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Psychology of Personality

by: Dorris Purdy

Psychology of Personality PSYC 310

Marketplace > University of Idaho > Psychlogy > PSYC 310 > Psychology of Personality
Dorris Purdy
GPA 3.5

Kenneth Locke

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Kenneth Locke
Class Notes
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This 9 page Class Notes was uploaded by Dorris Purdy on Friday October 23, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to PSYC 310 at University of Idaho taught by Kenneth Locke in Fall. Since its upload, it has received 13 views. For similar materials see /class/227914/psyc-310-university-of-idaho in Psychlogy at University of Idaho.


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Date Created: 10/23/15
Chapter 3 Traits and Trait Taxonomies What are Traits I Two ways to conceptualize IE Traits as internal causal properties E are Why you did or felt or thought something E always there inside even when not expressed Dogma lyz39m you MM lmz39ly Zmf are mm expressed IE Traits as purely descriptive summaries E agnostic about internality amp causality E underpins act frequency approach Types vs Traits 39 Traits 39 Continuous dimensions Types Discontinuous categories I eg introverts VS 39 eg introversion Cth VCftS CthZLVCfSiO 39 Represent qyam z39z az z39Ie Represent gualz z azfz39Ie differences among people differences among people Easy to think and talk about 39 More true to life mean amp mode Frequency Identifying amp Organizing Important Traits I 181XXpenxnn ytenx inling shlanguage I 39Thua W 1 Personality matters to people W 2 We need to simplify decide which individual differences are important to measure and study and organize them into a sensible taxonomy Ways to Identify Important Traits I Theoretical ii Identify traits relevant to your theory I Lexical Identify trait terms people use I Statistical Identify statistically large amp cohesive trait clusters Lexical Approach l Over time important individual differences have been named and talked about and so can be identified by a Synonym frequency E Cross cultural universality I Limitations E On its own just yields a list of words E Most researchers combine lexical approach with statistical approach to organize traits into basic categories that make theoretical sense Statistical Approach Factor Analysis I Organizes traits into smaller set of underlying factors E Measure many people on many items adjectives statements Correlate every item with every other item Identify groups of items that correlate with each other but not with other groups of items FiveFactor Model I Combination of lexical and statistical approaches consistently yields 5 broad factors 1 Extraversion L Agreeableness E Conscientiousness E Emotional Stability Neuroticisrn IE OpennessIntellect 5Factor Model Adjectives Loading Highly NEO Scale Name LIFE DOMAIN Extraversion POWER STATUS Agreeableness CONNECTION Conscientiousness WORK N euroticism EMOTION Openness to Experience COGNITION Bold E0 rceful Extraverted Friendly Warm Agreeable Ef cient Resp on sible Neat Anxious Touchy Emotional Untraditional Intellectual Imaginative Timid Quiet Introverted Aggre ssive Cold Stube rn Inef cient Irresponsible Messy Calm Composed Stable Traditional Un re e ctive Pragmatic


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