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by: Ken Conroy


Ken Conroy
U of L
GPA 3.54

D. Austin

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D. Austin
Class Notes
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This 7 page Class Notes was uploaded by Ken Conroy on Friday October 23, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to SOC 201 at University of Louisville taught by D. Austin in Fall. Since its upload, it has received 51 views. For similar materials see /class/228342/soc-201-university-of-louisville in Sociology at University of Louisville.




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Date Created: 10/23/15
Theories Role of Sociology Changes norm accepted beliefs of society How society operates Confirms denies assumptions Provides information for social policy Levels of analyzing society Microquotindividual how person feel how the social world impacts us Organizationalquot Social life in large group College nstitutionalquotPatterned activities Religion family MacroquotWhole America 3 Bodies of knowledge Theories explains house things work Findings Research lending to possible theories Methods Tools to test theories Theoretical Perspectives 3 WAYS 0F SEEING THE WORLDIook at terms 1 Conflict perspective 2 Interaction 3 Functionalist Conflict Theog look at pleARL MARX Industrial Revolution London city couldn t handle in of ppl skilled workers no longer needed Classes PROLETARIAT working class laborer BOURGEOISIE Own the means of production They own the business 2 classes in constant conflict it s about Power Wealth Prestige Functionalist see consensus of those in power Interactions Theory perspective Pushes down on the individualsdaily activities MICRO level Laws of human progress 1 Theological Stage Ideas focused on nonempyrical dada and ideas In the supernatural world Priests Social groups Kinship or family Attachment to small groups and religious spirit 2Metaphysical State Cause and effect shifted to Abstract forces Social group State Control by state military and law 3 Positivistic Stage Observation Scientific method Social Group Scientists Mutual dependence coordinated by state general spirit Types of Suicide 1ALTRUSTC selfless person feels obligated to kill self for the good of their group High integration High regulation 2 EGOISTIC selfish when person feels so alone that they don t feel affected by being discouraged to commit suicide Low nt Low Reg 3 ANOMIC the idea of normlessness the rules are conflicting or they don t exist lnt High Low Reg 4 FATALISTIC Person feels powerless there life is way too heavily regulated Only option is to live or die prison CATHOLICS AND PROTESTANTS PROTESTANT HIGH CATHOLICS INTEGRATE PPL INTO THEIR GROUP MORE THAN PROTESTANTS Exchange Theom Life is a series of rewards and costs Maximize rewards minimizing costs Does not assume both parties are equal Demonlogical the devil made me do it Social Includes all of Robert martonsstuff Anome Theog strain theory There can be weak or conflicting socal norms and violating these could be deviant behavior Labeling Theory Social Reaction theory PPLs behavior is shaped by labels Ex labeled a criminal you become a criminal Foundation in Symbolic interaction theory Relies on primary and secondary deviance The more someone is defend as a criminal the more likely they will commit a crime PrisionizationHow do prisonor shape behavior Referred to as numbers stripped daily routins Inmates w shrtsentances are least prizionised lllrg II II more N 5 deprvations Liberty goods and services relationships autonomy SapirWhorf hygothesis tells us that our percceptions of reality are greatly influenced by the language we use TermsDef 39239 Sociology The scientific study of human society and social behavior Basic structure of society how people are stratified Forces that strengthens or weaken relationship love hate Social change conditions that lead to changes in relationships and society 0 00 Social Policy laws made from evidence from social science 0 00 Social Sciences figures and statistics that lead to social policy unbiased figures 0 00 Functionalist Consensus structuralist see people 0 00 Manifest functions obvious o 0 Latent Functions less obvious unrecognizable o o 00 Dysfunctions A consequence of some act or condition that threatens the wellbeing of the social order Pollution in industry even tho jobs are required 0 00 Normative Reference groupsShapes our frame of ref common outlook Maymaynot want to be apart 0 00 Comparative Ref group Who you choose to compare yourself with o 00 Classconsciousness meant there was growing awareness of class placement 0 00 Social facts general rates of behavior that we follow 0 00 Pecuniary Emulation each social class strives to consume goods as to portray themselves belonging to the next highest social class N quotWhite Collar American middle classesquot in US the workers are fairly conservative w identities o o 00 