HON INTRO TO WORLD RELS
HON INTRO TO WORLD RELS HUM 216
U of L
Popular in Course
Popular in Humanities
This 9 page Class Notes was uploaded by Dr. Joanny Gaylord on Friday October 23, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to HUM 216 at University of Louisville taught by M. Hagan in Fall. Since its upload, it has received 29 views. For similar materials see /class/228382/hum-216-university-of-louisville in Humanities at University of Louisville.
Reviews for HON INTRO TO WORLD RELS
Report this Material
What is Karma?
Karma is the currency of StudySoup.
You can buy or earn more Karma at anytime and redeem it for class notes, study guides, flashcards, and more!
Date Created: 10/23/15
Introduction l A p 6 Siddhartha Gautama a Born of Salltya clan and was a prince b Taught Middle Way bw luxury and austerity c Became Awakened One Buddha d 3 historical traditions developed Theravada Mahayana Vajrayana Contemporary Engaged Buddhism Adopt 3 refuges to become Buddhist refuge in Buddha dharma one achieves liberation nirvana through this and sangha Four Noble Truths a Life inevitably involves suffering b Suffering originates in desires for transient things c Suffering can be ceased by eradication of desires d Path to liberation from desires is 8 fold path Eight Fold Path a Right understanding b Right motives thoughts c Right speech d Right action e Right livelihood f Right effort g Right mindfulness h Right meditation Some basic further obligations or precepts sila a No harming living things b Not taking anything not given c Not misusing sensual pleasures d Not speallting falsely or abusively e Not tallting intoxicating drugs or drinks f Not eating solid food after midday g Not engaging in frivolous amusements h Not adorning one s body i Not sleeping in high or luxurious place i Not being involved with money The Awakened One account told by Asvaghosha a Defeat of Mara and Enliahtenment Asvaaosha 39 Enlightenment of Buddha is told by Asv in Acts of Buddha At 35yrs Salltya Gautama is mediating under bodhi tree and is tempted by Mara He transforms Mara from thunderous wrath into flowers This enlightenment blossomed and he became the Buddha 3 sons of Mara Caprice Gaiety and wantonness ii39 3 Daughters of Mara Discontent Delight and Thirst iv Demon army of Mara had animal faces v Nothing was working out for the army as they tried to scare the sage v vi39 viii ix Sage sfarfed seeing fhings lillte passing away and rebirfh of all creafures He examined 5 spheres of life 7 days he saf looking info his mind and nof winking Preach franquilify in order fo dispel darkness of ignorance b Speculafions Undeclared from fhe Culamalunlltya Suffa Mosf nofable feaching of Buddha was pracfical rejecfion of mosf mefaphysical speculafion since if did nof lead fo direcf medifafive experience of enlighfenmenf fhaf overcomes suffering n fhis Buddha is feaching a disciple Malunkyapuffa fhaf efforfs fo answer speculafive quesfions are fruifless Man fhaf is shof wifh an arrow eX no medical freafmenf unfil he knows social casfeefc of person who affacllted 7 Theravada feaching of fhe elders Adheres fo early scripfuressuffas and monasfic renunciafion Ifs fexfs are drawn from fhe Pali Canan Theravadan mediafion emphasizes sfages of affainmenf and mindfulness or Vipassana insighf medifafion deal Buddhisf arhaf a monk fallting refuge in fhe Buddha an accomplished ascefic who affains nirvana fhrough self efforf a The Dhammapada V v vi39 Teaching of fhe verses 423 i Teachers offen are expecfed fo conclude a discourse wifh a key verse gafha Life of peace and non violence hafred can never be overcome by hafred only by lltindness Karmic consequences follow all acfions and fhose acfions follow from fhoughfs This passage emphasizes imporfance of resfrainf and awalltening fo franscendence rafher fhan resorfing fo life of seclusion Many languages Pali Tibefan Chinese efc Aggregafes are fhe greafesf ill b Reiecfion of Birfh Casfes from Vaseffha Suffa When Buddha was living fhere