Class Notes Chapters 15, 16, 17
Class Notes Chapters 15, 16, 17 HY 104-320 Cindy Jones
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This 4 page One Day of Notes was uploaded by Allie Newman on Wednesday January 14, 2015. The One Day of Notes belongs to HY 104-320 Cindy Jones at University of Alabama - Tuscaloosa taught by Cindy Alyce Jon Jones in Spring2015. Since its upload, it has received 118 views.
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Date Created: 01/14/15
Allie Newman HY 104 Class Notes 11415 Chapters 15 16 and 17 Freedmen39s Bureau Distributed food to former slaves and poor whites Established schools Made modest efforts to settle blacks on lands of their own Transformation from dependency to independency idealistic views Black Codes 0 Laws enacted by state legislatures which authorized local officials to apprehend unemployed blacks 0 Find them vagrancy as well as hire them out to private employers to satisfy the nes Some of the codes forbade blacks to own or lease farms or to accept any job other than plantation worker or domestic servant Struggle between system and breakaway from this system 13h Amendment Abolished slavery Formal mandateresolution that no one should be in slavery 14h Amendment 0 Recognized or extended full citizenship rights for African American males 15h Amendment 0 Extended the right to vote for African American males 0 more speci c than 14th Amendment Scalawags Comes from a description of a scrawny and useless type of horse found on the Scottish island of Scalloway The image refers to one who is worthless and immoral Derogatory or negative term that describes southerners who opposed secession As a group they tended to live in remote areas with little or no slavery so therefore they did not support the institution Carpetbaggers o Northerners who moved south after the war 0 The image is of one who carried their belongings in a bag made of cheap material 0 As a group they wanted to be a part of a new south Booker T Washington 0 He believed that education was the blue print for blacks to improve themselves 0 He expressed his views at a speech in the state of Georgia which will become known as the Atlanta Compromise 1895 l blacks should not agitate or ght for equality with whites instead they should focus on self improvement 0 Through that self improvement then they will be of equal self worth to the whites counterparts will deem you as an equal Plessy v Ferguson 1896 Revolved around a Louisiana law requiring segregated seating on railroads Supreme Court ruled that Separate but Equal was acceptable jim Crow Laws 0 Network of state and local statutes that solidi ed a system of segregation throughout the south Ida B Wells 0 She was a journalist that published a series of articles that denounced the practice of lynching Image of the West long essay topic 1 Many Americans saw the west as the last frontier a A land awaiting settlement and civilization 2 Americans romanticized the west a It was a wilderness where individuals could experience true freedom 3 The west comforted and inspired those who dreamed of starting a new life or starting over quotConcentration Policyquot 0 Assigned all Native American tribes to their own de ned reservations Factors that Facilitated Westward Migration and Expansion long essay topic Settlers were attracted by gold and silver deposits They were attracted by grass pastures for cattle and sheep They were attracted by the plains and meadowlands of the mountains The transcontinental railroad and the construction of other railroad lines encouraged settlement 5 The land policies of the federal government encouraged settlement gtUUl 39 Homestead Act of 1862 o It allowed settlers to buy acres of land for a small fee if they lived on the land for 5 years and improved it along the way Chinese Exclusion Act 1882 0 Banned Chinese immigration into the United States for 10 years and prevented Chinese people already living in the country from becoming citizens The Dawes Act 1887 Contributed to the elimination of tribal ownership of land 0 It s goal was to remove Native Americans from their collective society and bring them into the overall society Mark Twain 0 Tom Sawyer and Huckleberry Finn The characters rejected the constraints of organized society and they wanted to escape into a more natural world embrace nature Owen Wister39s The Virginian 1902 o This work romanticized the cowboy s freedom from constraint 0 The cowboy was in tune with nature Wister s character was decent courageous and compassionate 0 These were the virtues of the frontier Turner39s Vision of the Frontier long essay topic 1 Movingsettling westward re ects individualism nationalism and democracy 2 Opportunities to advance and thrive are kept alive by the promise of the frontier 3 The frontier experience makes Americans the distinctive people that they are Chapter 15 l Reconstruction Chapter 16 Western Chapter 17 l Industrialization Factors Explaining America39s Industrial Growth long essay topic An abundance of raw materials A large and growing labor supply A surge in technological innovation The emergence of a talented and often ruthless group of entrepreneurs A federal government eager to assist the growth of business An expanding domestic market for manufactured products supply and demand OWU39lbULJNl l quotTaylorismquot 0 Many industrialists began embracing Taylor s principles 0 His principles would become known as quottaylorismquot This theory says Employers should divide tasks 0 This speeds up production and makes workers interchangeable o This decreases a managers dependence on a particular employee quotLimited Liabilityquot 0 This describes investors risking only the amount of their investments and they are not held liable for debts that the corporation accumulates beyond that point The Modern Cooperation Reinvented ltself By Taking on New Features and New Methods 1 Horizontal Integration a A number of rms engaged in the same enterprise merging into one 2 Vertical Integration a One company taking over all of the other companies that relies on it to funcUon Social Darwinism 0 Only the strongest individuals survive and ourish in the marketplace Andrew Carnegie39s The gospel of Wealth 1901 0 He said that wealthy people should use their excess funds for the good of the community Louisa May Alcott39s Little Women 1869 0 Her characters refused to be de ned by traditional roles for women 0 Women could aspire to be more than just a wife and a mom Lester Ward39s Dynamic Sociology 1883 Society s best hope is an active government engaged in positive planning Edwards Bellamy39s Looking Backward 1888 0 About a young man who falls into a hypnotic sleep in 1887 and awakens in 2000 o In the year 2000 the world is free from poverty and social vices The Knights of Labor 0 This group represented business and professional people women factory workers domestic servants and homemakers 0 They fought for an 8 hour work day and the abolition of child labor AFL American Federation of Labor 0 A rival group to the Knights of Labor Tended to represent craft or skilled laborers Horatio Alger Considered to be the model of the rags to riches success story 0 He was originally a minister in a small town in Massachusetts social mobility How you can come from nothing and become something the American Dream idea
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