PSYCH1010: James-Lange Theory, Stress, and Well-being
PSYCH1010: James-Lange Theory, Stress, and Well-being PSY 1010
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This 6 page Class Notes was uploaded by Kelly Parsley on Friday October 23, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to PSY 1010 at University of Tennessee - Chattanooga taught by Paul J Watson (P) in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 39 views. For similar materials see Introduction to Psychology in Psychlogy at University of Tennessee - Chattanooga.
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Date Created: 10/23/15
PSYCH1010 Introduction to Psychology Dr Watson Wednesday 102115 J AMES LANGE THEORY 1 What does the J amesLange Theory attempt to explain 0 What are emotional experiences 1 What two individuals articulated this theory 0 William James philanthropist and Carl Lange Danish physiologist 2 In very general terms What does the J amesLange theory say about emotional experience Emotional experience is an experience of the autonomic nervous system 3 With regard to the output motor controls of the nervous system What are the systems that control movement 0 Central nervous system brain and spinal cord 0 Peripheral nervous system sensory nerves control inputs and motor nerves outputs Motor nerves somatic nervous system and autonomic nervous system 4 What is the somatic nervous system 0 Controls voluntary responses 5 What is the autonomic nervous system 0 Controls involuntary responses 0 Auto self Nomic law a law unto itself it controls itself 10 What are the two subdivisions of the autonomic nervous system and What do they do 0 Sympathetic nervous system controls energy expenditure fight or ight 0 Parasympathetic nervous system works next to the War was 5fem sympathetic nervous system in control of energy conservatlon W C 8 I ffa l What is the implied logic of the J amesLange p 58050 940 to Mair EPWQ 106M CHGS Coma 7 theory L I 50501515 aqmog jC 0 Emotions are involuntary involuntary reactions 3 V0 M 5 WWW 573 617 575 am L are part of the autonom1c nervous system C 5 bi t Snag27m Ra outs EDaeV 0 Emotions must be controlled by the autonomic nervous system What different components of the autonomic nervous system did James and Lange tend to emphasize in their theorizing about emotions 0 James viscera abdominal organs 0 Getting butter ies or nauseous gut feelings Lange vasculature circulatory system 0 Getting cold feet or blood boiling discolor in skin What are coarser and subtler emotions and how did James relate them to his theory 0 Coarser emotions hot strong inborn reactions James looked more at this one 0 Subtler emotions cool cognitive learned appreciations What is the unexpected sequence of events that is associated With the J amesLange theory How might this be described in terms of the example of running into a bear in the forest ll 12 13 14 15 0 What is expected Stimulus produces an emotion which leads to a response SER 0 What happens a stimulus produces a response which then leads to an emotion SRE Example How you explain it While hiking you come across a bear You were afraid so you ran faster than ever before Here39s what actually happened There was a bear so you ran away and then realized you were afraid Think BeargtFeargtRun Reality BeargtRungtFear Why might an explanation of emotional experience solely in terms of the autonomic nervous system be questioned Emotions are involuntary but they are in both the autonomic and somatic nervous systems How might the underlying logic of the theory be revised to address these concerns about a possible overemphasis on the autonomic nervous system Emotions are a whole body experience they are involuntary but produce physical reactions How might laughing at a joke that you get and at one that you do not get be useful in helping explain this underlying logic 0 You laugh when something is funny 0 If you force a fake laugh it doesn39t feel the same as a real one How might the J amesLange theory be stated after it has been revised 0 Happiness causes smiles but smiles also cause happiness Given the involuntary nature of emotions what is one of your main opportunities to exercise responsible control over them 0 Smiling Friday 102315 STRESS AND WELLBEING 1 How might stress be defined informally Being left hanging trapped With our feelings and desires and unable to move 16 How might stress be defined formally 0 When an individual confronts an event that seems overwhelming or threatening to personal wellbeing 17 What is the general adaptation syndrome Hans Selye long term stress produces the general adaptation syndrome 18 What happens during the alarm resistance and exhaustion stages of the general adaptation syndrome 0 Alarm sympathetic arousal 0 Preparing for fight or ight reaction 0 Resistance state of readiness Coping With alarm being on edge and ready to respond as the alarm stage continues Exhaustion depletion of resources 0 Stress isn39t going away and physiological damage or illness is probable stress can even kill the body if it reaches high levels of exhaustion 19 What physiological system underlies the response of the body to stress during the general adaptation syndrome What is ACTH 0 Hypothalamus pituitary and adrenal glands interact to lead to GAS Hypothalamus under stress activates pituitary gland 0 Pituitary gland is like the conductor of an orchestra and releases adrenocorticotrophic hormone ACTH Adrenal glands are beside kidneys critical in control of sympathetic and parasympathetic nervous systems release hormones called cortisol adrenaline epinephrine and noradrenaline 20 What is cortisol and how might it be described What are the effects of cortisol on the autonomic nervous system and on the immune system 0 Cortisol stress hormone that produces sympathetic arousal 0 Suppresses the immune system and makes body vulnerable to disease 21 What is the relationship of depression to cortisol levels and to health 0 Stimulus exam Without having read the book gt negative effect depression gt hideignore sleep gt response read book 0 Depression is associated With high levels of cortisol and health problems illnesses and lifethreatening conditions including heart attacks 22 What is primary appraisal Evaluation of a stimulus as stressful 23 What is secondary appraisal Evaluation of What can be done in response to how to cope with stress 24 As processes of secondary appraisal how do emotionfocused coping and problemfocused coping operate Which form of coping would usually be more advantageous 0 Emotionfocused coping try to change negative emotions associated With stress attempt to treat emotional symptoms doesn39t solve the problem 0 Problemfocused coping treat the cause of the stress and eliminate or remove source of stress respond to a difficult circumstance and do your best to alleviate it 25 What is ow and how might it be related to primary appraisal Flow process of being absorbed by something play not work 0 Eustress good stress challenge with something enjoyed If ow occurs primary appraisal stress becomes eustress 26 What is the relationship of optimism with depression and with physical health 0 Optimism predicts less stress allows for a longer life and provides less illness 27 What does research on optimism suggest about depression the pessimistic explanatory style and system of significance as a way for reducing stress Depressed people understand the world in a pessimistic explanatory style
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