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Introduction to Sociology Principles

by: Alexandrine Crona

Introduction to Sociology Principles 034 001

Marketplace > University of Iowa > Sociology > 034 001 > Introduction to Sociology Principles
Alexandrine Crona
GPA 3.94

Michael Lovaglia

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Michael Lovaglia
Class Notes
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Alexandrine Crona on Friday October 23, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to 034 001 at University of Iowa taught by Michael Lovaglia in Fall. Since its upload, it has received 30 views. For similar materials see /class/227983/034-001-university-of-iowa in Sociology at University of Iowa.


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Date Created: 10/23/15
Chapter 12 Disability Aging and Death Age is one basis of social inequality elderly people face prejudice and discrimination Different populations are approximately the same genetically social factors determine the average height of a population Average family income is the most important determinant of the quality of one s diet higher incomehigher quality dietimproved growth potential Correlation between stature and class position upper class tends to be taller Tall people live longer than others earn more money Overweight women earn less money less likely to marry complete less schooling Americans are the most overweight population in the world 31 in 2000 Impaired considered deficient in physical or mental capacity Disabled incapable of performing within the range of quotnormalquot human activity Rehabilitation curing disabilities to the extent possible through medical and technological intervention trying to improve the lives of the disabled by means of care training and education and integrating the disabled into quotnormalquot society 0 An alternative to rehabilitation is the elimination of disability by mass killings or sterilization to prevent the disabled from procreating ex Nazi Germany quotcleansingquot the population Ablism prejudice and discrimination against disabled through intention and neglect o Impairment becomes disability when the human environment is constructed largely on the basis of ablism o The deaf community typifies a new challenge to ablism deafs share a quotcollective identity and take pride in their condition Life course distinct phases oflife through which people pass these stages vary from one society and historical period to another Rite ofpassage ritual that marks the transition from one stage oflife to another Life expectancy average age at death of the members of a population Age cohort category ofpeople born in the same range of years Age roles norms and expectations about the behavior of people of different age cohorts Generation an age group that has unique and formative historical experience 0 quotbaby boomers were born from 19461964 common experiences include the Vietnam War Watergate scandal Age stratification social inequality between age cohorts ex seniors enjoy high status than sophomores in a high school environment Gerontocracy a society ruled by elderly people Theories of Age Stratification Functionalist industrialization separated work from family and created distinct functions for different age cohorts age stratification developed because different age cohorts performed functions of differing value to society Con ict agree with functionalists that industrialization generated distinct categories of youth and elderly age stratification stems from competition and con ict political struggles make a difference in how much age stratification eXists SymbolicInteractionist people attach meanings to agebased groups and age stratification the way we understand aging is almost always a matter of interpretation Ageism prejudice and discrimination against elderly people 0 Women live longer than men on average 0 Ageism affects women more than men 0 Economic inequality between men and women is primarily because of womens lower earning power when they are young Elderly are sometimes socially segregated in nursing homes Shortage of caregivers for the elderly 13 ofAmericans 65 work in the paid labor force about half of them work fulltime Social Security and other programs to benefit the elderly are generous Elderly are well organized politically above average voter participation overrepresented among those who hold positions of political economic and religious power 0 80 ofAmericans die in hospitals Patients with incurable diseases experience denial anger negotiation depression and then acceptance Euthanasia aka mercy killing or assisted suicide a doctor prescribes medication that is intended to end a terminally ill patient s life 0 23 of Americans favor physicianassisted euthanasia 0 legal in the Netherlands 0 Death with Dignity Act Oregon 19972003 allowed doctors to prescribe a lethal dose of barbiturates to terminally ill patients with less than 6 months to live 171 people took advantage of this act Funerals 20 billion dollar a year industry average cost of funeral and burial is 7800 funerals are so expensive because 1 big corporations are taking over the industry lowering competition and driving up prices 2 funeral directors take advantage ofvulnerable bereaved and guilt them into spending more on loved ones funerals


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