were many movemenfs fhaf arose from eXfernal religious formalifies and rigid social implicafion of casfe sysfem Some profesfors became ascefics The Hindu Upanishads lif grew ouf of fhis movemenf emphasizing renunciafion and franscendenfal lltnowledge rafher fhan rifual and casfe n NE India less influenced arose several non orfhodox secfs including Buddhism This exfracf is from Vaseffha Suffa is a Buddhisf sfafemenf rejecfing fhe belief fhaf one is born info one s social casfe and affirming fhaf one s merif is defermined by one s acfions 8 Mahayana Mahayana dharma feaching emphasizes one s inherenf wisdom and compassion for all senfienf beings The ideal pracfifioner bodhisaffva is complemented by compdssion of the bodhisdttvd kdruno ond olso the wisdom projnd of the emptiness hos on indestructible didmond vojro qudlity thdt cuts through duolistic illusions Compossion is the dyndmic meons upoyd of octing in the world Enlightenment emerges when compdssion ond wisdom ore experientidlly discovered to be one Physicol mentdl processes con olso become vehicles for enlightenment This dpprooch is related to Hindu Tontric ritudl proctices ond requires guidonce from d compdssiondte tedcher ldmd V uses imdges of divinities mudrds meditotive gestures ond postures montros sdcred sylldbles ond phrdses ond monddlds ds oids to meditdtion 0 Love Kindness ond Universdl Responsibility by the Ddloi Lomo i Tibetdn Buddhists exiled becouse of communist Chino And settled in Dhordmsdld ndid or Nepdl or spredd Confucianism Introduction Currenf leader of Tibefon Buddhism is Doloi Lamo Tenzin Gyofso and he was given Nobel Peace Prize in 1989 for Buddhisf non violence in sfruggle Wifh Chino This is on exfrocf from his occepfonce speech Speollts obouf dongers of The populofion ond environmenfol crises consumerism religious infoleronce and The need for o non violence ond compossion n exile he hos offempfed fo shiff his culfure from o fheocrofic fo democrofic governmenf A leader forcefully exiled from his counfry sfill he inspires mony fronslofing Buddhisf principles of compossion ond pofience info confemporory opplicofion Individuols need To ossume universol responsibilify Presenf dilemmo is our undue emphasis on moferiol developmenf Humons ore one big family including oil We need To keep humonify Economic inequolify in developed vs undeveloped places is The greofesf source of suffering Respecf all forms of religion becouse fhey ore produce good ppl Eliminofe weopons Developmenf befween compofibilify of science and religion Be more ecologicol T Confucionism is more humonisfic amp progmofic Developed from emphosis on venerofion of oncesfors amp moinfenonce of rifuols Ii in order To sfoy in hormony Confucius was 0 proponenf of The oncienf rifes as o procficol pose for on orderly and morol sociefy He focuses on The developmenf of virfues wifhin relofionships Humonify ren His ideos weren f occepfed in his fime buf were during The Hon dynosfy 2 Dooism is more mysficolly inclined The Confucian Classics T Heorf of Confucion feochings is found in Four Boollts The Anolecfs if Confucious The Book of Menicus and 2 exfrocfs from The Docfrine of The Mean and The Greof Leorning o The Anolecfs of Confucius o b c d e Anolecfs Lunyu ferse soyings collecfed by Confucius sfudenfs i Superior mon is devofed To The fundomenfolsroof When The roof is esfoblished fhe morol low Doo will grow Filiol piefy ond brofherly respecf ore roof of humonify hormony is mosf voluoble porficipofe in socrifice superior mon doesn f go owoy from humonify good Woy how con we serve spirifuol beings if we con f serve men firsf give up ormomenf fhen food fhen confidence beneficiol friendship uprighf frufhful well informed xi hormful friendship floffer meellt compromise wifh principles clever xii procfice eornesfness liberdlify frufhfulness diligence and generosify b The Docfrine of fhe Medn i The middle woy ii Emphdsizes conformify wifh fhe Ddowoy iii Ddo in Confucidnism ndfurdl way of humdn sincerify iv Ddo