Week Ten Notes: Peter's Successors
Week Ten Notes: Peter's Successors History 325
Popular in Russia to 1881
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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by KatieAlbritton on Friday October 23, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to History 325 at University of North Carolina - Wilmington taught by Dr. Susan McCaffray in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 43 views. For similar materials see Russia to 1881 in History at University of North Carolina - Wilmington.
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Date Created: 10/23/15
Week Ten Notes Succession of Peter the Great Katie Albritton Study Soup Freedom Style Clothes beard Public relationship between the sexes end of the terem Adopting a critical scientific attitude Rationalism V Piety Irreverence Toward the church Is the change in style a change in substance To Increase the Effective Power of the State Tax and other revenue collection Enforcement of state laws Effectiveness of army and increasingly navy Role of state bureaucrats supersedes that of hereditary nobility Hardening of servile dependent categories Dependent v independent people A Revolution A lubok Woodcut popular pictures political cartoons James Cracraft Peter wrought a revolution Russia changed from being a medieval monarchy to a European bureaucratic absolute monarchy The Great Northern War v Sweden 17001721 Initial defeat at Narva Innovation Conscript 120 for life bad for wives 1725 210000 regulars 100000 cossacks Selfsufficiency in musket production 1701 6000 intlocks 1711 40000 intlocks Russian victory after 21 years Gains in the Great Northern War Urals iron industry Encouraged mining 1725 Russia exports pig iron and finished goods Wool industry Navy 28000 men 48 warships 800 others Gulf of Finland New city 1703 St Petersburg Mouth of the Neva River The Window on the West Swamp Ditch digging drainage A lot of bricks Capital of Russia in 1709 Success Russia39s allies Saxony Poland Denmark Prussia Hanover 1709 Victory at Poltava V Sweden39s Charles XII 1710 Ottomans enter V Russia 1711 Russia loses fortress at Azov 1721 Treaty of Nystad Russia gains Latvia Estonia Karelia Constant fiscal drain during Peter39s reign Emperor Peter the Great Peter39s Fiscal Military State 1711 Creates a senate Fiscal and judicial body replacing boiar duma Establishes a cameralist government organized by colleges College of Treasury etc Creates 50 provinces in European Russia 1718 The service state v the patrimonial state End of patrimonial state All must serve the state Peter39s Successors Alexander Petrovich Dies in prison Peter Alexeiovich 17271730 Anna Ioanovna 17301740 From Ivan V39s side of the family Conditional rule with privy council Rolls back the power of the council Concessions for the nobles to stay in power None of the female rulers marry Ivan IV 17401741 Was an infant Elizabeth Petrovna 1741 1762 Coup against Ivan IV does not kill him Francophile loved French culture Wanted to continue Peter the Great39s agenda Westernization Modernization Builds Winter Palace Peter III 1762 Elizabeth39s nephew Seven Year39s War 17561763 Britain v France Austria v Prussia Russia aids France Peter III In his 3039s when he becomes Tsar Prussofile Father was a German noble Holstein Spoke German never got the hang of Russian Switched to Prussia39s side in the Seven Years War Not a good start to a short reign Catherine II 17621796 the Great Sophia August Fedorovich of AnhaltZerbst Born 1729 Grand Duke Peter Fedorovich of Holstein Second cousins Both Germans Catherine and Peter married 1745 17 years before Peter becomes Tsar The Young Court They HATE one another Why so many palace coups in the 18th century Confused dynastic lineage Rise of the Guard of Regiments as political actors Preobrazhensky Semyonovsky Increasing premium on governing skills diminishing direct military rule Series of minors incompetents unpopulars Politically skillful female aspirants Catherine the Mother Paul born 1754 Sergei Saltykov Serial monogamy Stanislas Poniatowski a daughter Gives lover Poland once he is set aside for a new one Grigorii Orlov a son Poor relationship with Paul Peter39s mistress Ekaterina Vorontsova Catherine the Philosophe Montesquieu The Spirit of the Laws 1748 Beccaria Voltaire Diderot German Cameralists J usti Bietfield Sonnenfels Who were her contemporaries 1760s Adam Smith Thomas Jefferson John Adams Thomas paine Beethoven Jane Austen The Enlightenment Individual freedom Society is composed of individuals Who are sovereign Have civil rights Some are independent Just and orderly state A neutral arbiter among individuals Advances the economic wellbeing of the people Advances the sovereignty of the nation So that it can be independent
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