Week 9 Notes - Baroque II and Rococo
Week 9 Notes - Baroque II and Rococo THFM 4600
Popular in Period, Style, and Form
Popular in Theatre
This 6 page Class Notes was uploaded by Ashleigh Schneider on Friday October 23, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to THFM 4600 at Bowling Green State University taught by Margaret McCubbin in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 25 views. For similar materials see Period, Style, and Form in Theatre at Bowling Green State University.
Reviews for Week 9 Notes - Baroque II and Rococo
Report this Material
What is Karma?
Karma is the currency of StudySoup.
You can buy or earn more Karma at anytime and redeem it for class notes, study guides, flashcards, and more!
Date Created: 10/23/15
Period Style and Form Week 9 w 0 About Dutch Baroque 0 Political social and religious climate of the Dutch Republic differed from Flanders I Protestant I Ruling class made up of bourgeois merchants 0 A prosperous county where the wealth reached the lower levels of society I Many ordinary people were able to buy paintings 0 Preferred realistically rendered still lifes landscapes and portraits 0 The artist was a craftsman pursuing a job not an intellectual I Produced works purely for the market I Collectors were the main means of support 0 Painting 0 Dutch artists realized too many details detract from the truthfulness of the scene I Two approaches came from this I Realism 0 Obvious accurate detailing I Naturalism 0 Gives a convincing overall visual impression I Most attracted to Caravaggio s work rather than classicism 0 Both a sense of eeting stillness and permanent turmoil 0 Moving toward almost a photographic realism 0 Colors tones and proportions were studied from nature and carefully related to each other 0 In later Dutch painting there is a great mastery of color and form I They added an imaginative quality to keep the everyday subjects from being dull 0 The age of the portrait and selfportrait I Dedicated to selfrevelation of the inner man and thought instead of concealing the man behind a selfassured exterior 0 Frans Hals I Combined Rubens robustness with Caravaggio s dramatic moment I Recognized today as one of the most brilliant of portraitists I Main interest was the human face and figure I Painted many group portraits of the militia that helped maintain the Dutch Republic s independence 0 Rembrandt I Had a profound in uence on 19th century artists after 100 years of neglect I Strongly in uenced by Caravaggio and Ruben Words to describe his approach I Spirituality 0 Truth Often shows the isolation of the individual in a religious context Most famous work is The Night Watch I Considered a virtuoso performance of Baroque movement and lighting 0 Admired purely as a work of art Eventually broke every rule of Dutch painting 0 Had an in uence on his decreasing popularity in later years 0 Jan Vermeer I Produced a timeless stilllife world with hardly any narrative 0 Light is the only active element 0 A jewellike crispness 0 Reality is perceived as a mosaic of color surfaces I An original genius who was not valued until a century ago 0 Today considered one of the great masters second to Rembrandt I Known to have used a camera obscura a device which projects images 0 May have affected his style and methods I Only about 35 of his paintings are extant 0 Jacob Van Ruisdael I One of the greatest Dutch landscape painters I Had a great awareness of the forces of nature 0 Created a sense of enormous death and Baroque grandeur 0 Pieter de Hooch I Concentrated on depicting the harmonies of the middleclass Dutch life I A religion of order which exemplifies for these people 0 Cleanliness I Care for possessions 0 Everything in its proper place 0 Jan Steen I A tavern keeper who was interested in the comic aspects of human life and its accompanying mistakes I Jan Steed household 0 0 0 0 0 A Dutch expression for a place where nothing can go right I Has a fine sense of composition and an ability to handle figures as well as his more staid contemporaries Pieter Claesz I One of the chief still life artists of the time I His works were intended to appeal to the eye and palate at once 0 most tasteful were breakfast pieces which show the making of a between meal snack I Subject was usually expensive items that were carelessly handled ex overturned silver cup I Handles the subtle golden light and precise relationships between objects and their surfaces with an unexpected eloquence Judith Leyster I Painted a broader variety of subjects than many of her contemporaries I Married the successful artist Jan Molenaer I A pupil of Frans Hals and worked in a style very similar 0 Was also in uenced by Caravaggio Gerard ter Borch I Known for the subtlety of psychological nuance in his work and his excellence in perfecting the play of light on fabrics Aelbert Cuyp I Landscape artist in uenced by Italian styles I Landscapes are noted for their warm golden light 0 Furniture 0 0 0 The earliest of styles is Louis XIII I The carving of the Renaissance is replaced by geometric designs Furniture is elaborately carved and heavy in appearance A new piece is the armchair fauteuil I Upholstered with upholstered arms often ending in the head of a lion ram or female bust I First backs are low and rectangular but become