in Ddoism way of heaven v Superior man is wofchful vi Before differenf feelings arise if is colled equilibrium Edch drise wifh due medsure and degree hormony vii Harmony and equilibrium meef edrfh will dffdin proper order viii Tredf in relofionships l Fdfher fo son ruler fo minisfer elder bro fo younger friend fo friend ix Be sincere fo develop full nofure X Way of heaven and edrfh in l senfence fhey ore wifhouf dny doubfless and so fhey produce fhings in on unfdfhomdble woy xi Redd pages 151 153 Taoism Infroducfion l Disfincfly mysficol 2 Bdsed on oncief Chinese Wdys ond fedchings of soges eg Ldozi 3 D00 de jing is dffribufed fo Loozi proposes philosophicol defochmenf dllow fhings fo follte ndfurdl course 4 Be quief ond recepfive fo live in hormony 5 Doo ndfurdl flow of life eferndl Redlify 6 Accepf everyfhing wifh equdnimify 7 Energy is nof fo be wosfed in drfificidl dcfion buf may be expressed sponfdneously ond credfively when ndfurdl energy is flowing in fhdf direcfion The fradifional canon l Ldozi curdfor of fhe royol librdry during fhe Zhou dyndsfy 2 Af l Oyrs he was going fo mounfoins fo refire ond gof sfopped by border guord fo share his wisdom 3 5000 chordcfers fronslofed more fimes fhon Bible 4 The D00 0 Nof Ddo forever b non being is used fo describe Heaven and Eorfh c being is used fo describe fhe mofher of fen fhousdnd fhings d mysferious 5 The Sprirf of fhe Valley 0 Eferndl fhe mysferious femdle b Gdfery roof of heaven and edrfh c Used buf never used up 6 Wdfer o Benefif ppl wo compefing ond seffle is mosf despised pldces fherefore if is like fhe D00 7 Embrocing fhe One 0 Q1 b Wu wei 8 Emptiness o 30 spokes shore 1 hub by virtue of its Emptiness the hub is useful to the cort b to hove something may be beneficidl but its Emptiness thdt is hos its use 9 Anti Confucidnism d When gredt Ddo declined the doctrines of ren ond yi dppedred 10Su ond Pu Abdndon sdgeliness and wisdom Abdndon ren and yi Abdndon cleverwords and profit Monifest simplicity su Embrdce the uncorved blocllt pu Reduce selfishness g Hove few desires 11Flooting in the dorllt a Stop ledrning and you will stop worrying 12The Ddoist Soge 0 Sage embraces the One and becomes the model of the universe 13Ddo quotCDQOO39Q Shdped by chdos and born before heaven and earth Unchonged by exterior forces Circular motion Greot things doo heoven earth and humdnlltind 14The Role of the Femdle 0 Understand the mole white and honored b Keep the role of the female block and humble 15 Reversion o The way the D00 moves b Weakness is whdt the D00 employs 16 D00 and De 17Wedlltness and Strength 0 Few hove capacity to understdnd wu wei 18Wu wei erwu bu wei 19Spedllting ond Knowing 20Wdter 21 Utopid The Great and Venerable Teacher by Zhuangzi 1 2nd mojor boollt humorous and ironic 2 True mon ideol sdge Heaven s Gifts by Liezi 1 Liezi cldimed he could ride on wind Book of Liezi is 3rd old scripture Universe composed of qi Qi is insubstontiol but continudlly becomes more compdcted and solid and then dissolves into nothingness 5 Book of the yellow emperor QOO Q boom Later Developments l 2 0M 2 3 Sects that tend to focus on gods spirit magic ritual alchemical efforts to achieve physical immortality Complex medical systemzyin and yang Communication of the force of life with heaven from Huangdi Neijing Suwen Yin and yang are everything Communication with heaven has been foundation of life Nine male orifices and two female principle Awakening to Perfection by Zhang Boduan n immortal Daoism there are various means of ascending from earthly life to immortal heavenly glory eg yellow emperor on dragon Spiritual practices to develop immortal embryo while others develop their subtler energies until they dissolve into Dao Important alchemy text Wuzhen pian Awakening to Perfection written by Zhang Boduan very metaphorical The Way of Perfect Truth by Wang Zhe l 2 New sects mix Buddhism and Confucianism with Daoism Perfect Truth sect basic precepts a On Residence and Covering i Simple thatched covering