PSYCH1010: Composite/Ecological Model of Person, Motivation and Emotion, and Drive Theory
PSYCH1010: Composite/Ecological Model of Person, Motivation and Emotion, and Drive Theory PSY 1010
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This 9 page Class Notes was uploaded by Kelly Parsley on Friday October 23, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to PSY 1010 at University of Tennessee - Chattanooga taught by Paul J Watson (P) in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 75 views. For similar materials see Introduction to Psychology in Psychlogy at University of Tennessee - Chattanooga.
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Date Created: 10/23/15
PSYCH 1 010 Introduction to Psychology Dr Watson Monday 101215 COMPOSITEECOLOGICAL MODEL OF THE PERSON Review Eliminating Reductionism body R gt I gt E 0 Radical Behaviorism environment S gt R 0 Cognitivism mind sensory registration gt short term memory gt long term memory 1 We developed a CompositeEcological Model of the person during this lecture What is a model in this instance And what does the word composite mean in this context WHICCO m Model theory 0 Stimulus gt body RgtIgtE or mind sensory registrationgtconscious awareness gtlong term memorygt Response 0 When we respond we change our stimulus relationship 0 When responding we immediately have an impact on culture and history 0 Culture and history has an impact on the physical environment 0 The physical environment also has an impact on you 1 How is the perspective of eliminative reductionism included in the Composite Model 0 It is a portion of what is in the black box in the middle of a stimulusresponse model How is the perspective of radical behaviorism included 0 The model is a stimulusresponse style but has more information between stimulus and response How is the perspective of cognitivism included 0 Cognitivism is within the black box in the mind portion of the stimulusresponse model What other causal processes are included in the model 0 Body mind culture and history and physical environment and stimulus and response In what ways do the causal processes of the CompositeEcological Model interact They all interact among each other every piece is connected In class we will talk about a child who would walk up to me at a previous job and ask Excuse me am I still John Paul Jones How might this behavior be explained in terms of the Composite Model of the person The cause is rooted in brain damage so it would be easiest to follow the body pathway of the stimulusresponse composite model for the cause but the piece missing in his mind process is the storage of present information he has anterograde amnesia 0 Cause loss of the psychological process of STORAGE due to bodily brain damage and diabetic genetic history 0 Due to the unfamiliar physical environment he was unsure of who he was 0 It would39ve been ideal for him to be at home but care could not be afforded this is the culturalhistorical aspect of the model 0 Diabetes occurs when there is an deficient amount of sugar in the bloodstream this sentence is also caused by the lack of sugar in his body physical environment 7 What is anterograde amnesia Forwardgoing amnesia cannot store present happenings but remembers the past before brain damage occurred 0 Retrograde amnesia backwardgoing amnesia loss of past memories and long term memories after awhile this also leads to anterograde amnesia Wednesday 101415 DEFINING MOTIVATION AND EMOTION 10 How might research into emotion and motivation be framed within the context of the CompositeEcological Model of the person Motivations and emotions located in the mind How do the historical origins of the words emotion and motivation suggest that these two processes are related 0 Both come from Latin word quotmotquot meaning quotto movequot think of them like motors How is motivation defined by psychologists How might it be defined informally Motivation defined by psychologists involves factors that arouse sustain and direct behavior toward goals Informally defined movement and behavior due to desires How is emotion defined by psychologists How might it be defined informally 0 Emotion represents complex reactions to personally significant stimuli Informally movement due to things one cares about or feelings 11 What are the three dimensions or aspects of emotional reactions 0 Subjective mental reactions what is felt psychologically Physiological bodily reactions heart rate muscle tension sweat blood pressure etc Behavioral feelings are shown in correlated behaviors in social life example anger can be shown by yelling clenched hands red face etc 12 What is the Type A personality and how might it be related to medical issues What aspect of the Type A personality proved to be most important in affecting the medical issues 0 Type A hardworking goaldirected ambitious workaholic Medical issues more vulnerable to coronary heart disease stroke high blood pressure than Type B the emotion that caused this was angerhostility that put stress on the circulatory system 0 Type B laid back relaxed not easily upset not driven to accomplish much healthier than Type A people 13 What does the phrase poker face tell you about emotions 0 Emotions are social and can be hidden by a control of behaviors facial expressions tone of voice etc 0 Some emotions have involuntary behaviors attached like dilation of pupils and poker players will wear