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by: Ken Conroy


Ken Conroy
U of L
GPA 3.54


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Class Notes
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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Ken Conroy on Friday October 23, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to SOC201 at University of Louisville taught by D.Austin in Fall. Since its upload, it has received 39 views. For similar materials see /class/228341/soc201-university-of-louisville in Sociology at University of Louisville.




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Date Created: 10/23/15
TermsDef 39239 Sociology The scientific study of human society and social behavior Basic structure of society how people are stratified Forces that strengthens or weaken relationship love hate Social change conditions that lead to changes in relationships and society 0 00 Social Policy laws made from evidence from social science 0 00 Social Sciences figures and statistics that lead to social policy unbiased figures 0 00 Functionalist Consensus structuralist see people 0 00 Manifest functions obvious o 0 Latent Functions less obvious unrecognizable o o 00 Dysfunctions A consequence of some act or condition that threatens the wellbeing of the social order Pollution in industry even tho jobs are required 0 00 Normative Reference groupsShapes our frame of ref common outlook Maymaynot want to be apart 0 00 Comparative Ref group Who you choose to compare yourself with o 00 Classconsciousness meant there was growing awareness of class placement 0 00 Social facts general rates of behavior that we follow 0 00 Pecuniary Emulation each social class strives to consume goods as to portray themselves belonging to the next highest social class N quotWhite Collar American middle classesquot in US the workers are fairly conservative w identities o o 00 Dependent variable explained in research 0 00 Independent Variable used to explain the dependent variable When TOGETHER relationship is positive When INVERSELY relationship is negative 0 00 Hypothesis A stated relationship between 2 or more variables in real world 0 00 Theory A set of related hypotheses that suggest why evens occur in the manner they do 0 00 Replication The idea that we reflect our research in reports available to other researchers 0 00 Operationalization Asks how are you going to measure the variables 0 00 Descriptive Research portrays social reality or provides facts 0 00 Explanatory Research explains why or why not things happen causation o 00 Qualitative situation that are hard to measure in numbers 0 00 Quantitative looks at processes and situation that can be measured in numbers Participant observation Participate and observe Unobtrusive Measures No impact 0 00 o 00 o 00 Content analysis look for key words phrases ideas limited to only the information right there 0 00 Laboratory Experiment where you can create an artificial situation and observe people Positive you can control the variables Negative its artificial 4 Experimental Design gives information that very accurate You introduce the ind variable Control group is identical to the ind variable v Randomization Equal Distribution Surveys Adv Quantitative Black and white data Disadv Respondents Lie biased q setc o 00 o 00 Material aspects things able to be touched Non material aspects ideas and other abstractions Values shared ideas about what s important Real culture what s practiced Ideal culture what s expressed in the culture Validity are we measuring what we are actually supposed to be measuring Reliability Repeated observations will yield repeated results of the same thing Norms rules of conduct or social expectations that dictate our behavior in social situations 0 00 o 00 o 00 o o o 00 00 00 o 00 PROLETARIATworking class laborer BOURGEOISIE Own the means of production They own the business People Auguste Comte Development of the study of sociology Considered FATHER 0F SOCFUNCT Emile Durkheim Classified study ofSUICIDE Herbert Spenser Functionalist Compared society toLIVING ORGANISMS rabbit parts work together and function together If event bad happens still works not as well All components of society operate together Machine Institutions FUNCTION to make society operate changes in one aspect affects entire society Darwinian principles survival of the fittest cultures evolve from homogeneity to complex hetergeneity George Herbert Mead Humans unique in their ROLETAKING Irving Goffman Dramaturgicalquot Perception of self in everyday life Life is like a DRAMA ON STAGE Front Stage Public you Back Stage Prep work real you Ex Thanksgiving Dinner W Thomas If people define the situation as real than BECOMES REAL IN ITS CONSEQUENCES High school drama war of the world s broadcast Charles CooleyquotLOOKINGGLASS SELFquot how other ppl react to you 1 Perception or imagination of house we look to others 2 there judgment 3 our feelings Karl Marx SOCIAL CLASS related to the means of production Proletariat see terms Conflict based on social class Jane Addams lit to win NOBEL PEACE PRIZE MAPPNG WED DuBois Founder of sociological science Race was a problem of ignorance Double consciousness 3 levels of being aware of yourself for blacks Peggy McIntosh WHITE PRIVILEGE ThorsteinBebIen Theory of the LEISURE CLASS Conspicuous Consumption Pecuniary Emulation See terms Charles Wright The sociological imagination requires us to know ind bios Have to look at it in CONTEXT quotDEATH AND LIFE OF AN AMERICAN SMALL TOWNquot METHLAND Robert Marton Atomie theory CesareCombroso Demonologicical theory certain physical characteristics associated with deviant behavior William Sheldon Demonological theory deviance is related to body type Type of acts aredevant Sociologist areinteractionists Charles Cooley Looking glass self how we think others judge our behavior George Herbert Meacle Roletaking very important for young kids they learn social expectiations Irving GroffmanDramatargical approach Edward Sutherland WHITE COLLAR influenced person of respectable and highstatus crime LOW STATUS HIGH RISK LOW YIELD MONEY HIGH STATUS LO RISK HIGH YELD Corporate crime committed against public by a corporate group business State corporate crime gov and corporate combine together to commit a crime Hate crime llbias crime criminal offense against property or society that s modvated in whole or in part by offenders bias Growth in this Freud Id Ego Super Ego Piaget Evolution of Cognitation Qualitatiative differences at different ages SENSORIMOTER STAGE bZ Children learn in their environment PREOPERATIONAL STAGE 27 Children can think but its illogical CONCREFE 712 info is perceive logically but no abstract thinking FORMAL OPERATIONAL 12 abstract thinking Travis Hirchi social bond theory


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