date Created: 03/24/16
Chapter 11- Adolescence: Physical and Cognitive Development 3/22/16 Terms Focused on in Development Video • Meta-Cognition o Self-knowledge for your own thinking process § Leads to better study habits and study skills § They can understand when they actually know something o Leads to the ability to monitor your thinking process • Adolescent Egocentrism o State of self absorption in which the world is viewed from one’s own point of view o Leads adolescents to find faults in other people • Imaginary Audience o Always “onstage” o Think they are the focus of everybody’s attention o Sensitive to public criticism • Personal Fables o Think experiences are unique o Think no one understands what they’re going through- especially parents Puberty • Puberty for girls starts two years earlier than boys (11-12 for girls and 13-14 for boys) • Maturation for boys o Early maturation can be a positive event for males o Early maturation can involve risk of delinquency o Late maturation can lead to low self esteem • Maturation for girls o Early maturation is mixed o Late maturation may be positive (high self esteem, “leggy”) Body Image • Conception of and attitude toward their physical appearance • What is an eating disorder? à girls AND boys • Who gets eating disorders? • The importance of body image Chapter 13- Adolescence: Physical and Cognitive Development 3/24/16 Demographics of Higher Education • Alabama Census o 70% White o 25% African American o 1.7% Hispanic o 0.7% Asian o 0.3% Native American • Auburn o 83% White o 8.2% African American o 1.9% Hispanic o 1.7% Asian o 0.6% Native American • 40% graduate in 4 years; 30% never graduate; 30%eventually graduate • Higher drop-out rate for African American students (up to 70%) • Minority students are increasing in enrollment o African American students will increase by 13% (mostly females) o Hispanic students will increase by 22% o Caucasian students will increase by 6% • Currently more women than men enrolled in college (133/100 for degrees) • From 1995-2007 (women’s enrollment increased 30%; men’s enrollment increased 13%) • William Perry o Dualistic thinking: first year student thinking; things are right or wrong o Multiple thinking: towards the end of college career; students realize there are multiple theories- there’s not one true theory • Benefits of college attendance o Self-understanding o Enhanced self esteem o Firmer sense of identity • Type of college does not matter o Personal involvement o Diversity of campus setting o Residential living • Trends in Undergraduate Education o Problem-based learning: working in teams during class working on problems together o Service-learning: some didactic lectures then the students go out and volunteer in the community to apply what you’ve learned; then the student writes a paper at the end of the semester o Community and civic engagement minor o Learning communities: a group of students taking the same classes for a semester or two • Money talks o 3% of adults with college education live below the poverty line o High school drop outs are 10x more likely to live in poverty • Gender and grades o Gender differences in grades reflect powerful effect of gender stereotypes § Ability does not account for drastic differences § Men more likely to view themselves as above average In class guests • Megan- 14 o 8 grade- catholic school in Montgomery o Plays soccer o “Everyone saw something you did” – dropped water everywhere in front of everyone o Grease stain example- run to the car and look for a jacket o Risky behaviors- little fights in social gatherings (ex: pep rally), usually the “popular” kids o 7 graders that look like 5 year olds but also have people who are super tall o Cliques- “populars” (two guy groups and two girl groups), her group (soccer group, band group), “lower” group (mean, very cliquey), “super, super smart people” o Anxiety level right now- 5 o Graduate high school, come to Auburn and get an elementary education degree, wants to be a special-ed teacher o Uniforms- trends in necklaces and other jewelry o Has a friend who never brings lunch to school- so maybe an eating disorder o Depression? Depends on the day but usually just sad from stressors o Dating? Confused- talks for a while with a boy then he doesn’t talk for a week o Sometimes hard to focus on boring things in class o Find a wallet in the street on mom’s birthday- try to find out whose it is, would feel guilty if she took the money • Strickland- 14 th o 8 grade- generic middle school in Trussville (Birmingham) o Cross country and lacrosse, likes cross country better o Grease stain example- turn shirt inside out o Risky behaviors- he and his friend are very “exuberant in public gatherings” § Voices become 10x louder § Something more that will remain undescribed in front of mom o Best friend is 6’1”- everyone makes jokes about it o Cliques- “athletic group”, two divisions (popular and not-so popular), lots of mingling, “gamers”, “nerds”, “geeks” o Anxiety level right now- 6 o Wants to do something with engineering, probably aerospace engineering o Can’t see any clothing trends o He and his friends have high metabolisms o Depression? There’s an “emo” group o Dating? “Forever alone” o Little brother (11) has ADHD o Find a wallet in the street on mom’s birthday- see if there’s a license or contact number and try to contact the person but if he can’t find the person, he’d keep the money • Liz- 15 o 10 grade- Christian private school in Athens, GA o Head of video editing for sports management o “Everyone saw something you did” – every time you fall o Grease stain example- wouldn’t care o No risky behaviors o Being tall is a benefit- they get signed more (for athletics) o Cliques- mainly by sport, but don’t have titles o Anxiety level right now- 5 o Wants to continue video editing in college o Uniforms o No eating disorders that she knows of o Depression? Depends on the people; there’s always people but they don’t “pick them out” o Dating? No one o Some people have ADHD but they have accommodations o Find a wallet in the street on mom’s birthday- leave it there