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Week one Notes Global Psych

by: Jessica Compton

Week one Notes Global Psych SOP 4731

Marketplace > Florida International University > SOP 4731 > Week one Notes Global Psych
Jessica Compton
GPA 4.0
Global Psychology
Dr. Shannon Quintana

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About this Document

Hey all! Welcome to the new semester. These notes cover the required article readings and some of what we discussed in lecture the first week. Enjoy!
Global Psychology
Dr. Shannon Quintana
Class Notes
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This 6 page Class Notes was uploaded by Jessica Compton on Thursday January 15, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to SOP 4731 at Florida International University taught by Dr. Shannon Quintana in Spring2015. Since its upload, it has received 389 views.


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Date Created: 01/15/15
Global Psychology Class Notes by Jessica Compton Brief notes on reading material and lecture for week one Articles covered in the lecture included quotPsychology of Globalizationquot by Arnett and quotThe Neglected 95quot by Arnett which are provided in Blackboard Topic one Psychology of Globalization Summary of article The article goes into depth about how globalization occurs in different countries how it has increased how it affects us and more speci cally how it in uences our psychological functioning It also explores how issues are pointed mostly towards adolescents and selfidentity Finally Arnett leaves the reader with several future research questions that you can think about as you read and do further studies Introduction Globalization has increased in recent decades among different cultures and regions of the world because of things like technology or telecommunication economics and nancial interdependence While globalization can have its positives it also has a negative side Although it has affected the entire world each part of the world and its culture has been affected in its own way Some cultures are affected more than others and some are affected in a more negative way rather than positive One main point to take from this article is that globalization is still increasing and in uencing everyone around the world Thesis discussed in class bicultural identities have become common due to in uence of globalization According to Arnett the main psychological issue deals with identity and guring out who you are which we see is most common in adolescents because they are more open to new values and cultures than adults who can be more set in their ways and have already established traditional values Four major similarities of globalization in different parts of the world such as Latin America Africa Arab countries Japan China 1 Increase we see with several cultures in the frequency and degree of making contact with the global culture led by the West or individualistic culture 2 People in urban areas come in contact more frequently with globalization and at a greater degree than people in rural areas often because they have more resources 3 The values and beliefs of the global culture interfere with traditional cultural values causing dif culty with adaptability 4 Although globalization is seen as a positive thing it is also viewed as an issue Some negatives we see in globalization and it is not always wecomed Western values seen as sweeping into the media and as being the cause of premarital pregnancies Increase in juvenile delinquency due to destruction of social norms Regions such as Japan or China have had major society changes like youngsters becoming more individualistic Four Main Psychological lssues Consequences Due To Globalization Most people develop a bicultural identity Increase in identity confusion in young people in nonwestern cultures People choose to make selfselected cultures Timing with the transition into adulthood happening later in life 1 Bicultural Identity We see this occur mostly with adolescents and children as they are more open to new things than adults are Bicultural identity refers to obtaining two identities One of them is the local identity which is Arnett describes being de ned by ones environment and traditional values Then you have your global identity which quotgives one a sense of belonging and to a worldwide culture and allows one to be able to connect or travel to diverse placesquot as said by Arnett in the article As television has played an important role in developing this global identity for some in the past we see that the internet is even more important today Although having these two roles of identity can be okay for some it can be dif cult for others to adapt We also look at hybrid identity which is when you mix everything up the quotmelting potquot of culture We can see this happen with immigrants as they are expected to throw out some of their culture in order to t in with the new one 2 Identity Confusion Adapting to rapid change in your culture can be a dif cult thing for many and most of the time can lead to identity confusion in which you have troubles successfully forming your identity Then this confusion can lead to many youngsters having other issues like depression and substance abuse This goes hand in hand with Erikson39s theory of identity formation in which we can face the issue of identity versus identity confusion discussed more in the article We also look at crosscultural psychologistJohn Berry s concept of Marginalzation which similarly refers to a condition of feeling left out by the global culture To be more speci c it infers that one who experiences identity confusion has a lack of faith in their traditional culture when they are exposed to globalization So globalization can be said to cause this identity confusion as it can contradict their local cultural values and norms 3 SelfSelected Cultures Global cultures focus a lot on individualism as it is based in Western cultures such as the United States and for most people around the world besides those living in places with a nondemocratic government such as Cuba or North Korea these values can be attractive and likeable One major point Arnett makes is that there is a common misperception of how globalization may be a threat in the sense that it will foster a quothomogeneous worldwide culturequot He argues that this is unlikely because people are will tend to be more bicultural or they will create selfselected cultures which are mainly rooted from religion although there are some that are nonreligious speci c examples given in the article pg 780 in left column You selfselect a culture when you choose who you want to be and have that freedom to be who you want to be which is very appealing There will always be people who refuse to be a part of the crowd 4 Emerging Adulthood Globalization has also had a major impact all over the world with the timing of transitioning into