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HONLiterature of Western Civilization

by: Mr. Roy Denesik

HONLiterature of Western Civilization ENGL 258

Marketplace > University of Idaho > Foreign Language > ENGL 258 > HONLiterature of Western Civilization
Mr. Roy Denesik
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This 5 page Class Notes was uploaded by Mr. Roy Denesik on Friday October 23, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to ENGL 258 at University of Idaho taught by Staff in Fall. Since its upload, it has received 22 views. For similar materials see /class/227973/engl-258-university-of-idaho in Foreign Language at University of Idaho.


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Date Created: 10/23/15
Jessica Stavig Honors English 258 February 20 2009 MARY SHELLEY BIOGRAPHY MINI LESSON Mary Shelley s In uences 39 Her Parents William Godwin and Mary Wollstonecraft enlightenment thinkers 39 Her Husband Percy Shelley free enlightenmentromantic thinker William Godwin 1756 1836 39 A very radical philosopher 39 Founded philosophical anarchism Philp 39 Important philosophical works Political Justice 1793 The Enquirer 1798 Thoughts on Man 1831 and his novel Caleb Williams 1794 Political Philosophy De ned mainly in An Enquiry Concerning Political Justice 1793 Argument government is a corrupting force in society perpetuating dependence and ignorance but that it will be rendered increasingly unnecessary and powerless by the gradual spread of knowledge Politics will be displaced by an enlarged personal morality as truth conquers error and mind subordinates matter Philp Due to this argument he rejected forms of mental enslavements such as law private property marriage and concerts Philp The idea of the corrupting force in society is directly taken from Rousseau He expands on Rousseau to explain more speci cally that criminals are a result of corruption in society and stresses an importance of education 39 Moral Philosophy De ned as utilitarian Philp Equality In Godwin s An Account of a Seminary he says that the state of society is incontestably arti cial the power of one man over another must always derive from convention of from conquest by nature we are equal Smith This shows his link to Locke Education Also in An Account of a Seminary Godwin says that but our moral dispositions and character depend very much perhaps entirely upon education Smith This also show his link to Locke and the idea of experience Famous Fire Case This requires that an individual choose one of two people to save from a re One is the Archbishop of Fenelon a benefactor to the whole human race and the other is that individual s mother or father depending on the edition read Philps Godwin s conclusion Save Fenelon in order to act justly Actions should bene t the common good Note Professor Drake I Robot movie Mary Wollstonecraft 1759 1797 39 A very radical writer intellect and feminist Kreis 39 A Vindication of the Rights of Women Applies Locke the equality of all people them Writes as a response to Rousseau s Emile from Marriage and his proposition that females are inferior to men and should have different forms of education Rousseau Once it has been shown that men and women are essentially different in character and temperament it follows that they ought not to have the same education their education must be wholly directed to their relations with men Rousseau 256257 Her response meanwhile strength of body and mind are sacrificed to libertine notions of beauty to the desire of establishing themselves the only way women can rise in the world by marriage And this desire making mere animals of when they marry they act as such children may be expected to act they dress they paint and nickname God s creatures Wollstonecraft Proposes a strong view on Education Education is the trouble for society as a whole and particularly for women a profound conviction that the neglected education of my fellow creatures is the grand source of the misery I deplore and that women in particular are rendered weak and wretched by a variety of concurring causes originating from one hasty conclusion One cause of this barren blooming I attribute to a false sense of education gathered from the books written on this subject by men who considering females rather as women than human creatures have been more anxious to make them alluring mistresses than wives Wollstonecraft Addresses masculinity and that virtues of masculinity should be held by all She says obtain a character as a human being regardless of the distinction of sex Wollstonecraft Desires to persuade I wish to persuade women to endeavor to acquire strength both of mind and body and to convince them that the soft phrases susceptibility of heart delicacy of sentiment and refinement of taste are almost synonymous with the epithets of weakness and that those beings who are only the objects of pity and that kind of love which has been termed its sister will soon become objects of contempt Wollstonecraft Basically women shouldn t live to appeal to men Enforces strongly the enlightenment ideal of reason some women govern their husbands without degrading themselves because intellect will always govern Wollstonecraft Quiz Answers Percy Shelley 1792 1822 39 When he was sixteen he joined up with William Godwin and adopted his philosophy 39 He too was a very radical philosopher and poet 39 He was very outspoken challenging oppression religion and convention as well as calling for revolution and change Merriman 39 He used his poems to convey these ideas Mary Shelley s Life Events 39 1797 August 30 Mary Wollstonecraft Godwin is born and 10 days later her mother dies of puerperal fever due to child birth complications This event had to bring