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SOC 3422 Week 11

by: Danielle Notetaker

SOC 3422 Week 11 SOC 3422

Danielle Notetaker
The U
GPA 3.4

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About this Document

Notes for week 11 of Social Movements
Social Movements
Wade Cole
Class Notes
SOC 3422, sociology, Social Movements, Week 11
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This 9 page Class Notes was uploaded by Danielle Notetaker on Thursday March 24, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to SOC 3422 at University of Utah taught by Wade Cole in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 22 views. For similar materials see Social Movements in Sociology at University of Utah.


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Date Created: 03/24/16
 Race riots in the United States o Causes  Extreme residential segregation, followed by integration  Competition for jobs and housing o Consequences  How Riots Worked o Squeaky wheels o  The Rise of Affirmative Action o  The Limits of AffirmativeAction o Postindustrial economic trends  Decentralization and relocation of business  De-industrialization and automation  Polarized labor market o Black Underclass  Undereducated in poor ghetto schools  Locked into low-wage, unstable jobs  Little opportunities for advancement o Black Middle class  Educated  Corporate and government jobs with union protection  Beneficiaries of civil rights legislation and affirmative action policies o Decentralization   Detroit o  Mayors of Detroit from 1950’s to today  African Americans began to gain control of the city once the economy of that city begins to decline. So they are gaining power but being left in economic disarray o White flight in Detroit   Bars = % of African American  Line = Overall Population  Middle class, educated, white Americans who are able to chase jobs are leaving. Finding jobs that are happening more than 35 miles outside of the city o Detroit Property Values  The fell quickly when the White citizens left the city   The city cannot pay for emergency services, schools, etc. and begin to rely heavily on the federal government for help with the debts that it owes o Deindustrialization   Creative class: engineering, science and technology, health care (doctors), lawyers  Service workers: low pay; home health care, food prep, retail, janitorial  Average Salary by Class (2010)    Demonstration of economic inequality o o o  Increased AFDC caseload, 1948-1977 o  A Two Step Process o  Funding was increased for welfare because of the civil disorder  But these are mostly controlled by states and so the states with more civil disorder were much more likely to implement the policy o Government Response   The increase in applications can be linked to the approval of welfare applications. The more that are being approved = the more that are being received  What accounts for this?  Favorable Political opportunity structures  These changes largely precede widespread organization  Initial surge in activism is more organic and not organized by large groups or leadership  National Welfare Rights Organization o George Wiley (1966-1972) and Johnnie Tillman (1972-1975) o NWRO Membership  o Tactics  Organize  Mass mobilization  Resource acquisition  Diversification  Lobbying  Disrupt  Demand relief and full benefits  Create local fiscal crisis  Convert local and state officials into lobbyists  These tactics can lead to members losing support and focus  They increase due paying members but they also try to solicit support from outside sources to acquire resources  By being diverse they are attempting to appeal to the larger groups and gain more support o o  Increases in Welfare and Poverty o o  The shaded area shows the people who are eligible for welfare but are not receiving welfare  New York City Budget o  States are only able to shoulder these budget issues for so long and then they need to ask for help from the federal government  Poverty vs. Welfare Rate o  The poverty rate is always much higher than the welfare rate  Who Is “Poor”? o Federal poverty level 2015  Federal minimum wage  $7.25/hour  X8 hours/day  X5 days/week  X50 weeks/year  Annual Salary: o $14,500    Theoretical Analysis o Framing  Injustice frame  You need to overcome the welfare stigma o Political Opportunity Structures  Federalism and fiscal crises  Cities feared riots and offered concessions  Bipartisan opposition to welfare o Resource Mobilization  Mass mobilization and organization building  Leadership struggles and oligarchy  Goal displacement  Attitudes Toward Government o The government has an essential responsibility to….  o The attitudes are very racial  NWRO: Internal Conflict o Constituents  Black, Female, Welfare recipients o Staff  White, male, middle class o  This change was made to try to gain more support from the Black community and it backfired  The Black women in the crowd at a rally he was speaking at began to taunt him.  “Talking Black and sleeping white” (because his wife was White) o Membership 


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