INTRO ENVIR STUDIES
INTRO ENVIR STUDIES ENV S 1
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This 6 page Class Notes was uploaded by Lois Effertz on Thursday October 22, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to ENV S 1 at University of California Santa Barbara taught by Staff in Fall. Since its upload, it has received 15 views. For similar materials see /class/227076/env-s-1-university-of-california-santa-barbara in Environmental Studies at University of California Santa Barbara.
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Date Created: 10/22/15
Announcements 9272011 83500 PM Environmental Studies Program 19702012 42 years a T an 339 Eric Zimmerman AcademicInternship Coordinaor i Bren Hall Rm 4312 zimmermanesucsbedu Sheriseamp Allison ES Student Peer Advisors i Bren Hall Rm 4313 ES Website wwwesucsbedu Located 4th Floor Cren Hall Student Study LoungeComputer RoomLibrary ES Information Meetings i ES Program s New Major Meeting ii Thursday Oct 13quot 500630 pm Bren 4016 ES Internship Info Meeting i Thursday Sept 29 500600 Bren 4016 ENVS 190 Lecture Series on Environmental Careers i Wed 5615 pm Chem 1179 ii 1 unit Sign up for ESMAIL Eric Zimmerman s Lecture 9272011 83500 PM Eric Zimmerman s Lecture Environmental Studies Complex Problems Full hour long lecture available online Natural physical Biological Social Cultural Political Historical and Economic Coupled HumanNatural systems more complex Compounding of compexity Multiple levels inputs combineinteract We didn t see them coming Unanticipated Consequences Robert Merton American Sociological Review 1936 Basic Point Human systems complex thus Unanticipated outcomes just important as purposive ones Local Story Eagles Foxes Pugs amp People Prof William Freudenburg httpvimeocom22094038 Era 1994 Present Villians Golden Eagles Pigs Ranchers Chemical Company amp Parking lots Heros Bald Eagle Researchers National Park Service Conservationists amp Politicians Location California Channel Islands Main Character Island fox Urocyonlittoralis Isolatednative to 6 of 8 CA Channel Islds Cousin Gray Fox Small in size 12 to 13 inches high three to five pounds cat Top dog in island food chain with no natural predators Population stable going back 16000 years Located on 6 of the 8 CA Channel Islands Plot Island fox almost went extinct in 6 years 1994 there were 3000 foxes on three northern islands By 2001 less than 250 still alive Why Yes humans are responsible No not direct human pressure Islands controlled by National Park Service San Catalina does fit Expectations 3000 residents million tourists Canine distemper brought to island Instead Three stories interactions DDT international Los Angeles Sprawl regional Agriculture on the Islands oldest most localized Story 1 Malaria amp DDT Wipes out insects especially mosquitos chlorinated hydrocarbon highly toxic to insects low toxicity for humans widely used in WWII often called miracle pesticide after WWII increasing use to protect humans and crops eventually 675000 tons applied to US DDT PBT Bioaccumulates in Food Chain DDT is a nasty chemical classified PBTs Lasts a long time in the environment BioaccumulationBiomagnification food chain DDT build up in tissues half life 15 years Overall up to 200000 1 at highest level or eagles enough to weaken eggshells DDT Thinning of Bird Egg Shells Loss of birds traditional environmental impacts first order unanticipated consequences Intended control insects Unintended weaken bird egg shells Impact to Channel Islands Large Bald Eagle Population Montrose Chem Co plant LA dumped DDT into ocean gt1800 tons Loss of Bald eagles the first unanticipated consequence of DDT second order reactions to lstorder impacts 30 years later eagles recovering Story 2 Los Angeles Sprawl presprawl LA prime habitat for Golden Eagles LA today better habitat for automobiles GoldenBald Eagles rarely share territory Bald Eagles eat fish and dead things Golden Eagles eat live rodents Story 3 Agriculture on Islands 1800 s farmingranching on islands Claire ranch 1880 Animals introduces including pigs which escaped became feral Feral pigs piglets excellent prey for Golden but no Bald Eagles Unlike Bald Eagles Golden Eagles also prey on foxes Secondand Higherorder consequences PreDDT Bald Eagles kept out Golden Eagles NOTE No one story endangered foxes 1DDT wiped out native Eagle populations Human response to 1 DDT banned Intended Eagles start to recover 2 LA sprawl squeezed out Golden Eagles Channel Islands more appealing to them 3 1880 Ranching brought feral pigs Key causes of environmental problems 1 We didn t see them coming a humannatural systems complex interconnected most expertise specialized analysis not synthesis Key sources of environmental solutions Someone did see them and did something about it Often someone with scientific knowledge Gary Roemer UC scientific study started 1993 Santa Cruz Island Reported problem Response Heroes New layer of human response National Park Service Captive breeding program fox Remove Golden Eagles took five years Remove Feral Pigs 5000 on Santa Cruz alone Reintroduce Bald Eagles then Foxes Now though looks like success story In 2009 last captive breeding shut down ongoing monitoring Morals to the stories Eagles Foxes Pigs and People Problem unanticipated might have been missed Studentscientist spotted figured out spoke out Organizations responded planned acted adapted Lecture 2 9272011 83500 PM Foresight Capability o The Ability of Nations To 0 Identify longrange trends population growth resource use environmental change etc and analyze how these trends interact over time 0 Making awareness of these long range trends multiple impacting trends an integral part of the current policy and decision making process o In short foresight capability is no prediction it is a process for bringing better information into the decision making process The Environmental Policy Paradox c We often understand what the best short and longterm solutions to environmental problems are yet the task of implementing these solutions is either left undone or is completed too late o Commoner s Four Laws of Ecology o 1 Everything is connected to everything 0 2 Everything must go somewhere o 3 Nature knows best 0 4 There is no such thing as a free lunch 0 And Number 5 o Nature Bats Last
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