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by: Miss Chase Cole


Miss Chase Cole
U of L
GPA 3.85

A. Caldwell

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A. Caldwell
Class Notes
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This 6 page Class Notes was uploaded by Miss Chase Cole on Friday October 23, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to POLS 323 at University of Louisville taught by A. Caldwell in Fall. Since its upload, it has received 23 views. For similar materials see /class/228352/pols-323-university-of-louisville in Political Science at University of Louisville.

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Date Created: 10/23/15
Queer Politics Final Review Christian Right Main opposition to the gay liberationgay rights movement Both began around the 1970 s Evangelical Christian group More successful politically as a whole Instrumental reactive and proactive groups Christian ideology to denounce the homosexual lifestyle DOMA Defense of Marriage Act 1993 Baehrv Lewin Hawaii lead to fear of constitutional issues with quotfull faith and credit clause 1996 legislation by Congress Don t have to recognize other state s definitions of marriage One man one woman in a marriage No federal marriage benefits for samesex couples ENDA Employee NonDiscrimination Act Started in 1974 as Gay Rights Bill to expand Civil Rights Act of 1964 1973 only reasonable firing of federal positions Clinton cannot fire on orientation 1996 proposed as ENDA lost 5049 2007 passed in House no Senate vote Bill introduced in every Congress except in 20052006 No quotas lt15 exempt religious org exempt Tra nsgender Individual crosses traditional gender dichotomy Goes against the gender socially constructed around their biological sex Often included in the LGBT movement some debate over whether aims of gayslesbians and transgender are similar enough or prudent to be combined Log Cabin Republicans Conservative members of the LGBT movement Often socially liberal with more fiscal and defensive conservatism Often minoritized by the LGBT movement Baehr v Lewin 1993 Case brought to Hawaiian Supreme Court by three samesex couples Argued unconstitutional to exclude homosexuals from marriage in HA constitution Ruled in support of samesex marriage Voters in Hawaii by large majority voted to exclude samesex marriage Very important in bringing DOMA to the forefront Ulane v Eastern Airlines 0 Pilot for Eastern Airlines fired following sexual reassignment surgery 0 Argues discriminated as trans and female Title VII of Civil Rights Act 0 Ulane won in District Court but was overturned in appeals o Ruled no precedence or intention for protection of transsexuals in CRA cannot change biological sex no female discrimination because llstill malequot and no evidence she was fired because female Domestic Partnerships 0 First step arising towards marriage equality o Offered some benefits of marriage limited in scope compared to marriage 0 Lower on the scale than civil unions 0 Seen as inadequate by movement led to expansion of push for marriage equality Federal Marriage Amendment 2003 then 2007 0 Congressional legislation introduced by influence of the Christian Right 0 Define marriage as one man one woman 0 Proposed amendment to Constitution 23 Congress 34 of states needed 0 Would remove state s rights must be amended again to change 0 Did not pass 0 Bush supports in early 2004 for political gain 11 states ban samesex marriage in Nov 04 Mattachine o Founded by Communist leader Harry Hay in 19501951 0 Large group of the early homophile movement 0 Beliefs Need leadershipunity Respect other minorities Homosexuals as a persecuted minority Society is heterosexual values should change to allow difference 0 Restructured to a more assimilationist approach sexuality irrelevant fit society Romer v Evans 0 SCOTUS rejected Amendment 2 of Colorado s Constitution 0 Amendment 2 repealed prior lawsprohibited creation of future laws for protection of gay rights 0 Argument was that it prevented special rights 0 Court said it imposed a disability on LGBTs and that the Constitution knows no class of citizens Loving v Virginia 1967 o SCOTUS case declared marriage segregation by race unconstitutional o Referred to marriage as llcivil rightquot and llindividual choice 0 Gave rise to the argument that samesex couples had such protection as well 0 Counterarguments sexual orientation never given suspect class no exclusion because marriage is between a man and a woman 0 Increased marriage equality for race therefore increasing mood for marital