Week 1 Lecture Notes - Intro to Cultural Anthropolgy
Week 1 Lecture Notes - Intro to Cultural Anthropolgy Anthropology 1010- Diane Ciekawy Introduction to Cultural Anthropology
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Haley Anglin on Thursday January 15, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to Anthropology 1010- Diane Ciekawy Introduction to Cultural Anthropology at Ohio University taught by Diane Ciekawy in Spring2015. Since its upload, it has received 498 views.
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Date Created: 01/15/15
Anthropology 1010 Week 1 Notes january 13 2015 Cultural Anthropology Introduction of Concepts 0 Anthropology the study of humans 0 Four major types categories 0 Cultural 0 Biological o Archaeology 0 Linguistics Enculturation How a person learns to become a member of their specific group 0 Methods of learning I Direct teaching I Play and mimicking following repeating the actions of others I Observe and social attention search and learn from others to see the results and how to respond to certain situations I Social ostracism The process of teaching a young person born into that cultural environment how to a member of the group The process of passing on info about a culture This is passed on from one generation to the next Results of enculturation Selective perception of and attention to the world Taking one s own culture s patterns for granted tendency to not subject them to thought they do not question their culture The assumption that one s own culture s patterns are normal natural good Tendency to keep to what is known The attitude that other culture s traits and behavior patterns are of lesser importance and can be discounted You accept the package you typically will not question 0 Our environment does not encourage it but instead we are encouraged to get the pattern right Ethnocentrism the belief and practice that one s own culture or group patterns are the best varies person to person Culture relativism viewpoint that maintains that each culture as a whole can be judged as better or worse that any other 0 Emic and etic perspectives 0 Field work and observation 0 Culture shock I and 11 Social Ostracism Exclusion from valued group activities and social life Exclusion can be short or longterm Has many uses in society but now we are emphasizing its role in enculturation This generally causes an individual to re ect on behaviors that displease group members So generally results in the affected individual show the individual changing their behavior to meet group standards expectations The fear of social ostracism in a major motivator to human life Culture vs Society Culture the complex pattern of thinking feeling and behaving that is distinctive of a group Society a group of people who live in a defined geographical location This location is defined by the researcher in question January 15 2015 Emic and etic perspectives Emic a perspective that comes from the group of people we are studying Etic a perspective that comes from outside the group we are studying They are usually different but one can in uence each other Fieldwork Inside and with the people they are studying You must be living in the community you are studying no less than 9 months typically about a year Understand many contexts of the group you are studying Central cornerstone of the operations in anthropology Culture Shock Experience of discomfort disorientation and frustration a person feels when they are in a new culture Some may feel panicked because you don t know what to do You don t have patterns to rely on Culture Shock I the discomfort you feel in the new environment you are place in Culture Shock II the discomfort you feel when you return to your original home environment from the new environment can be just as difficulty as culture shock 1 Identity sense of self in relation to others Biological Anthropology study biological aspects of human life Species groups of animals that have a similar basic genetic code 0 Evolutions 3 main processes 0 Mutation a change in DNA inside a cell contains genetic code of organisms 0 Natural selection genetic changes in the frequencies of certain traits in populations because of differential reproductive success among individuals 0 Genetic drift process by which genetic material in a population shifts over time in a recognizable way certain traits become more present or absent Genotype biological code transmitted through heredity Phenotype the characteristics of a plant or animal that is perceived and identified by a group of people depends on culture and perception Primates an order of Mammalia consists of humans apes monkeys and prosimians Many animals use tools Symbol a thing that stands for another thing