New User Special Price Expires in

Let's log you in.

Sign in with Facebook


Don't have a StudySoup account? Create one here!


Create a StudySoup account

Be part of our community, it's free to join!

Sign up with Facebook


Create your account
By creating an account you agree to StudySoup's terms and conditions and privacy policy

Already have a StudySoup account? Login here

Chapter 10 Notes

by: Megan Standiford

Chapter 10 Notes PSYC 3014

Megan Standiford
Virginia Tech
GPA 2.7

Preview These Notes for FREE

Get a free preview of these Notes, just enter your email below.

Unlock Preview
Unlock Preview

Preview these materials now for free

Why put in your email? Get access to more of this material and other relevant free materials for your school

View Preview

About this Document

Part of the material for the next exam.
Abnormal Psychology
Dr. John Richey
Class Notes
Abnormal psychology, Psychology
25 ?




Popular in Abnormal Psychology

Popular in Psychlogy

This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Megan Standiford on Thursday March 24, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to PSYC 3014 at Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University taught by Dr. John Richey in Winter 2016. Since its upload, it has received 10 views. For similar materials see Abnormal Psychology in Psychlogy at Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University.

Similar to PSYC 3014 at Virginia Tech

Popular in Psychlogy


Reviews for Chapter 10 Notes


Report this Material


What is Karma?


Karma is the currency of StudySoup.

You can buy or earn more Karma at anytime and redeem it for class notes, study guides, flashcards, and more!

Date Created: 03/24/16
Chapter 10 What is a personality disorder?  2 defining features o Patient had extreme interpersonal difficulties o Patient has problems with sense-of-self (his/her identity)  Was coded on "Axis II" in DSM 4 o In DSM 5, no "axes" at all anymore  3 clusters of personality disorders o Odd/eccentric- A o Dramatic/erratic- B o Anxious/fearful- C  Clinical features o The prevalence of personality disorders is fairly high  Approx. 13% in the general population o Rampant comorbidity  Comorbidity is the rule, not the exception  Both within-axis and across-axis o PD patients almost never present for treatment complaining of PD  Stable over time  Inflexible across situations  Onset in adolescence or early adulthood Cluster A  Odd/eccentric  A pattern of interpersonally odd, or overtly bizarre behaviors  Paranoid Personality Disorder o Clinical features  First off- this is NOT paranoid schizophrenia  Pervasive mistrust  Preoccupation with trustworthiness of others  Preoccupation with real or imagined insults/threats  Quarrelsomeness/hostility  Patients underlying assumption is that others are malevolent (out to get them) o Differential diagnosis  How is this different from paranoid schizophrenia?  Schizoid Personality Disorder o Again, not the same thing as schizophrenia o DSM 5 Criteria  Pattern of detachment from social relationships  Patient neither desires not enjoys social relationships  Emotionally indifferent or cold  Not better accounted for by schizophrenia o Distinguished from other Cluster A by  Prominence of social/interpersonal deficits  Absence of cognitive/perceptual distortions  Schizotypal Personality disorder o Again, not eh same thing as schizophrenia o DSM 5 Criteria  Social/interpersonal deficits with cognitive or perceptual distortions  Odd beliefs  Suspiciousness or paranoid ideation  Not better accounted for by schizophrenia  No hallucinations of delusions o Behavioral syndrome that represents the genetic liability for schizophrenia o Depending on life events, Schizotypal PD may progress to schizophrenia Cluster B  Dramatic/erratic  Histrionic personality Disorder o Clinical features  Superficially dramatic  Manipulative and shallow  Insatiably attention-seeking o Secondary features  Self image is gregarious  Cognitive style is flighty o DSM 5 Criteria  Patient is uncomfortable in situations where he/she is not the center of attention  Inappropriate provocative or sexually seductive behavior  Rapidly shifting and shallow expression of emotion  Considers relationships to be more intimate than they actually are  Narcissistic Personality Disorder o Clinical features  Excessive self love  Grandiose fantasy  Desire for uniqueness o Characterized by excessive  Grandiosity  Lack of empathy  Feelings of superiority  Demands immediate compliance from others o Two forms  Overt:  Oblivious, outwardly grandiose  Covert:  Hypersensitive to evaluation by others, inhibited, outwardly modest o What's underneath?  The "vulnerable narcissist"  Antisocial Personality Disorder o "Psychopath" o Clinical Features  Intelligence, Superficial Charm  Callous, unemotional traits  Lack of empathy, remorse o DSM 5 Criteria  Impairments in self-functioning  Egocentrism  Goals based on personal gratification  Impairments in interpersonal functioning  Lack of empathy  Lack of intimacy o Often times, these traits can be seen early in development o Severe childhood conduct disorder is thought to be a precursor to ASPD o Psychopathy is a juxtaposition of severe underlying pathology against the overt appearance of mental health o "Cleckley Psychopath"  The "successful" psychopaths who live among us  Borderline Personality Disorder o Pervasive pattern of instability in social relationships o Frantic efforts to avoid real or imagined abandonment o Profound emotional reactivity o The term "borderline" is an antiquated and outdated term o Originally meant to refer to the 'border' between neurosis and psychosis o Highly comorbid  Depression  Substance dependence o Sense of emptiness  Lack of identity o Idealization or devaluation of friends/family  "splitting" - when patient o "stormy" interpersonal relationships o Internal emotional turmoil  Emotional "lability" o Sometimes accompanied by extreme behaviors  Cutting  Self injury  Excessive sexuality o Suicide attempts can be attempts to manipulate others  However, rates of suicide are elevated in BPD o Key Question  Why might a disorder characterized by instability result in these kinds of behaviors?  These behaviors are attempts to regulate negative emotions Cluster C  A pervasive pattern of inhibited/fearful behaviors  Anxious/Fearful  Pervasive pattern of social inhibition  Limited social relationships o Patient desires to have relationships  Avoidant Personality Disorder o What axis 1 disorder does this remind you of?  Social Anxiety Disorder  DSM 5 criteria Social inhibition   Feelings of inadequacy  Fear of negative evaluation  Patient will also avoid "positive' or novel situations  Not just situations where the possibility of negative evaluation is high  Dependent Personality Disorder o Pervasive and excessive need to be taken care of o Leads to  Submissive behavior  "clingy-ness"  Fears of separation o Clinical features  Some empirical association with overprotective parenting o A unique problem in therapy  The patient can develop dependence on the therapist  Therefore, part of the treatment is to promote independence from the therapist  Obsessive compulsive personality disorder o A pervasive pattern of preoccupation with orderliness perfectionism, and control o Comes at the expense of efficiency, interpersonal flexibility, and openness o Not the same thing as OCD o OCPD patients typically do not have ritualistic behaviors or true obsessions o Clinical features  Intellectual rigidity  Inability to relax  Moralistic/dogmatic/rude  Intense drive to avoid being "wrong"


