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by: Ivah Lebsack MD


Ivah Lebsack MD
GPA 3.77


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About this Document

Class Notes
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This 13 page Class Notes was uploaded by Ivah Lebsack MD on Friday October 23, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to ASC 408G at University of Kentucky taught by Staff in Fall. Since its upload, it has received 10 views. For similar materials see /class/228117/asc-408g-university-of-kentucky in Animal Science at University of Kentucky.

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Date Created: 10/23/15
ASE was Spring 20 Unknown Facts About Swine o How Wall Street got its name o How Uncle Sam came to represent the US Government o Heaviest hog ever recorded o Highest known price ever paid for a hog o What President Harry Truman said about hogs 0 Origin of pork barrel politics o Longest single sausage ever made o Origin of the word barbecue Gone hog wild o Goin whole hog o Livin high on the hog o Hogtied o Pork barrel politics o A pig in a poke 0 Being pigheaded o Piggin out o Hammin it up o Bringing home the bacon o A bunch of hogwash As a hobby No To make a profitable income Yes To produce food Yes Pork is the most widely consumed meat in the world Important source of protein for humans Excellent source of minerals and vitamins Especially rich in Bcomplex vitamins thiamin B12 Medical products Source of over 40 drugs and pharmaceuticalsused in human medicine insulin blood fibrin heparin etc Heart valves for humans Skin for burn patients Model for biomedical research Physiologically pigs are more like humans than any t er animal Industrial products pigskin aint brushes animal d and pet food ingredien s meat and bone meal LambGoai 6 VV39aItHog There are 180 species of pigs Pigs are found on every continent and nearly every country of the world exception Antarctica 1 billion pigs in the world 6 billion people So 1 pig forevery 6 humans Pork is the most widely consumed meat in the world Pigs are the 4Ih most intelligent of all animal es Pigs are the most intelligent of all farm animals and household pes including horses dogs cats Where are they located Which continent of the world has the most pigs Which country has the most pigs Flest oi World 10 Approximately Log million pigs are produced e annually In th Most of them are produced in upper midwest Rest ol World 32 Maior grain and soybean producing area Corn accounts for 85 of the total grain production in the USA Corn represents 90 of all feed grains fed to swine Soybean meal represents 90 of all protein sources fed to swine Pigs and com 90 handinha Exception North Carolina Large corporate larms highly integrated Unwed States Ymal Corn shipped to NC from midwew swam Iowa North Carolina Minnesota Illinois Indiana Nebraska Missouri 0 Oklahoma 3965 3968 3971 3974 3977 3980 3983 3986 3989 3992 3995 3998 3901 3904 l39ieniucki gt 9 5quot P 5quot Equot 7 No of operations thousa39lds I a Year NellmalAglizuhmsl Statistts Sants lu s D A Number of operations dropped 10fold from 647000 to 69400 hog farms Size of hog farms has increased 10fold from 87 head per farm to 871 head per farm No hog larms Independent producers Small farms Medium sized farms Large farms Corporate farms Integrators No hogs par hog larm Corporations highly integrated Many own their own feed companies and pork processing plants Examples mithfield Foods 1 million sows Imph Foods 0 of Farms Farms 59950 855 10002999 6630 95 30004999 950 14 50009999 1526 22 10000499999 1049 15 gt500000 gt250005 ws 9 04 No Hogs MarketedYr lt1 000 lt50 sows 2 million sows Seaboard Foods 4 million sows lowa Select Farms Prestage Farms Pipestone The Maschhof fs Oargill Tyson Foods Hormel Foods etc 1 8 4 9 38 Mostly in Western half of the state Top five counties 1 Nelson 2 Allen 3 Union 4 Hopkins 5 Mclean Livestock Horses Poultry and eggs Cattle and calves Dairy products Hogs Crops Soybeans 25 Tobacco 25 Wheat amp Hay 15 Cattle amp Calves 23 Dairy Products 7 Pork Consumption in the USA Pounds 60 The most widely consumed meat in the world Per capita consumption in world 29 lb carcass wt Per capita consumption in USA 67 lb carcass wt 50 lb retail wt 46 lb boneless wt Trend has remained stable over past 50 years Population has