sunglasses and caps to hide these changes of behavior 14 How is each of these dimensions measured in psychological research To measure emotion all three of these MUST be included 0 Subjective selfreport questionnaire 0 Physiological polygraph Behavioral behavioral observation audience 15 What is a polygraph Liedetector test 16 Does a lie detector detect lies What does it detect 0 It has a high correlation to finding lies but it mostly just detects arousal or upset 17 What is alexithymia How was it discovered Will at least some students in Psychology 1010 display tendencies toward alexiythmia And if so will those tendencies have any psychological implications Alexithymia condition in which people are without words for their emotions Medical doctors were studying people with psychosomatic disorders who could not understand their own emotions they could not process emotions and then could not adapt to the meaning of emotions This is a fairly common condition that can cause depression anxiety and low selfesteem 18 Within the context of the CompositeEcological Model how can emotion and motivation be described in terms of movementrelated processes 0 Stimulus gt emotion gt motivation gt response 0 Something we care about happens gt we are moved gt we desire to move gt we move 19 How can the issues of emotion motivation and movement be related to stress 0 If we cannot move or have a proper response stress occurs Friday 101615 DRIVE THEORY what is the cause of a motivated person 1 What prominent psychologist is associated with the development of Drive Theory 0 Clark Hull worked between 1940s1950s motivation of a person can be found through one39s primary needs which are caused by primary drives 20 What is a primary need 0 Goals necessary for survival 21 What are some examples of primary needs 0 Food and water are necessary for individuals 0 Sexual motivation and social activity are necessary for survival of species 22 What is a primary drive 0 Internal state of tension that directs behavior toward primary needs 23 What are some examples of primary drives 0 Hunger and thirst 0 Sexual desire and loneliness 24 What does the term homeostasis mean and how can it be related to Drive Theory 0 Homeostasis stable point 0 Drive systems try to maintain a stable range as the drive rises it tries to return us to a level of 0 need 25 Why is Drive Theory sometimes called Drive Reduction Theory 0 quotWe need not to needquot 0 We are constantly trying to get to a 0 level of need based on satisfying needs as they arise 26 What kinds of behaviors challenge the assumption of Drive Theory that we defend a zero 27 28 29 30 level of need How can these behaviors be related to Arousal Theory 0 Hang gliding and skydiving are examples that challenge the drive reduction theory they are not trying to return need levels to 0 but rather trying to arouse senses 0 Scary movies or haunted houses are also examples of the Arousal Theory 0 Arousal Theory persons have a nonzero level of need for arousal Everyone has a different level of necessary arousal they are born needing Emily Dickinson39s need for arousal is much lower than Paris Hilton What is a homeostatic system 0 Systems of need staying Within a close range of comfort around that need How many components does a homeostatic system have 0 4 system variable sensor set point and corrective mechanism How is each of these components defined System Variable variable monitored by the system 0 Sensor mechanism that monitors the system variable Set point level of system variable defended by the system Corrective mechanism returns system variable to set point What are the components of the homeostatic system associated With a typical home heating system 0 System variable air temperature 0 Sensor thermometer 0 Set point thermostat Whatever degree you set 0 Corrective mechanism furnace 31 How might hunger be described as a biological homeostatic system Specifically What are the basic components of this biological homeostatic system 0 System variable body weight 0 Sensor brain cells located in the hypothalamus 0 Set point lipostat Definition Hunger Heating System Variable Variable monitored by system Body weight Air temperature Sensor Mechanism that Brain cells Thermometer monitors the system variable Set Point Level of system variable Lipostat Thermostat defended by the system Corrective Mechanism Returns system variable Eating Furnace to set point Corrective mechanism eating 32 What is a secondary need 0 Learned need for goals that are indirectly necessary for survival 33 What is a secondary drive 0 Learned internal states of tension that direct behavior towards secondary needs 34 What is an example of a secondary need and secondary drive 0 Secondary needs money 0 Secondary drive parents taught children to desire money relationships and culture drive the needs 35 What features of the Ecological Model are implicated in the development of secondary needs 36 and drives Physiopersonal biological homeostasis Interpersonal some primary needs and learned secondary needs Intrapersonal Primary and secondary drives Metapersonal culture determines secondary needs Nonpersonal food water fresh air heat etc Using the Ecological Model answer the following question What is the cause of a motivated person Who we are as motivated people is caused by our nonpersonal variables and the factors in the environment around us
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