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by: Filiberto Beahan


Marketplace > University of Central Florida > Latin > LAT 1120 > ELE LATIN LANGUAGE CIV I
Filiberto Beahan
University of Central Florida
GPA 3.81


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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Filiberto Beahan on Thursday October 22, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to LAT 1120 at University of Central Florida taught by Staff in Fall. Since its upload, it has received 18 views. For similar materials see /class/227533/lat-1120-university-of-central-florida in Latin at University of Central Florida.

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Date Created: 10/22/15
i 120 in a Nut Shell Present Indicative In Spanish there are far er and fir verbs To conjugate a regular verb in the present indicative you must first take off the ar er or fir and add the appropriate endings ar verbs er verbs ir verbs o amos o emos o imos as es es a an e en e en remember there are loads of irregular verbs in the present indicative You must review these They can be found throughout chapters 16 of your text Some key ones are dar to give day das da damos dan ir to go voy vas va vamos van estar estoy estas esta estamos estan ser soy eres es somos son YOGO verbs have go in the yo form decir to tell digo Hacer hago tener to have tengo Venir to come vengo Stem changers in the Present Indicative There are three ways to stem change in Spanish E lE E91 and O UE Some examples are found in chapter 3 of the text Remember verbs do not stemchange in the nosotros form The only stemchanger that doesn t come under one of these is jugar which changes u ue E9IE empezar to begin preferir to prefer entender to understsand Empezar empiezo empiezas empieza empezamos empiezan Preferir pre ero pre eres prefgre preferimos pre eren Entender entiendo entiendes entiende entendemos entienden EI seguir to follow re ir to quarrel pedir to ask for Seguir sigo sigues sigue seguimos siguen Re ir ri o rifles ri e re imos ri imos Pedir pido pides pide pedimos piden O9UE dormir to sleep volver to return Dormir dyrmo dyrmes dyrme dormimos dErmen Volver vylvo vglves vylve volvemos vglven Tener Expressions These are found in chapter 2 There are some phrases that you have to remember to use tener with even though in English you would use to be Watch out for these Tener t0 havetengo tienes tiene tenemos tienen Tener calor to be hot N0 tener raz n to be wrong Tener hambre to be hungry Tener frio to be cold Tener miedo to be afraid Tener sed to be thirsty Tener cuidado to be careful Tener sue o to be tired Tener raz n to be right Tener prisa to be in a hurry Estar vs Ser These are found in chapter 3 Both of these verbs mean to be but there are different contexts in which these are used Estar estoy estas esta estamos estan Location temporary conditions emotions unusual description present progressive estar ando iendo estoy jugando I am playing estas comiendo You are eating Ser soy eres es somos son Time date descriptions inherent conditions origin religion location of events Conocer vs Saber These are found in chapter 4 Both of these verbs mean to know but there are different contexts in which they are used Remember that you must use the personal a with conocer if one is knowing a person Conocer conozco conoces conoce conocemos conocen to know or be familiar with a person place or thing Conozco a Luis I know Luis Conocemos Paris We arefamiliar with Paris Saber se sabes sabe sabemos saben to know information and to know how to do something Se que alos mas alos son cuatro Iknow that 2 2 is 4 Sabes bailar bien You know how to dance well Formal Commands Chapter 4 You use formal commands when giving a command to someone with whom you would use Ud To form the formal command you put the verb in the yo form take off the m and add the endings below If the command is to more than one person remember to add an in er ir e emos a amos es as e en a an Habl mas alto Talk loualer Tengan cuialaalo Be careful Pida la cuenta Ask for the check Don t forget those verbs that end in iCAR GAR and 7ZAR These have the same endings but the iCAR verb changes to iQU the IAR verb changes to IU and the 7ZAR verb changes to Q Lleguen temprano a clase Arrive early to class Empiece la leccionl Begin the lesson Toque la guitarra ahora Play the guitar now Re exive Verbs Chapter 5 Re exive verbs are those that have the same person doing and receiving the action I shave my legs the person shaving is the same person being shaved The re exive pronoun always matches the subject of the sentence and the conjugation of the verb The pronoun must go before the conjugated verb attached to the infinitive attached to the present progressive estar ando iendo attached to the positive formal command or before the negative formal command Re exive Pronouns Common Re exive Verbs and examples Me Nos afeitarse ba arse mirarse peinarse Te Me afeito cada ma ana Nos miramos en el espejo Se Se Te ba as cada ma ana Se peina el pelo Direct Objects Chapter 4 Remember the direct object answers the question who or what For example in English to find the direct object in the sentence I buy the car I buy what The car The Car is the direct object En espa ol Compro el ca1ro El carro is still the DO So in order to say I buy it you say Lo compro The placement of the DO pronouns are the same as for re exive pronouns Remember that you cannot have both the DO pronoun and the D0 in the same sentence Direct Object Pronouns Me 9 me Nos 9 us Te 9 you LoLa 9 him her It You form Los las 9 them you all form Indirect Objects Chapter 5 The IO answers the question to whom or for whom For example in English to nd the IO in the sentence I buy the carfor Maria I buy the car for whom For Maria Maria is the IO En espa ol Le compro el carro aM aria If you have an IO you must have the IO pronoun in the sentence Lack of IO pronoun is incorrect Again the same rules apply for the placement of the IO pronouns as the DO pronouns and the Re exive pronouns Indirect Object Pronouns Me 9 to for me Nos 9 to for us Te 9 to for you Le 9 to for himher Les 9 to for them You form You all form Double Object Pronouns Chapter 6 To form the Double Object Pronouns you follow the same rules stated for previous pronouns and the IO goes before the DO pronoun For example in the sentence I buy the car for you you say Te lo compro But if you see that both the DO pronoun and the IO pronouns are going to start with 1 you must change the IO pronoun to se So if the sentence was I buy the car for Maria you say Le lo compro But you cannot have two pronouns that begin with 1 so you change le to se and make it Se lo compro Gustar Chapter 6 Gustar means that something is pleasing to somebody With gustar you use the IO pronouns You only conjugate gustar in the third person singular el ellaUd and plural ellos ellas Uds forms Use gusta if the thing that is pleasing is singilar or an action and gistan if the thing that is pleasing is plural Me la camisa roja Te Le gusta el perro chiquito Nos Les bailar Me las camisas rojas Te Le gustan los perros chiquitos Nos Les las profesoras puertorrique as Other verbs that are similar to gustar are faltar quedar interesar encantar caer bien caer mal Regglar Preterit Chapter 6 Preterit is a verb that is r39 J in the past The endings are below ar verbs er verbs ir verbs e amos 139 imos aste iste o aron io ieron


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