so you don t violate sun and moon ii No cutting down trees On Companionship i True friends to take care of each other in illness and help in burial i Find out character first ii39 Love but do not become to attached to it iv 3 dimensions of compatibility understanding mind possession of wisdom and an intensity of aspiration v 3 dimensions of incompatibility inability to understand external world lack of wisdom accompanied foolish acts lack of high aspiration accompanied by a quarrelsome nature On sitting in meditation i Have mind be immovable d On pacification of the Mind i 2 minds i one mind is quiet unmoving darllt silent deep subtle no distinction bw inner and outer contains no wandering thought other mind is in contact with external forms will be dragged into all kinds of thoughts restless confused this needs to be eliminated e On nurturing one s nature i Need to find perfect medium f On aligning the Five Primal energies i Found in the Middle Hall ii 3 primal energies are located at the top of the head 2 are harmonized then beginning with the Green Dragon and the White Tiger supreme yin yang pair then 10000 gods in the body will be arranged in perfect harmony g On the Union of Nature and Destiny F7 O i NoTure spiriT desTiny moTeridl energy ii The bird is conTrolled by The dir one con be wthever one wills On The PdTh of The sdge i One musT dccumuldTe meriT ocTions ond True prdcTices On Trdnscending The Three redlms i 3 redlms desire form ond formlessness ii The mon who Tronscends oil 3 redlms will be in The reolm of immoerls iii dbide forever in reolm of Jdde lillte PuriTy On culTivoTing The Body of The Low i Body of The low is formless form ii MusT be culTivoTed in order To dTTdin The True Woy iii NdTure needs To follow iTs own course On ledving The Munddne world i Ledving behind munddne mind noT body ii Anology of loTus The STory of He Xiangu a Female Immorfal 0U391JgtAl 8 immoerls selfless virTue dsceTicism she was on old lozy womdn s servonT 7 beggors come To her one dfTernoon She sTole food even Though she would be bedT Old lddy mode beggors vomiT ond mode girl eoT iT ond Then she become on immoerl The Essence of Tai Ji l Tdijiquon exercises 2 Meanl discipline ond physicol did To dllow viTol breoTh qi To move freely 3 Al Hudng Teoches wesTerners 4 Yin ond yong shows movemenTs ond To show Tth in universe uniTy There is duoliTy poldriTy ond conTrdsT 5 This exercise helps you realize bdldnce beTween Two ond noT rejecT 6 Work shouldn T be 0 chore ond should find uniTy wiTh fun 7 ConTinuous flow discussed in I Ching Yijing The Book of Chonges 8 Yin chdnge yong consTdnT or vise verso 9 Circulor move Zen Discovering Universal EmpTiness by Dogen l 2 3 4 Dogen Jdpdnese BuddhisT philosopher Orphdned of 7 ond joined mondsTery of T3 Founded SoTo Zen secT ond ocTive in Eiheiji Temple He quesTioned wheTher enlighTenmenT is insToneous or grddudl ond concluded Tth in oil zozen siTTing meddeTion non Thinllting universol empTiness is close ds your nose one is in The midsT of redlizing Buddhd noTure 5 All Things ore Buddhd noTure buT remdin dormdnT unTil owolltened in prdcTice Zen and Koans by DaiseTz T Suzuki T Suzullti edrly populorizer of Zen ond ToughT in KyoTo Jdpdn 2 Spoke To wesTerners Through longuoge of ego love ond Trdgedy 3 Sound of one hond cldpping 4 Post intellectudl onswer 5 Koon A public document selling up 0 stdnddrd ofjudgment stdtement mode by en moster or onswer given to 0 question dsllter 6 Intellect enemy Nothing to Do with Rules by Bankei 1 Rules and precepts would not be needed in fully Buddhd mind 2 Rightness flows 3 17th century zen moster 4 insisted on spontdneity 5 love and do whdt you will by Augustine 6 dbide by the unborn Buddhd mind 7 no such thing ds precepts then
Are you sure you want to buy this material for
You're already Subscribed!
Looks like you've already subscribed to StudySoup, you won't need to purchase another subscription to get this material. To access this material simply click 'View Full Document'