taller as time goes on Chinese art begins to appear Workshops are set up for the development and spread of a particular style of decorative arts I Gliding and silvering become more common Marquetry I Becomes very important and reaches its height in the 18th century I Portrayed human figures and landscapes I This kind of work was associated with AndreCharles Boulle Chinese and Japanese lacquered pieces are popular at this time O I J apanned used to describe this work Bookcases I Appear with wood rather than glass fronts I Tester beds have four posters but actual posts holding up the canopies Duchesse beds two poster partial canopies Chairs I Become more comfortable I Upholstered in damask or velvet with a fringe England I Italian styles are considered too ornate I Preferred all wood marquetry I English craft motherofpearl and ivory used in furniture that is often engraved and stained green I Preferred oral and geometric patterns rather than figures Foreign architecture I American furniture is usually simplified versions of English work Rococo 0 About the Rococo 0 0 0 0 Given its name at the end of the 18th century because of its use of seashells bits of rock and other motifs that were used as decoration in grottos Rococo was not the only style that was being used in the 18th century I Classical Baroque architecture was still present in France and other countries I Palladianism was being transformed elsewhere Rococo refers specifically to interior design furniture and painting I Some sculpture and architecture also fits the style This style favored works on a smaller scale and in a more intimate setting I Works were gaily decorated lighthearted and sensual I Sculpture tended to be on a small scale much of the finest as porcelain figures The S curve is the most characteristic line of the Rococo This style was most consistent and strongest in France and Germany I Almost skipped England entirely 0 Painting 0 Figures are loosely scattered throughout the picture I the effect is less muscular and more uid I a sense of overall decorative design is the unifying element 0 Stock Commedia figures are common subjects 0 France 39 Watteau 0 The best of all the Rococo painters 0 Developed many of the characteristics of the style 0 Created a new type of painting fetes galantes elegant entertainments 0 Originally trained as a set designer and painter 0 The Academy let him write his own ticket for admission and created a new category to fit his subject matter 39 Boucher 0 Emphasis was on lighthearted eroticism 0 Very common for this period 0 His work epitomizes the pleasureloving aspect of Rococo 0 The favorite painter of Madame de Pompadour a great patron of the arts I Fragonard 0 Similar subject matter to Boucher 0 His work shows an energetic spontaneity 39 J eanB aptisteSimeon Chardin 0 Chose to paint intimate interior moments 0 Was held in low esteem by his contemporaries but his work is prized in modern times 0 Juxtaposes different colors to enliven areas and plays with light and dark backgrounds 0 Italy 39 Giovanni Battista Tiepolo 0 The supreme Venetian master of the period 0 Painted vast decorative ceiling frescoes 0 Illusionism is relative 0 Figures show a sense of immateriality 39 Canaletto 0 May have originally been a scene painter but was the leading veduta painter of the 18th century 0 Veduta characteristic scenes collected by visitors as remembrances like postcards I The Guardis 0 Venetian artists who did views of Venice for the tourist trade 0 Impossible to separate or identify their individual work 0 0 Brought a kind of fantasy and a lightness of touch I Pietro Longhi 0 Painted scenes of varied life in a picturesque manner I Rosalba Carriera 0 Had an international reputation I Considered by the French to be the greatest Italian painter of her time England I Hogarth 0 Helped develop a new style of painting 0 Narrative and satiric wit with humor and liveliness 0 Architecture and Interior Design 0 0 0 Limited space so there was little attempt to produce spectacular exteriors I Emphasis on interiors Aristocratic homes Hotels took decoration inspiration from Versailles Interior decorators emphasized light humor and the use of mirrors I Mirrors become a major element in Rococo design Only new form of building developed is the maison de plaisance retreat Germany I Baroque arrived very late and immediately combined with the new French Rococo I Powerful curves of the Baroque style assumed the colors of the Rococo style I A lot of ceiling painting but becomes light and airy I Principal architect is Balthasar Neumann England I The style finally caught up to Baroque 0 Only for a short time and not very successfully 0 Furniture 0 0 Everything was intended to match each other The most important motifs were scallop shells asymmetrical scrolls and curves strange animals masks and trophies and intertwined foliage Cabriole leg I The major furniture design innovation I Has elongated subtle curves England I Rococo ornamentation appears first in silver I Extensive use of Chinese patterning in wallpaper
Are you sure you want to buy this material for
You're already Subscribed!
Looks like you've already subscribed to StudySoup, you won't need to purchase another subscription to get this material. To access this material simply click 'View Full Document'