Pollution Prevention ENVS 428
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This 8 page Class Notes was uploaded by Gerry Spinka on Friday October 23, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to ENVS 428 at University of Idaho taught by Staff in Fall. Since its upload, it has received 12 views. For similar materials see /class/227754/envs-428-university-of-idaho in Environmental Science at University of Idaho.
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Date Created: 10/23/15
Module 44 Pollution Prevention Pollution Prevention Visual and Light Pollution Prevention of Pollution from Visual and Light Pollution While not as obvious a pollution type as air and water there are several types of pollution that are just as bothersome or more so to neighbors o Odor 0 Noise 0 VisualLight Prevention of Pollution from Visual and Light Pollution What are some examples of visual problems 0 Trashydumpy areas with weeds litter garbage 0 Signs 0 Billboards 0 Brightly lit facilities particularly in or near residential neighborhoods 0 Street lighting bridge lighting etc Prevention of Pollution from Visual and Light Pollution While not necessarily posing a risk to human health or the environment visual pollution Reduces quality of life Reduces property values Limits outdoor activities that involve viewing the night sky Can impact people s ability to sleep The Pollution Prevention Hierarchy As always the pollution prevention hierarchy gives a rank ordered list of activities from most desirable to least 0 Reduce at the source 0 Reuse whenever possible 0 Recycle 0 Treat o Dispose P2 for Visual and Light Pollution Reduce at the source 0 Local ordinances typically deal with trashy areas 0 Local ordinances can be used to deal with signs andor billboards 0 Excess lighting may come from the best intentions safety and security It may be a negotiation between stakeholders P2 for Visual and Light Pollution Keep in mind that multiple views may exist on the signsbillboardslighting issue Cutting down on lighting saves money P2 for Visual and Light Pollution Treat 0 Shield lights to shine downward or onto the areas where it is needed and not up or out 0 Landscape the facility to cut down on the visual impact on neigh ors 0 Build barriers berms walls to cut down on visuallight impacts P2 for Visual and Light Pollution l Implementing P2 for Visual and Light Pollution 0 Find out who the stakeholders are 0 Examine the visual and light impact to see how much ofa problem ex39sts 0 Decide if visuallight impacts are an important 39 ct 0 Research how much light or visual impact is necessary to carry out the mission of t e facility P2 for Visual and Light Pollution Visuallight problems may not be compliance issues but they can generate ill will with stakeholders They may be easy to correct or mitigate A facility with a good EMS and perfect compliance can still be seen as a bad neighbor if it has any of these problems Module 42 Pollution Prevention Pollution Prevention dor Prevention of Pollution from Odor While not as obvious a pollution type as air and water there are several types of pollution that are just as bothersome or more so to neighbors o Odor 0 Noise 0 VisualLight Prevention of Pollution from Odor What are some examples of odor problems 0 Agricultural operations such as hog farms feedlots chicken farms 0 Processing plants such as pulp mills 0 Recycling of waste water from processing plants potato waste water 0 Meat packing plants 0 Asphalt plants 0 Wastewater treatment plants 0 Others Prevention of Pollution from Odor While not necessarily posing a risk to human health or the environment odor pollution o Reduces quality of life 0 Limits outdoor activities and recreation o Reduces property values 0 Can even make people feel sick with nausea headaches irritation of eyes throats and lungs inability to sleep Prevention of Pollution from Odor Facilities that have odor problems have 0 ten been unresponsive to complaints in the past States are beginning to develop policies and staff to deal with odors New facilities have been blocked due to lack of responsiveness to odor complaints In the future as we have more urbanrural interfaces it is more likely that odors will have to be controlled The Pollution Prevention Hierarchy As always the pollution prevention hierarchy gives a rank ordered list of activities from most desirable to least 0 Reduce at the source 0 Reuse whenever possible 0 Recycle 0 Treat o Dispose P2 for Odor Reduce at the source 0 Don t create the odor in the first place 0 There may be chemical reactions that are occurring to produce the odorous gas byproduct Perhaps that reaction can be stopped or slowed 0 Reduce storage time for the waste creating the odor 0 Change the process P2 for Odor Reuserecycle 0 Perhaps the gases can be trapped and used in some way for example methane generated by animal waste can be captured and burned to create heat andor electricity Treat 0 Once the gas has been created perhaps there are treatment options for the emissions that would reduceeliminate the odor P2 for Odor Implementing P2 for Odor 0 Find out who the stakeholders are 0 Decide if odor is an important environmental 0 Research the source of the odor 0 Understand the technology that exists to reduce reuse andor treat the odors 0 Focus on reduction P2 for Odor Odor problems may not be compliance issues but they can generate ill will with stakeholders A facility with a good EMS and perfect compliance can still be seen as a bad neighbor if it has odor problems