increased so total pork consumption has increased Most pork is consumed domestically 90 Some exported 10 Purchased and consumed as Fresh pork loin roasts and chops Cured pork hams bacon Processed meats weiners lunch meat etc ast lood restaurants Pizza Sausage pepperon McDonalds Burger KIng Wendy39s Breaklast meats sausage bacon ham etc Agricultural state gt 50 of land mass is agriculture Availability of grain Close to corn belt Produce plenty ol corn export some ol it Grain moves easily waterways lor barge trallic Good markets packing plants Louisville Cincinnati OH Logansport lN Numerous small packing plants in Ke Close to maior population areas Good climate People more than half of the population is rural Ancestors Asia and Europe 25 million years ago Domestication 000 to 8000 B Biblical accounts Ancestors ol today39s domestic pigs gt European wild boar gt Pigs 01 Chinese origin European Wild Boar 1000 Vikings lrom Scandinavia b 1493 Christopher Co um us Puerto Rico 3 head 1519 Hernando Cortex Central A 1539 Hernando deSota Florida 13 s 1611 Sir Walter Flaleigh Colonists Jamestown 1620 Pilgrims New ng an Next lew years lnllux ol pigs lrom England Floamed lree Consumed plants acorns Split rail lences wouldn39 hold them in or out inerioa Mexico ca 0W5 Laws establishe H I 5 quotek m Mississippi Rim Ear s itslor identitieation Nose iingsto prevent rootin 9 Stonewall built on Manhattan lsland Wall street Hogs moved west Lo ana Purchase 1803 Homesteading Erie canal 1827 Maior centers were Ohio Kentucky Tennessee First maior packing plant built in Cincinnati Ohio Became known as Porkopolis New American breeds introduced Railroad system relrigerated rail cars Moved further west Chicago primary pork packing center Type of pig hes and lanky 9 Ex mely lat cob rollers 9 Meat Housing Free roaming 9 Pastures and lots 9 Total conlinem Diet Foraged on roots berries nuts acorns 9 Ear corn and tankage 9 Cornsoy Marketing Herded in droves to market 9 Stockyards 9 Direct to Packer Litter size weaned Weaning age weeks Pigs weanedsowyear Market weight lb Days to market Feed efficiency feedgain Carcass backfat in Loin eye area in2 Percent lean in carcass new crop corn introduced by the Meat was easily preserved Was easily cured smoked or canned Excellent source of fat lard High caloric diet was needed Lard lor cooking candles soap Valuable export Salt pork Type ol pig Housing DIet Lean Ou side C nlinement Ear corn corntankage Cornsoy Small No ol pig larms any Breeds Purebreds Crossbreds Annual larrowings once or twiceyear Continuous Total conlinem Slatted lloors Environmentally controlled bui ings Automated leeding Waste management High level ol biosecurity closed herd Three te production buildings and rooms AlAO Ter nal crossbreeding white sows colored boars ArtIlIcIa 39nsem39nation Farrow continuously in groups but year around Early weaning Market on carcass merit basis Totally Slatted Flooring Modern Finishing Facility Damaged grains Moldy grains Insect damaged grains Grains contaminated with weed seeds Packing house byproducts lnedible fat Meat meal Blood meal Bone meal Dried blood plasma 4 Simple digestive tract e concentrates better than roughages E Susceptible to nutrient delioienoies 5 Grow rapidly and efficiently From birth to market in 56 months 6 Unique reproductive traits 1 Serve as a market for farm labor 2 Serve as a market for grain Conver s corn poor quality protein to meat high quality oteIn 3 Serve as a market for unusable products Milling byproducts Wheat bran middlings Dairy byproducts Whey dried whey lactose Distillers byproducts Distillers grains DDGS Brewers grains Bakery waste Restaurant grease Garbage Early sexual maturity 67 months Short gestation period 114 days Produce offspring at 1 year of age Short lactation 24 weeks Can produce 2 2V2 litters per year Can produce 25 pigs per sow per year So a sow can produce 35 tons of live hogs per year mum ovur um Eng of way Low mmmm m bmnng annnls Pu and polk an m Huh mag valuuolsows whun sold Pu ammnyanms Pu a gimp Lam Invumvm m mlhlngsand mum ms am to my and Damn Mun hlgh Man of manqu skill m limo s was out a probbm 7 hm no morn 4 mm mag isonvllnb poor Polk numb wan don5 bulor onsunm at r mmmn w r s mounwndud quotwe orgamm H mm Largum 01mm ny organizallon m a world was maholk 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