Buy Material

Are you sure you want to buy this material for

25 Karma

Buy Material

BOOM! Enjoy Your Free Notes!

We've added these Notes to your profile, click here to view them now.


You're already Subscribed!

Looks like you've already subscribed to StudySoup, you won't need to purchase another subscription to get this material. To access this material simply click 'View Full Document'

Why people love StudySoup

Jim McGreen Ohio University

"Knowing I can count on the Elite Notetaker in my class allows me to focus on what the professor is saying instead of just scribbling notes the whole time and falling behind."

Anthony Lee UC Santa Barbara

"I bought an awesome study guide, which helped me get an A in my Math 34B class this quarter!"

Steve Martinelli UC Los Angeles

"There's no way I would have passed my Organic Chemistry class this semester without the notes and study guides I got from StudySoup."

Parker Thompson 500 Startups

"It's a great way for students to improve their educational experience and it seemed like a product that everybody wants, so all the people participating are winning."

Become an Elite Notetaker and start selling your notes online!

Refund Policy


All subscriptions to StudySoup are paid in full at the time of subscribing. To change your credit card information or to cancel your subscription, go to "Edit Settings". All credit card information will be available there. If you should decide to cancel your subscription, it will continue to be valid until the next payment period, as all payments for the current period were made in advance. For special circumstances, please email


StudySoup has more than 1 million course-specific study resources to help students study smarter. If you’re having trouble finding what you’re looking for, our customer support team can help you find what you need! Feel free to contact them here:

Recurring Subscriptions: If you have canceled your recurring subscription on the day of renewal and have not downloaded any documents, you may request a refund by submitting an email to

Satisfaction Guarantee: If you’re not satisfied with your subscription, you can contact us for further help. Contact must be made within 3 business days of your subscription purchase and your refund request will be subject for review.

Please Note: Refunds can never be provided more than 30 days after the initial purchase date regardless of your activity on the site.