Week 3 Lecture Notes
Week 3 Lecture Notes 479
Popular in Power, Conflict, Violence, and the Family
Popular in Child and Family Studies
This 11 page Class Notes was uploaded by Joycelyn R. Hutton Jr. on Friday October 23, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to 479 at Syracuse University taught by A. Krishnakumar in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 25 views. For similar materials see Power, Conflict, Violence, and the Family in Child and Family Studies at Syracuse University.
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Date Created: 10/23/15
Hutton Joycelyn CFS 479 14 September 2015 Week 3 Notes Types of Domestic Violence 914 1 Types of Domestic Violence YouTube Video Types of Domestic Violence Research Evidence ved Michael P Johnson a Three main points i Deny the role of gender in IPV ii Attack the feminist perspective iii Attack entities for example attack Laws that protect women b Why are results diverse i There are more than one type of violence ii The different types are differently gendered iii Both major sampling plans are biased 0 Agency studies biased in the direction of coercive controlling violence that observes and researches violence primarily asserted by men 0 General Survey Research focuses on situational couple violence which is perpetrated equally by men and women 2 Is it true that in Situational Couple Violence violence in gender symmetrical a The complex answer is yes Although it happens at an equal rate levels of aggression and violence vary significantly 3 What different types of couple violence is there a Separated couple violence first time when the couple is separating very short lived typically minor Hutton Joycelyn CFS 479 14 September 2015 iv Conflicts turn to arguments that escalate Both men and men do this men more likely to injure and frighten Huge variability 40 only one incident but can involve chronic and severe violence variability based on anger issues communication issues substance abuse SES race differences however still the same across the board for SES and race Are willing to participate in research b Mutually Violent Control Two coercive individuals fighting for control c Incipient coercive control d Violent resistance iv Many victims respond with violence Not necessarily selfdefense sometimes can be retaliation In hetero relationships most violent resistors desist and turn to other tactics either to mitigate the violence or to escape Refuse survey research e Intimate terrorism coercive controlling violence one partner terrorizing the other to gain control of the relationship Violence may sometimes establish the control and terror may be used to maintain the control however the abusive partner will go to any length to retain control over the other Control tactics go back to review 4 Who are the Intimate Terrorists a Emotionally dependent IT Hutton Joycelyn CFS 479 14 September 2015 b Antisocial patterned IT Lecture 914 Partner Violence and Mental Health Outcomes in New Zealand 1 Why This study examines the prevalence and extent of domestic violence in a group of young adults 25 years old and the consequences of domestic violence and mental health outcomes for these young individuals Sample size 828 437women 391men interviewed about current or most recent relationship Results i 279 no victimization Group 1 ii 258 minor physical assault Group 2 iii 195 physical assault without injury or fear Group 3 iv 49 minor physical assault over 10 one severe incident v 47 physical assault over a quarter experienced fear 2 What were the key findings of the study a Domestic conflict was present in 70 of relationships with this conflict ranging from minor psychological abuse to severe assault Mainly speaking about form IT Men and women report and experience similar experiences of victimization and perpetration of DV women and men this is situational couple violence Exposure to DV was significantly related to increased risks of major depression Plt05 and suicidal ideation plt005 even after extensive control for covariates Hutton Joycelyn CFS 479 14 September 2015 3 Fergusson promotes that DV is more about Situational Violence and lacks recognition that DV is not gender symmetrical expect for in that specific category Mutual violence between men and women happen situationally a What did Johnson have to say about Fergusson i Work has its limitations Fergusson argue that there is a need to ask questions about perpetration and victimization they do not distinguish or measure it ii The Fergusson primarily studies victimization of DV not perpetration iii Measured the psychological aggression physical assault and sexual coercion NO measurement on control iv Fergusson lacks to study how often or severe but focused heavily on experiences v According to Johnson you have to experience 59 of the be IT less than 5 is SCV vi States that DV in 70 of relationships vii Study based on a general sample does not capture IT viii After reexamining the data Johnson concludes that only 17 involved any violence at all ix 25 involved violence that produced injury or fear x Also feels that Fergusson el at Are confused about violence b There are different types of violence and what is termed quotDVquot is gendered not addressed by Fergusson i Fergusson argues that quotwomen do it just as much as men however even SVC is asymmetric c Johnsons take on Fergusson i IT is primarily male perpetrated Hutton Joycelyn CFS 479 14 September 2015 ii vi vii viii 4 Take aways Those who say that there is gender symmetry are not looking at IT Traditional gender roles and misogyny contribute specifically to IT not SCV it is the way that men are socialized Women s violence towards men is mostly SCV and violent resistance We can t capture violent resistance by asking about selfdefense alone VR to a partners IT does not meet the legal definition of selfdefense Men don t have the same reactions women to fear so go see Fergusson suggests that men and women have to quotwork together to harmonize their relationship and Johnson believes this suggestion is ridiculous Also talks about how anger management helps with SCV versus IT a Errors in theory and in the study of violence lead to errors in intervention b The people they studied are probably dealing with