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U.S. History 1492

by: Bernita Kautzer

U.S. History 1492 AMH 2010

Bernita Kautzer
University of Central Florida
GPA 3.86

Michelle Adams

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Michelle Adams
Class Notes
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Bernita Kautzer on Thursday October 22, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to AMH 2010 at University of Central Florida taught by Michelle Adams in Fall. Since its upload, it has received 16 views. For similar materials see /class/227594/amh-2010-university-of-central-florida in History at University of Central Florida.

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Date Created: 10/22/15
Chapter 2 Review What kind of trade routes existed in Europe between the 12th century and 15th century All the goods traveled overland from Persia Asia Minor India and Africa and then were funneled into continental Europe through Mediterranean trade routes What factors encouraged Europeans to begin looking for new trade routes in the 15th century The black plague reduced the population and made food more plentiful Many survivors inherited property which gave them new chances for advancement There were also technological and scientific advances Why did the Portuguese play a key role in European exploration Portugal s explorations broke the monopoly of the old Mediterranean trade with the east dramatically expanded the world know to Europeans established a network of Portuguese outposts in Africa and Asia and developed methods of sailing the high seas that Columbus employed in his voyage west Why did Columbus believe that Asia could be reached easily by a westward route and what was the significance of his voyage He believed that the world was a sphere and that theoretically it was possible to reach the East Indies by sailing west After his discovery the European s understanding of world geography underwent a revolution Did Columbus39s initial discoveries live up to Spanish hope and expectations What was the value of his discoveries His initial discoveries didn t live up to Spanish hope because it wasn t the lndies or filled with riches The value of his discoveries was a New World What impact did Columbus39sjourneys have on Europeans39 understanding of the geography of the world They realized that there was much to be discovered On what land had Spain established settlement prior to Cortes39s expedition to Mexico and why did Cortes go to Mexico in 1519 The expeditions had established settlements on the large islands of Hispaniola Puerto Rico Jamaica and Cuba Cortes marched through Mexico searching for a fabulously wealthy kingdom in the interior of the mainland that there had been rumors about What methods did Spain use to rule its New World colonies in the 16th century Spain claimed ownership and gave them permission to explore and plunder The crown took onefifth royal fifth of any loot confiscated and allowed them to divide the rest How did Martin Luther initiate the Protestant Reformation What doctrine did he preach and how did it threaten the established church Martin Luther posted his 95 theses pointing out the flaws in the Catholic Church It threatened the church because he called them frauds and many people followed what he was saying How did New World treasure affect the Spanish monarchy and people The treasure made the monarchy rich and powerful and then they spent most of their revenues on constant warfare and ended up having to borrow money from European bankers In the 16th century what did France and England do to try to imitate Spanish colonization in the New World Was either country as successful as Spain Both nations warred with Span in Europe preyed on Spanish treasure fleets and ventured to the New World where they too hoped to find an undiscovered passageway to the East Indies or another Mexico or Peru


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