reform and ssm question Also Boston Marriages and Civil Right Act 1964 Queer Politics Midterm Review Sexologisis 0 Researchers and scholars on human sexuality Save Our Children Campaign Headed by Anita Bryant in 1977 to oppose antidiscrimination law for sexual orientation Miami 0 Limited Purpose Reactive group 0 Claimed ordinance discriminated against her right to teach morality and dangerous to society 0 Repeal vote passed by nearly 70 Sexual Psychopath Laws Gays could be arrested as quotcapablequot of committing future crimes and institutionalized o Policies arising in 1930 s40 s part of policies giving rise to homophile movement Mattachine o Founded by Communist leader Harry Hay in 19501951 0 Large group of the early homophile movement 0 Beliefs 0 Need leadershipunity Respect other minorities Homosexuals as a persecuted minority Society is heterosexual values should change to allow difference OOO Restructured to a more assimilationist approach sexuality irrelevant fit society Stonewall Rebellion Rioting and rebellion for three nonconsecutive days following police raid on gay bar in NYC the Village 0 High number of minorities Af Am Hisp drag queens males and youth 0 Striking that gays fought back and gained upper hand 0 Set stage for Gay Liberation Front Phyllis MartinDel Lyon 0 Gay rights and feminist activists o Founders of the Daughters of Bilitis o Leaders of first national lesbian organization in the US 0 First gay marriage after CA legalization Special Rights Strategy 0 Strategy of opposition against gay rights movements 0 Principles gay rights are additional rights undeserved rights immoral gay as elites choice to be gay o Often used to fragment minority groups especially targeting African Americans Moral Majority Evangelical Christian lobbyist group founded by Jerry Fallwell o Founded in 1979 dissolved in 1980 s strongly opposed to homosexuality 0 Key step in the formation of the new Christian Right Don39t Ask Don39t Tell 0 Executive Order 1993 President Clinton 0 Campaigned on service for all Congress overrode Clinton banning gays order made it acceptable to be gay as long as it is not mentioned or quotopenquot 0 One of the main successes of the CR movement against homosexuality and gay rights Senate Report on the Employment of Homosexuals State Dept official s statement that most of the subversive dismissed were homosexual 0 Led to witch huntSenate report on o Concluded that homosexuals were a threat to national security 0 Eisenhower 1953 Executive Order homosexuality as grounds for removal of employment Gay Activist Alliance 0 NYC 1969 Following Stonewall dissident members of GLF 0 Aims nonviolent politically neutral group to secure human rights and freedom for all gays o Utilized the Greek letter lambda o Performed quotzapsquot to gain media attention 0 Became National Gay and Lesbian Task Force Christian Coalition 0 General purposeinstrumental opposition founded by Pat Robertson 0 Launched with failed presidential bid by Robertson 0 Saw homosexuality as sinful and immoral political effort grassroots lobbying mail fundraising etc to maintain traditional structural values Kinsey Report Sexologist Alfred Kinsey Indiana University late 1940 s and 1950 s 0 Suggested much higher rates of premarital extramarital and homosexual sex than expected 0 20 w 37 m some overt homosexual experience 0 Suggested that perhaps rates are too high for homosexuality to be abnormal Daughters of Bilitis 0 See Phyllis MartinDel Lyon 0 Founded in 1955 lesbians had different concerns than Mattachine o Socializationmeeting other lesbians somewhat nonpolitical o Mainly white middleclass women o Emphasis on research and educating the public slowly on the issues worked w Kinsey Institute Harry Hay See Mattachine Romer v Evans SCOTUS rejected Amendment 2 of Colorado s Constitution 0 Amendment 2 repealed prior lawsprohibited creation of future laws for protection of gay rights 0 Argument was that it prevented special rights 0 Court said it imposed a disability on LG BTs and that the Constitution knows no class of citizens Christine Jorgenson o 1952 first mainstream transsexual 0 Male to female former US soldier 0 Had gender reassignment surgery in Denmark then returned to the US 0 Gained celebrity like status and was generally accepted by the public Gay Liberation Front Revolutionary group following Stonewall 0 Sexual liberation requires abolishing existing social institutions 0 Formed common causes with other radical groups 0 Some broke off to for the Gay Activists Alliance


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