on a great deal of guilt for Mary Mary is left living with her father and her half sister Fanny 1798 After the death of his wife Godwin publishes her biography Memoirs of the Author of the Vindication of the Rights of Women and in so doing airs all her dirty laundry including the affair with Gilbert Imlay which resulted in their illegitimate child Fanny her two attempts of suicide and the premarital relations that she and Godwin shared Mellor 2 This last event resulted in pregnancy which is what drove the two people to get married something they both opposed When the biography was published Wollstonecraft s behavior was no greeted with acceptance Godwin then remarries to Mary Jane Clairmont which gives Fanny and Mary a stepsister Claire Growing up Mary deals with not only with her Mother s death but the cruelty of her step mother and her father who remains emotionally distant She is tutored at home studying both her parents writings and other literary works of Enlightenment f1gureheads as well as poetry and literature and Italian French and Latin Merriman 1812 Percy Bysshe Shelley who had recently published The Necessity ofAtheism and been kicked out of Oxford for it gets in touch with Godwin leaves his wife Harriet Westbrook adopts Godwin s philosophy and receives financial help from him 1814 Despite her father s voiced disapproval Mary age 16 and Shelley still a married man elope in France and tour around with Claire Although Godwin had a free love philosophy it did not apply to his daughter however Percy did execute this Enlightenment idea of freedom and liberty and had affairs with other women even as Mary was nursing his 5 month premature child that died within days In their travels of France they witness the burned villages and wreckage that the Napoleonic Wars have caused 1815 Percy and Mary have a daughter named Clara who dies after a few weeks 1816 Mary is 19 Both Fanny and Percy Shelley s eXwife who is pregnant commit suicide Percy Shelley and Mary get married their son William is born time is spent with the famous poet Byron in Geneva June 1816 May 1817 Mary writes Frankenstein or The Modern Prometheus of which the introduction is written by Percy 1817 They have another daughter who they name Clara but she dies after a year Mary and Percy move back to Italy now on better terms with Mary s father because they were married 1819 Their son William age 3 dies and Percy Florence is born 1822 Mary almost looses her life due to a miscarriage While sailing in the Don Juan Percy age 30 drowns and Mary compiles The Complete Poetical Works of Percy Bysshe 1824 1823 Mary and her son Percy return to England she continues writing and fights illness 1824 At age 26 Byron dies of illness while fighting for the independence of Greece from Turkey 1851 February 1 Mary Wollstonecraft Shelley dies at age 54 in London Information from Mellor Merriman and Drake Frankenstein The Melding of Ideas 39 Locke Equality Experience 39 Rousseau Man is innately good but becomes corrupted by society Father Society corrupts people and that is what results in criminals Science is the answer and will end death In general he did not side with compassion but believed in making only rational choices for the bene t of society the common good Mother Criticism of masculinity man has a right to his child Drake When this idea takes form in Frankenstein Shelley basically use this also as a criticism of her father who raised her after her mother died Some feminists think that Frankenstein is more of an attack on what happens when a man Victor Frankenstein raises a childDrake Importance of education and experience Mary Shelley She fuses all these ideas together into a broad theme we are what we are trained to become behavior is learned and therefore it is Nurture over Nature Drake Discussion Question So after reading the Vindication what do you think about the idea of nature vs nurture and gender What is Wollstonecraft saying and do you agree or disagree Test Questions 1 In what ways did Locke and Rousseau in uence Mary Wollstonecraft Shelley and her writing of Frankenstein 2 What role does the debate of nature vs nurture play in Mary Wollstonecraft s article A Vindication of the Rights of Women Hyperlinks to Access Locke Rousseau Works Cited and Further Online Resources Kreis Steven quotMary Wollstonecraft 17591797 Lectures on Modern European Intellectual Histogv 13 May 2004 The History Guide 22 Feb 2009 httpwwwhistorvguide or intellect quot html Mellor Anne K Marv Shellev Her Life Her Fiction Her Monsters USA quot A Chapman and Hall Inc 1989 Merriman CD quotMary Wollstonecraft Shelleyquot The Literature Network 2006 Jalic Inc 22 Feb 2009 httpwwwonline it quotr shelleV marv Merriman CD quotPercy Bysshe Shelleyquot The Literature Network 2006 Jalic Inc 22 Feb 2009 httpwwwonline t quotr shelleV percv Philp Mark quotWilliam Godwin Stanford Encyclopedia of P39 quot 39 y 2006 Metaphysics Research Lab CSLI Stanford University 26 Feb 2009 httpplatostanfordeduentriesgodwin Professor Tom Drake s Notes httpwwwclassuidahoeduengl 258258HHomehtm Smith Mark K quotWilliam Godwin and Informal Educationquot 1998 Infed Search 26 Feb 2009 WWWinfedorgthinkersetgoodhtm Taken from this is the quoted portion of Godwin s An Account of a Seminary 1783 Rousseau JeanJacques quotEmile from Marriagequot The Norton Anthology Western Literature Volume 21 quot8th edquot 2006 m 1 39 Wollstonecraft Mary MarV v v quot L 17591797 A Vindication ofthe Rights of Woman 1792 2009 Bartlebycom 22 Feb 2009 httpwwwbartlebvcoml44103html quot1792 A Vindication of the Rights 0 Women by Mary Wollstonecraft Table of Contentsquot 22 Feb 2009 http edn instruct phl302texts quot f w n quott quot html


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