Humanistic Tradition I
Humanistic Tradition I HUM 2210
University of Central Florida
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Date Created: 10/22/15
Chapter One Mesopotamia land between rivers Tigres and Euphrates Polytheism believe and worship many gods most of Mesopotamian people Monotheism believe and worship one god Hebrews Henotheism believe in many gods and worship one god Akhenaten worshipped among all the sun gods Cosmology study of the order of the universe Cosmogeny origin of the order of the universe a small part of cosmology Gilgamesh demigod search for immortality Samarian ruler of Uruk and BFFs with Enkidu and Ishtar killed Enkidu Ziggurat stepwise pyramids burial tombs Ethical monotheism one god gives you plan and how to live in a good way Decalogue Ten Commandments Chapter Two Heliopolis city of the sun Isis is a female god married to Osiris who is killed Isis nds him and has seX to bring him back to life and then Osiris governs underworld Narmer aka Menes Egypt s rst pharaoh united Upper and Lower Egypt palette of Nanner shows unification of Egypt Theocratic socialism helping people that don t have landfood to avoid lower class uprisings Akhenaten 0 Born as Amenhotep also was Aten god of sun disk 0 Akhenaten was hated because he tried to take all power for himself Book of the Dead collection of funerary prayers more like Decalogue list of confessions and less like Hammurabi s rules if you do this you get punished Chapter 3 Brahman all pervasive spirit39 god is in everything Vedas Sanskrit language stressed worshipprayer Upanishads Commentaries on the Vedas also Sanskrit stressed meditation Nirvana union of Atman self with Brahman absolute spirit Yoga yoke to join Atman and Brahman Karma thinking at the end what you have done throughout your life punishmentreward after lifetime39 Deeds you do determine your afterlife China39s two rivers Yellow and Yangzi Mandate of Heaven heaven favors virtuous rule and natural order ruled Chapter 45 Chtonic powers women had to do with underworld and rebirth Minoans palace of Minos at Knossos not forti ed labyrinth layout Minotaur story 0 Minos king married to Pasiphae and have Ariadne daughter Poseidon gives white bull to Minos to sacrifice but Minos does not Poseidon makes Pasiphase wife fall in love with the bull and they have a baby minotaur Minos locks up minotaur in maze and Theseus is a warrior coming to kill the minotaur Ariadne gives him magical yam so he can find his way back Mycenaeans militant seafaring stonemasons Cyclopean had tholos and mask of Agammemnon Cyclopean Masonry big blocky stone structures like posts and lentil Tholos bee hive tomb Linear B Ancient Greek language Oath of Tyndareus everyone will protect Tyndareus from opponent in return Odysseus marries Penelope Tyndareus niece Persian War Persians take Ionia Ionians revolt with help of Greece Marathon Greece vs Persians land battle Greece wins Salamis Greece vs Peraisns sea battle Greece wins Peloponessian War Greeks vs Greeks Sparta wins Athens loses Arche first principle through which we can understand the universe Sophist wise men that teach and make money by convincing others of their values Plato39 s Two World View Forms World always true e g beauty justice numbers and Physical World 5 senses Doctrine of the Mean Aristotle s belief that we should aim for the mean and not have too much or not enough Geometric Period angular gures geometric patterns not really on the human body Archaic Period archaic very old39 myth literature and every day life as subjects in art focus on gures and deeds little background Classical Ideal realism over style nude and sensuous curvy wide hips small breasts Parthenon Sculptures 0 Birth of Athena from Zeus head she is clevergood mind 0 Poseidon s salt water vs Athena s olives gifts to Greeks o Greeks vs Giants Amazons Centaurs Sappho wrote poems by women for women about love lyric poet from Lesbos Doctrine of Ethos impact of music on the will Chapter 6 Founding Myth Romulus and Remus raised by shewolf and Remus jumps wall made by Romulus and gets killed by Romulus who becomes father of Rome39 Rome made up of people wo possessions eXcriminals and they steal the Sabine women at a citywanning party Punic Wars 150 years of intermittent strife with Carthage until finally Rome destroyed Carthage imperialism begins Julius Caesar 0 superb general 0 codi ed laws uniform laws throughout Rome 0 reduced debt put unemployed to work 0 did not like sharing power so Brutus assassinated him Octavian 0 beats Anthony and Cleopatra in Battle of Actium 0 becomes Princeps first citizen and Imperator emperor after 0 called Augustus holyrevered one and holds veto power over senate Epicureans life of pleasure striving katastematic starts bad pleasures instead of kinetic gets you going pleasures because they believed most pleasure at 0 when there is no disturbancestroubles Cicero Roman philosopher with big in uence on European literature Virgil author of Aeneid because he doubted Rome s power Horace author of Horace s Ode Carpe Diem take advantage of opportunities help others and appreciate what you have Circus Maximus seated 200000 spectators mainly for horse races Colosseum seated 50000 for Ludi gladiator games and sea battles Sight Identi cation Figures 14 iHarp from Ur 7 Mes otamia Figure 17 7 Stele of Hammurabi 7 BabylonianMesopotamian Fxgure 2 3 rPale ie ofNazmer rEyptian Figure 32 Dancing Girl 7 India Figure 44 Bull Leaping fresco iMinoanGreck