Helping Skills in Family and Consumer Sciences
Helping Skills in Family and Consumer Sciences FCS 508
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This 7 page Class Notes was uploaded by Delores Kessler on Friday October 23, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to FCS 508 at University of Idaho taught by Laurel Branen in Fall. Since its upload, it has received 35 views. For similar materials see /class/227852/fcs-508-university-of-idaho in Family and Consumer Sciences at University of Idaho.
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Date Created: 10/23/15
FCS 508 Branen Empathy Entering the private perceptual world of the other and becoming thoroughly at home in it Temporarily living the other s life without judgment and without getting lost in their world Empathic Responding A Three dimensions 1 Perceptiveness accuracy of perceptions empathic accuracy 2 Know how knowing how to respond to the perceptions 3 Assertiveness actually delivering the response B Searching for the core message you feel because need to distinguish between emotions they talk about and emotions they are expressing C Responding to context not just words verbal non verbal D Selective responding 1 deciding what to emphasize from what client has shared 2 deciding whether to emphasize feelings or experiences or behaviors 3 deciding how much empathy the client can accept E Types of responses 1 a single word 2 a phrase 3 an experiential statement 4 a behavioral statement Accurate empathy 1 client gives verbal or non verbal agreement 2 client moves forward clarifying the problem 3 if inaccurate client stops fumbles changes the subject or disagrees with the helper What to do in communicating empathy 1 give yourself time to think don t jump in too quickly 2 in order to identify what the helpee may be experiencing ask yourself the empathy question How would I feel if I were doing or experiencing these things 3 use short responses 4 gear your response to your client but be yourself What not to do in attempting to communicate empathy 1 no response 2 ask a meaningless question 3 use a clich 4 interpret before gaining enough information 5 give advice 6 parrot 7 be sympathetic sympathy denotes agreement whereas empathy denotes understanding and acceptance of the person 8 fake it if you are lost admit it Don t pretend that you understand Rosario Wohlsen FCS 508 Carl Rogers Client Centered Theory Other names fortheory person centered student centered nondirective View of Human nature Individuals are endowed with an organic capacity for growth and change Basic assumptions Formative tendency All mater including humans evolves from a simpler form to more complex forms Actualizing tendency All organisms including humans tend to move toward completion or ful llment of potentials ie wholeness 9 Function of tendencies sometimes maintenance sometimes enhancement 9 Necessary and sufficient conditions for realization ofhuman actualization gt Person must be in a relationship with a partner who is congruent authentic and who demonstrates unconditional positive regard and empathy towards the person People have a self concept and an ideal concept Sometimes there are discrepancies between self concept and ideal concept Discrepancies may be denied ignored distorted causing blockages of actualizing tendency or accurately symbolized and freely admitted allowing self actualization Key concepts Therapy is a Wshared by two people a process that occurs in stages Self actualization a person s innate striving to achieve completion or fulfillment of potentials The personal characteristics ofthe therapist and the quality of the therapeutic relationship are key to support and promote client s self actualization Growth promoting climate nurturing emotional environment that conveys to the client the counselor s authentic and unconditional positive regard for him or her through empathic listening and understanding lnternal frame of reference a person s subjective world consisting of all memories sensations perceptions and meanings that are available to consciousness Psychological dif culties are caused mainly by blockages ofthe actualizing tendency Clients have the capacity to understand and resolve their own problems and of self directed growth if involved in a therapeutic relation Client is the primary agent of change Mental health is a congruence between self concept and ideal self Therapeutic Goals 0 The main goal is to help the client release him or herself from any constraints or restrictions thus removing blockages of his or her actualizing tendencies allowing movement towards self actualization 0 Assist client in reducing gap between self concept and ideal self 0 Support and promote client s willingness to move towards self actualization 0 Support and promote client s ability to increasingly become a more fully functioning individual by Having a more realistic view ofthe world Developing positive selfregard Accepting responsibility for own behaviors Taking ownership of experiences Becoming more accepting of others Therapist s function and role 0 Function To create a growth promoting environment for the client by being authentic and maintaining and communicating empathy and unconditional positive regard for the client To be present and accessible to the client focusing on immediate experience 0 Role Facilitator of client s self analysis and self directed growth Empathic listener Challenger of client s attitudes and beliefs that block his or her path to self actualization Model positive self regard and willingness to move towards self actualization Partner in therapeutic relationship Serves as a model ofa human being struggling toward greater realness Client s experience in Therapy 0 lncongruence c As clients feel understood and accepted their defensiveness is less necessary and they become more open to their experiences 0 Client works at own pace 0 Therapeutic relationship activates client s selfhealing capacities Therapeutic techniques and procedures 0 Empathic listening genuine care and unconditional positive regard for client 0 Creating ofa growth promoting environment in the therapeutic relationship with client 0 Not technique oriented References Questia Media America Inc wwwquestiacom Publication Information Book Title Theoretical Models of Counseling and Psychotherapy Contributors Kevin A Fall author Janice Miner Holder author Andre Marquis author Publisher BrunnerRoutledge Place of Publication New York Publication Year 2003 Page Number 198 to 211 httpwn nrenball com chet capuzzi quot 30 4981 299857 00html Id httpenwikinedin org wikiPerson centered V D httppandccacatcarl Nguian theorV httppandccacatcarl Nguian therapV h tp quot39 thesperson Jinde html httpwww 39 quot 39 com ObPsPerson centeredtherapvhtml http world stdcommbr2whatsccthtm httpwwwadpcaorgarticleshtml J cnm therani t htm http WWW