Pre-modern History Notes
Pre-modern History Notes HIST 115-18-19
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Anne Notetaker on Thursday March 24, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to HIST 115-18-19 at College of Charleston taught by Dr. Shumway in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 9 views. For similar materials see Pre-modern History in History at College of Charleston.
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Date Created: 03/24/16
Terms to Know -Reconquista: Christians trying to expel Muslims from Iberia, marked by the year 1212 as when the Christians started winning -Berber: a language family spoken by indigenous people of North Africa, some groups specialized in crossing the desert, native to Maghreb -Maghreb: “the west” Western part of North Africa, specifically Morocco, Algeria, and Tunisia. Distinguished by the Atlas mountains, fertile land between the ocean and the Sahara Desert. Home of the Berbers. -trans-Saharan trade: trade routes crossing the Sahara desert -Abu Abdallah Ibn Battuta: educated Muslim, qadi -Constantinople: capital of byzantine empire -Qadi: someone educated enough in Quran & is qualified in Islamic law -Rihla: travel account/narrative -Marco Polo: Italian merchant who traveled to many parts of Asia -Sharia: a legal system in Islamic law -Mongol Empire: Genghis Khan ruled, largest territorial empire in world history, expanded in early 13 century. Timeline 1212 Christians begin steady takeover of Muslim lands in Iberia (Reconquista) 1219-1258 Mongol conquests 1325 Ibn Battuta makes hajj 1356 Ruler of Morocco commissions Ibn Battuta rihla Geography -Strait of Gibraltar: joins Mediterranean and Atlantic -Sahara Desert Notes th 14 century Islamic World Tangier, Morocco Ibn Battuta’s hometown Port town on the Mediterranean Terminus for voyages crossing the Sahara desert, Muslim area, across from Christian Iberia *Think about Ibn Battuta’s POV living in Tangier, considering its place in the world and all that was going on around it. The Crusades Destruction of Jerusalem >both disrupted Islamic world in many ways Mongol conquests Destruction of Baghdad Positive changes from Crusades & conquests: Influx of westerners to the middle east Spread of some middle eastern culture to Europe Mongols became Muslims eventually and sponsored the buildings of new mosques, libraries, and monuments Ibn Battuta 2,000 mile journey from Tangier to Egypt Coastal North Africa in the 14 century: -lots of wars between small kingdoms and city-states over borders, control, succession disputes, etc. -urban centers//rural areas -coast turns from fertile land to desert as it goes east Ethnic identity -Maghreb historically the land of Berbers -what’s in an ethnic identity? Place of origin/residence Religion Language Phenotype heritage