INTRO EXPER PSYCH
INTRO EXPER PSYCH PSY 7
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This 1 page Class Notes was uploaded by Nellie Runte on Thursday October 22, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to PSY 7 at University of California Santa Barbara taught by D. Sherman in Fall. Since its upload, it has received 17 views. For similar materials see /class/227101/psy-7-university-of-california-santa-barbara in Psychlogy at University of California Santa Barbara.
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Date Created: 10/22/15
Psych 7 Chapter 1 11 Introduction to Research Methodology Pseudoscience A set of ideas often presented as science but actually based on a nonscientific theory 12 Methods of Knowing and Acquiring Knowledge Methods of acquiring knowledge Are ways in which a person can know things or discover answers to questions To appreciate the scientific method we begin with five nonscientific approaches I 9 J P Iquot The method of tenacity Involves holding on to ideas and beliefs simply because they have been accepted as facts for a long time or because of superstition The method of intuition Information is accepted as true because it llfeels rightquot The method of authority A person finds answers by seeking out an authority on the subject a Method of faith A variant on the method of authority in which people have unquestioning trust in the authority figure and therefore accept information from the authority without doubt or challenge The rational method Also known as rationalism Involves seeking answers by logical reasoning a In logical reasoning premise statements describe facts or assumptions that are presumed to be true b An argument is a set of premise statements that are logically combined to yield a conclusion The method of empiricism Attempts to answer questions by direct observation or personal experience REMEMBER TARE 13 The Scienti c Method The scientific method It is an approach to acquire knowledge that involves formulating specific questions and then systematically finding answers The steps of the scientific method 1 Observe behavior or otherphenomena The scientific method often begins with casual or informal observations Initial observations could be the result of your own personal experience and might involve watching the behavior of other people or monitoring of your own behavior 3 Induction or inductive reasoning involves using a relatively small set of specific observations as the basis for forming a general statement about a larger set of possible observations
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