adult roles Today it takes youngsters much later to develop into these roles such as marriage and work Also it takes us a longer amount of time to nish our education in school which in turn slows the time it takes for us to begin these roles This change in timing can be referred to as emerging adulthood To be speci c when we are talking about these changes we need to keep in mind that they are happening in globalized countries that are economically developed because they have educational resources and such Conclusion Globalization is and will most likely continue to be major in uence in all parts of the world It affects each culture differently and in some more than others It is viewed in both a positive and negative way and there are many misconceptions about how we think it will affect us Arnett focused a lot on adolescents because unlike most adults they are not xed in their ways and are open to new things such as culture Globalization also continues to play a major role in a person39s identity as well ones psychological functioning and is a new focus in psychological research Topic two The Neglected 95 Summary of the article This article by Arnett explores how published psychological research focuses too much on America and not enough on cultural context It argues how this American research does not fully represent the rest of the world and the general population which questions whether or not it should be considered a science It also gives some suggestions on how American research can be improved Introduction One of the major roles of American psychology research is to be able to base the studies on culturally diverse areas and more speci cally come up with ndings that can apply to the entire human population But this sounds kind of dif cult because we cannot always do a study in every part of the world with everyone Even in saying this we see that the author points out that sadly ndings in American psychology39s research do not concentrate on a large amount of the human population around the world ratherjust a small portion mainly including those living in the United States They surprisingly focus on less than 5 of the world39s human population and ignore the other 95 There can be several reasons why this can be a problem including the fact that many issues we look at in research are being endured at a great intensity in other parts of the world It can also be an issue because of the biases researchers can bring into ndings because it is so focused on America One crucial observation mentioned in the article is that much of production involved in psychological research is provided solely by Americans Another issue is that many people tend to assume that ndings can be applied universally when in fact they cannot Although research is being conducted in other countries we are focusing way too much on the US and Arnett39s main focus is on the fact that American research is overlooking a large amount of the population and this is an issue most of us have not thought about Main points we look at Do our major APA journals represent the human population Demographic contrasts between the US and the rest of the world httpngmnationalgeographiccom201103ageof manmapinteractive Why are we neglecting other parts of the world Tips and for broadening American research 1 2 Major APA journals as representation of population In the article Arnett focuses on these 6 main articles used that were chosen to represent different areas in psychology Developmental Psychology Journal of Personality and Social Psychology Journal of Abnormal Psychology Journal of Family Psychology Health Psychology and Journal of Educational Psychology After analyzing the journals and looking at research done from 20032007 and even before that results showed that the United States not only dominates the current material in the journals but is using mostly American researchers to produce the ndings So the main point is that the major goal of promoting psychology as a human science is not being met because of the lack of application to the entire human population Demographic contrasts httpndmhationaldeoqrabhiccom201103adeofmanmabinteractive D we see by looking at this map and statistics that America is the wealthiest place and among a world population of 7 billion and it has a lot of appealing resources that many other places around the world do not have Forecast according to article by 2050 world population will surpass 9 billion with most of the increase occurring in the least economically developed places in the world Psychologists point out that there may be principles of psychology that can apply to many or all human beings but is this true Can we really generalize these ndings to the rest of the world based on this 5 of the population Analysis ofjournals are portrayed in tables 1 2 and 3 in the article Table one s results show that the United States dominates current material in the journals while only 2 of rst authors are from outside the US 1 Asia and 1 Israel Table two s results show that samples used in research are mostly European American 3 4 Table three39s results show that most editors and board members of the APA journals are American or from English speaking countries Why is there neglect May be driven by two things the greater quantity of research materials and resources in countries that are wealthier psychology39s dominant philosophy of science The US is has the largest yearly gross in the world and in turn produces the most psychological research because of availability of resources and funding Tips given in the article by Arnett to help make American research more broad and more focused on cultural context quotAPAjournals should include associate editors and consulting editors who are nonAmericanquot quotAPAjournals should regularly invite special issues edited by nonAmericans and including all nonAmerican authorsquot quotAPA should revive the editorial mentor program designed to assist international psychologists in preparing their manuscripts for APA journalsquot quotUndergraduate programs in psychology should require psychology students to take at least two courses in anthropology or where available cultural psychology Undergraduate psychology majors should be encouraged to spend at least one semester abroadquot quotMajor American funding agencies such as the National Institutes of Health and the National Science Foundation should create programs funding international research as well as graduate student fellowships and faculty research sabbaticals abroadquot Conclusion ls psychology as complete science that represents the whole population Is 5 good enough for you The United States is very different from other places of the world and this should be encouraging for psychologists to want to study But the main question is are content with remaining too focused on Americans and not on the rest of the world


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