Dependent variable explained in research 0 00 Independent Variable used to explain the dependent variable When TOGETHER relationship is positive When INVERSELY relationship is negative 0 00 Hypothesis A stated relationship between 2 or more variables in real world 0 00 Theory A set of related hypotheses that suggest why evens occur in the manner they do 0 00 Replication The idea that we reflect our research in reports available to other researchers 0 00 Operationalization Asks how are you going to measure the variables 0 00 Descriptive Research portrays social reality or provides facts 0 00 Explanatory Research explains why or why not things happen causation o 00 Qualitative situation that are hard to measure in numbers 0 00 Quantitative looks at processes and situation that can be measured in numbers Participant observation Participate and observe Unobtrusive Measures No impact 0 00 o 00 o 00 Content analysis look for key words phrases ideas limited to only the information right there 0 00 Laboratory Experiment where you can create an artificial situation and observe people Positive you can control the variables Negative its artificial 4 Experimental Design gives information that very accurate You introduce the ind variable Control group is identical to the ind variable v Randomization Equal Distribution Surveys Adv Quantitative Black and white data Disadv Respondents Lie biased q setc o 00 o 00 Material aspects things able to be touched Non material aspects ideas and other abstractions Values shared ideas about what s important Real culture what s practiced Ideal culture what s expressed in the culture Validity are we measuring what we are actually supposed to be measuring Reliability Repeated observations will yield repeated results of the same thing Norms rules of conduct or social expectations that dictate our behavior in social situations 0 00 o 00 o 00 o o o 00 00 00 o 00 PROLETARIATworking class laborer BOURGEOISIE Own the means of production They own the business People Auguste Comte Development of the study of sociology Considered FATHER 0F SOCFUNCT Emile Durkheim Classified study ofSUICIDE Herbert Spenser Functionalist Compared society toLIVING ORGANISMS rabbit parts work together and function together If event bad happens still works not as well All components of society operate together Machine Institutions FUNCTION to make society operate changes in one aspect affects entire society Darwinian principles survival of the fittest cultures evolve from homogeneity to complex hetergeneity George Herbert Mead Humans unique in their ROLETAKING Irving Goffman Dramaturgicalquot Perception of self in everyday life Life is like a DRAMA ON STAGE Front Stage Public you Back Stage Prep work real you Ex Thanksgiving Dinner W Thomas If people define the situation as real than BECOMES REAL IN ITS CONSEQUENCES High school drama war of the world s broadcast Charles CooleyquotLOOKINGGLASS SELFquot how other ppl react to you 1 Perception or imagination of house we look to others 2 there judgment 3 our feelings Karl Marx SOCIAL CLASS related to the means of production Proletariat see terms Conflict based on social class Jane Addams lit to win NOBEL PEACE PRIZE MAPPNG WED DuBois Founder of sociological science Race was a problem of ignorance Double consciousness 3 levels of being aware of yourself for blacks Peggy McIntosh WHITE PRIVILEGE ThorsteinBebIen Theory of the LEISURE CLASS Conspicuous Consumption Pecuniary Emulation See terms Charles Wright The sociological imagination requires us to know ind bios Have to look at it in CONTEXT quotDEATH AND LIFE OF AN AMERICAN SMALL TOWNquot METHLAND Robert Marton Atomie theory CesareCombroso Demonologicical theory certain physical characteristics associated with deviant behavior William Sheldon Demonological theory deviance is related to body type Type of acts aredevant Sociologist areinteractionists Charles Cooley Looking glass self how we think others judge our behavior George Herbert Meacle Roletaking very important for young kids they learn social expectiations Irving GroffmanDramatargical approach Edward Sutherland WHITE COLLAR influenced person of respectable and highstatus crime LOW STATUS HIGH RISK LOW YIELD MONEY HIGH STATUS LO RISK HIGH YELD Corporate crime committed against public by a corporate group business State corporate crime gov and corporate combine together to commit a crime Hate crime llbias crime criminal offense against property or society that s modvated in whole or in part by offenders bias Growth in this Freud Id Ego Super Ego Piaget Evolution of Cognitation Qualitatiative differences at different ages SENSORIMOTER STAGE bZ Children learn in their environment PREOPERATIONAL STAGE 27 Children can think but its illogical CONCREFE 712 info is perceive logically but no abstract thinking FORMAL OPERATIONAL 12 abstract thinking Travis Hirchi social bond theory


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