Full Quarter Course Notes
Full Quarter Course Notes
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Date Created: 01/15/15
PB AF 598 Emergency Management Reading and Lecture Notes Oct 13 2014 Climate Change Three approaches to climate change 0 Prevention How do we stop climate change 0 Kyoto Protocol UN Conference on Climate Change went into effect in 2000 industrialized countries given targets for reducing projected emissions 9 should enable less industrialized countries to catch up industrially and benefit from transfers of technology 9 US largest emitter of greenhouse gases and Australia did not ratify 9 climate progress adversely affected by nonagreement on policy and enabled other countries to back out of the agreement 0 Containment Where 0 Adaptation What now 0 Concerns over taking momentum away from prevention 0 Community action US cities signed on to follow the Kyoto Protocol near 1000 Building Adaptive Capacity at Seattle Public Utilities Paul Fleming Manager Climate Resiliency Group paulflemingseattlegov 0 Drinking water storm water wastewater and solid waste utilities 0 Municipal agency vertically integrated 0 900 M annual budget 0 Water and Climate Change Challenges alterations of the water cycle assets may lose functionality provision of essential services interrupted acknowledge the management imperative foster collaboration align operating environment 0 Set carbon neutrality goals 0 Climate Program Strategy 0 Build sustained capacity to manage the risks of climate change by enhancing knowledge assessing impacts and vulnerabilities building collaborative partnerships strengthening institutions and people pursuing portfolios of approached Water Utility Climate Alliance WUCA enhance the usefulness of climate science for the adaptation community and improve water management decisionmaking in the face of climate uncertainty crossagency collaboration on the national level Vulnerabilities research boutique studies targeted on specific needs 40 climate scenarios to update impacts NW Regional Modeling Consortium combined effects of sea level rising and precipitation Jet Propulsion Lab drought forecasting with USGCRPWhite House Actionable science provides data analyses projections or tools that can support decisionsideally coproduced by scientists and decisionmakers and creates rigorous and accessible products to meet the needs of stakeholders Need depth of skill in a given discipline and a willingness to collaborate across disciplines o Create an enabling environment 0 Leverage sustained capacity to embed what we re learning in what we do 0 SPU 20152020 Strategic Business Plan rates based on projections including climate change over the next five years 0 Seattle Rainwatch tries to forecast weather events takes realtime rain gauge information and creates a more spatiallyrefined source of information creates awareness about certain thresholds and when they are exceeded via email alert messages 0 Conclusions 0 Scientific enterprise is essential Parallel development of risk framing and management responses Actionable science Build sustained capacity Create an enabling environment Embed what we learn in what we do OOOOO Cycle of Emergency Response Recovery Adatation HIGH Resilience AWARENESS High Preparation Knowledge Mitigation Restoration Restrained a Emotion Ff N0 AWARENESS Oct 20 2014 Lecture 0 Community organizations work more effectively than government commandandcontrol 0 Government solutions tax abatements for public purposes loan fund at a low interest rate transfer of development rights owners sell rights 0 Resilience relationship with change ability to manage the change ability to capitalize on change opportunities multiple possible equilibrium and possible outcomes unpredictable must have a continual improvement function not a state but a process Resilient city responsiveness resourcefulness flexibility and diversity learning redundancy modularity robustness robust safe failure Level of Preparedness Before During After Low capabilities and Prevent project Respond Recover mitigate preparedness mitigate Outcome resilience Resist Absorb Recover or adapt Prioritization of risk Reduce failure Reduce time to reduction probability recovery Sarah McLaughlin Former Team Leader Central City Rebuild Plan Christchurch City Council 9 months prior to earthquake New Zealand does natural conservation very well architecture is secondary or contradictory Thousands of quakes over the course of a year 3500 over 30 60 over 50 0 September 4 2010 71 magnitude 0 February 22 2011 63 magnitude 70 of buildings in central city went down Six week campaign generating 105991 ideas shared by the community one idea for every 22 residents age 15 to 64 years 0 June 13 2011 63 magnitude 0 December 23 2011 60 magnitude Review insurance policies to understand individual and business priorities and safety nets governments can then understand where to fill in when emergency strikes to allocate scarce resources better All public space that can be replanned48 Hour Design Challenge key stakeholder engagement 5 central city sites 20 teams 140 participants 48 hours 0 Objectives affordable housing public open space river preservation 0 Anchor projects Convention Center moved to core local square central library Performing Arts Center 0 Green technologies Building a Sustainable Environment BASE point standard adapted to fit minimum resources available in New Zealand after an earthquake incentivize local materials Recovery relied on own staff and institutional knowledge instead of bringing in outside consultants economic advisors engineers etc in the same room to collaborate together Transitional city funding for nonprofits to start to fill vacant spaces Gap Filler Restart Project
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