INTRO TO SOCIOLOGY
INTRO TO SOCIOLOGY SOC 101
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Mittie Jast on Friday October 23, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to SOC 101 at University of Kentucky taught by Holcomb-Kreiner in Fall. Since its upload, it has received 35 views. For similar materials see /class/228122/soc-101-university-of-kentucky in Sociology at University of Kentucky.
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Date Created: 10/23/15
Soc 101401 Fall 2010 Study Guide Exam I Part I General Guidelines 1 9 No study guide can possibly cover all topicsitems in every conceivable way that they might appear on the exam Thus even though something is not on this guide it is still fair game a The exam material will cover topics issues and concepts discussed in class b Use the questions asked during group work or class discussion to guide review of the material found in the weekly readings The exam will include multiple choice truefalse short answer matching and llintheblank In general you should be able to do the following a Match a person with hisher major accomplishments theory andor concepts b Recognize examples definitions and relationships between concepts as they pertain to sociology Provide examples and definitions as they pertain to sociology Be able to list and explain any steps or processes associated with a term 99 Part H Terms Socialization Internalization Agents of Socialization Charles Horton Cooley Looking glass self George Herbert Mead Cultural Relativism Ethnocentrism Culture Shock Anomie Science Scienti c method Idiographic research Nomothetic research Validity amp reliability Max Weber Plagiarism IRB Deviance Master status Status set statusrole Moral holiday Censorship Surveillance the world taken for granted Society Alfred Schutz Culture Material culture Nonmaterial culture SapirWhorf hypothesis Part HI More complex than terms Please don t assume these will appear as short answer questions 1 N E 4 V39 What are social norm What are the different types Why do most people follow the social norms most of the time How are social norms internalized Social norms are present in every society They are what are considered normal or right They may be rigid or exible explicit or implicit Most people follow these norms because its subconscious It eases our way through the day and we only realize when someone DOESN T follow a norm social nouns are intenialized because there are no universal norms What factors in uence whether a behavior is considered deviant What factors in uence whether an individual gets the master status of deviant How does deviance promote both social change and social stability Behaviors are considered deviant when they go against social norms Rules cause deviance When someone s identity becomes deviant or freak it is used to discredit them Deviance promotes change because when enough people stray from the norm the deviant behavior becomes the new norm How are values norms and sanctions related Values are standards that people use to de ne good and bad Sanctions are the reactions to the way people follow social norms Be prepared to brie y discuss the various research methods utilized in social research What are the principles of ethical research Surveys observations experiments interviews Why is the scientific method emphasized Why is the use of good research methods essential to good science and especially social science Describe the common ways of obtaining knowledge or decision 0 gt1 9 50 LA 4 V39 making Why can t we simply use those as scientists Scienti c method is important because it increases the experiments validity and especially the reliability What is theory How is it used in research Why is theory particularly important to social scienti c studies The conclusion that comes from much testing is a theory It is not necessarily true but it has scienti c backingdifferent than a hypothesis Why is socialization necessary to being fully human How do the cases of Anna and Isabelle illustrate this Socialization is important because it allows us to develop basic skills to survive like eating speaking swallowing walking etc Although Isabelle had very little socialization she had more than Anna which made her more of a success story How are the Saints and Roughnecks an example of the effects of labeling and internalization of particular identity The fact that the saints had a higher status is society made them less likely to get in trouble Why were two of the Roughnecks Jack and Herb able to throw off the deviant label and follow a different trajectory from the rest of the Roughnecks They were athletes What is a subculture How is it similar to or different from a counterculture Subculture is smaller group within the large parent culture Counterculture is a youth opposition movement against the parent culture Review how Berger and Henslin characterize sociology Opening different doors on our life as to not leave any part of it unexplained Why does Clarence Page argue our society should move away from the colorblind attitude towards race and ethnicity We should be colorcurious rather than color blind What is meant by the term socioemotional economy The economy effecting emotions What is a sympathy margin How much sympathy you can get How is one s sympathy margin determined How much sympathy they give and 110w much they ask for What was Milgram s original hypothesis and objective for conducting his research How did he conduct his research What was the outcome of the experiments Did Milgram con rm his hypothesis Why or why not Milgrims hypothesis was that the Gennans were way worse than us and we would never commit the evils that they did His hypothesis was incorrect because the participants did not stop shocking the person Using the example described by Henslin about the plane survivors in the Andes address how reality is social constructed Reality is all based on context How does this incident illustrate the way meanings are created and recreated during a social process Things are appropriate based on the situation How are de nitions and behavior related to one another What factors led to a change in social de nitions and behaviors The need for survioral overruled everything else changing the behavior or the surviovors Describe the issues Jacobs had in conducting his research on streetcomer crack dealers Gaining the trust of the dealers dealing with the police nding the crack Be able to discuss why interviews were a good choice Scully and Marola s research as well as why their ndings cannot be generalized beyond those interviewed Interviews were a good choice because they got rst hand info on rape And since they only talked to rapeist this can not be generalized to everyone Using the examples described by Hall and Hall be prepared to discuss how communication is more than language and how body language is also prescribed by social norms
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