SCV if that c Victims of IT run a serious risk by trying to work through problems Hutton Joycelyn 16 September 2015 CFS 379 Week 3 Notes Continued Femicide and the Feminist Perspective Taylor and Jasinski 2011 916 1 Femicide and the feminist perspective a Examine the patterns of homicide victimization Femicide b Femicide often the conclusion of a chronic abusive and threatening behavioral pattern by the male against his female partner c This abusive context as well as leaving or attempting to leave the relationship by female victim are often named as the most significant risk factors of Femicide 2 Stats a 33 of female murders done by IP only 3 males killed by IP b 7090 of IP homicides were in context of violent relationship c 5058 were separated from partner when killed d 2months 1 year is the most volatile time period for homicide 3 Theoretical and empirical explanations for observed trends a The feminist perspective i Patriarchy ii Structure of relationships in a male dominated culture power and gender iii Marriage and family promote violence maintain power and coercive control iv Violence is used to maintain control v Oppressive views of women are not only culturally sanctioned but also embedded in and expressed through all social institutions vi Submissiveness may be a necessary means to survival Hutton Joycelyn 16 September 2015 CFS 379 vii Risk for women increases when she threats to or leaves the relationship 4 Critiques of the feminist perspective Feson 20022006 7h DV is deviant but not sexist behavior as men commit most violence generally not just DV i Perhaps less violent in relationships than in general We should study why men do not victimization women more than they do rather than just focus on why they victimize them as much as they do He found that people were more willing to engage in violence with strangers than with family members He attributes the quotlowquot rates of partner violence against women to the chivalry shown to them by society and thus their partners He rejects the contention that women have less power and that men have more power in IP he states no research to support his claim he argues that people tend to choose partners who have similar characteristics as themselves violent people likely choose violent partners 5 Conflicting findings in his studies a On the one hand he states that female offenders are much more likely than male offenders to report abuse by a partner Women are much more likely than men to have been abused by their partner and other adults On the other hand he states that men not women who assault their partners are particularly likely to have experienced partner abuse Hutton Joycelyn 16 September 2015 CFS 379 d Female offenders are much less likely to have been abused by a partner than male offenders e Feminist scholarship has focused too much on severe violence and continual abuse 6 Gender inequality however does exist a Women do not abuse at rates equal to men women typically abuse for selfdefense and men for issues of control b Men cause much more injury higher frequency and severity than women who abuse their intimate partners c Sex ratio from male to female homicide 41 for all cities in the US 30 for whites and 92 for black d The burden of IPH intimate partner homicide is also a womencentered social problem e If the feminist perspective were to hold trueas improvements in women s status increase their access to opportunities and resources reducing the incidents should be more likely f Maybe gender equity will be a reality as women gain more power may be a risk because is threatens male dominance g Studies have indicated that by higher rates of Femicide in states with i More women in admin and management positions ii States high higher female unemployment larger differences in educational attainment labor force participation h Looking at gender race and class needs to be intersectional i Backlash hypothesis Hutton Joycelyn 16 September 2015 CFS 379 j White female homicide rategt in cities where white men and women were of similar socioeconomic class k Some researchers associate the term Femicide with sexual terrorism sexual perceptions Men believe they own their women particularly their sexuality and reproductive abilities m Jealousy and possessiveness and loss on control cited as most common reasons for Femicide 7 Alternative theories don t adequately explain IPH a Social disorganization theory certain groups of people certain populations are more prone to violence due to their communities and locations especially more disadvantaged populations b Social learning theory we do what we see c Family violence violence results from conflict in families d General violence violent offenders have characteristics that predisposes them to violence 8 Implications for policy a Mandatory arrest policies currently provide women w resources they need to leave b People may not know about resources c Need to train law enforcement d Need agencies to work collaboratively Hutton Joycelyn 16 September 2015 CFS 379 Strangulation in Intimate Relationships Thomas et al 2013 1 Stats a One in ten 116 million US Women has been strangled by an intimate partner b Strangulation typically leaves no external evidence may not appear for days C Is used as a way to immobilize silence and terrorize women 2 Details a Linked to coercive control i Marked by domination loss of autonomy entrapment ii Use of extremely violent tactics iii A dynamic process linking a demand with a credible threatened negative consequence for noncompliance 3 Strangulation as coercive control a Paired with verbal threats b Strong message I could kill you induces fear c Study sample and characteristics i All 17 experienced strangulation ii 1317 multiple times iii Go see ask d What are the triggers i Loss of control of partner i Jealousy iii Women wanted to leave Failure to comply with demands 2 e Partner statements when strangling their women Hutton Joycelyn 16 September 2015 CFS 379 i Threats death threats physical harm ii Accusations iii Direction to behave iv Actions to ensure compliance f Abusers reactions to the incident i Shock at his behavior ii Apologize but blame women iii Minimizing the incident iv Not acknowledging
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