Week 5 Lecture Notes
Week 5 Lecture Notes 479
Popular in Power, Conflict, Violence, and the Family
Popular in Child and Family Studies
This 11 page Class Notes was uploaded by Joycelyn R. Hutton Jr. on Friday October 23, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to 479 at Syracuse University taught by A. Krishnakumar in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 35 views. For similar materials see Power, Conflict, Violence, and the Family in Child and Family Studies at Syracuse University.
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Date Created: 10/23/15
Hutton Joycelyn 28 September 2015 CFS 479 Week 5 Notes Cyber Dating Abuse among Teens 1 What is teen dating violence a Teen dating violence all types of abuse physical psychological sexual emotional etc occurring between two teens who are dating in romantic relationships 2 What mediums does this occur most frequently a 3 Stats Cell phones online social networking sites Increased use of tech may contribute to someone s ability to stalk control harass and abuse their partners Less is known about the extent to which victimization and perpetration occurs via tech Understand go back and ask Lenhart et al 20011 799 youth 1217yrs 69 report appropriate use BUT i 20 report that youth are unkind to one another ii 88 of youth observed teens being mean cruel iii 15 victim in past 12 months Other concerns Juvonen and Gross 2008 data from 1454 youth ages 1217 72 at least one incident of online bullying Hutton Joycelyn 28 September 2015 CFS 479 i Overall 50 bullied by school mate j Increased use of internet make bullying more likely to reoocur 4 How do youth use the internethow do the use it to abuse their partners a Establishing relationships b Non aggressive communication c Arguing d Monitoring the whereabouts e Emotional aggression f Seeking help during a violent episode g Distancing partner s access to self not responding to calls etc h Reestablishing contact after a violent episode 5 What are some examples of cyber bullying a Hacking into partners website b Creating a hate website about their former partner 6 Picard 2007 How are youth are both victims and perpetrators of abuse through tech devices victims a 25 called names harassed or put down b 22 do something sexual c 19 spread rumors d 11 shared private or embarrassing pictures e 17 what partner may do if they did not respond to their partner f 10 being physically threatened by their partner 7 According to Cutbush et al 2012 2010 Hutton Joycelyn 28 September 2015 CFS 479 a b C Middle school 13 reported being a victim of electronic dating aggression nearly 15 reported being a perpetrator 9th grade 50 reported aggression while 13 reported being a perpetrator Females more likely to report electronic victimization than males 8 Dating abuse among teens a Past literature shows that both boys and girls report greater levels of victimization than perpetration Boys reports more physical victimization than girls Girls report more sexual victimization than boys Several studies show that adolescent dating violence to be reciprocal aggression is gender symmetric 3745 reported currently being in a dating relationship or having been in one during the prior year 52 female Majority White sample Medium to high income families 7th 12th grade youth 9 Cyber dating violence a Sexual cyber abuse items victimization and perpetration b Pressure for sexual nude pics C d Nonsexual cyber abuse items victimization and perpetration i Sending threatening text messages Physical dating violence Victimization and perpetration Hutton Joycelyn 28 September 2015 CFS 479 i Mild scratching and slapping ii Moderate kicking and hitting iii Severe choking e Psychological dating violence victimization and perpetration i Threatening behavior ii Monitoring behavior iii Personal insults iv Emotional manipulation f Sexual coercion victimization and perpetration i Being forced to have sex or do sexual things that a person does not want to do 10 What is the prevalence of online dating violence and abuse within relationships a See table from slides via Blackboard i Females experience higher levels of victimization with exception to physical violence b Significant overlap between reports of cyber dating violencego back and review 11 How does the cycle of victimization overlap between different forms of violence a See table 3 b Victims of sexual cyber dating abuse are significantly more likely than nonvictims of sexual cyber bullying to experience multiple forms of violence and victimization such as sexual coercion physical dating violence and psychological abuse c See table 4 d Victimization of nonsexual cyber dating abuse are significantly more likely than victims of non sexual cyber dating abuse go back and review Hutton Joycelyn 28 September 2015 CFS 479 12 What is the prevalence of perpetration of cyber abuse a Females are responsible for more perpetration with the exception of sexual coercion b See table from blackboard slides or text c Despite the fact that femalesgt males youth reported being victims cyber dating abuse and psychological dating abuse females were also more likely than males to report perpetrating violence d High degree of overlap between cyber dating abuse perpetration sex and nonsexual and other forms of dating violence perpetration e See tables 6 and 7 f Highest reciprocal acts physical and psychological amongst females g Cyber dating abuse common among youth h Fewer youth report perpetrating teen violence and abuse than being victim of it i Female youthgt victimization rates i Cyber dating abuse ii psych iii sexual coercion j males i go back and review k missed slide l femalesgt report engaging in both reciprocal and only perpetration abuse except sexual coercion almost exclusively victimized cyber dating abuse and sexual coercion m YouTube video katiecouric teen dating violence Hutton Joycelyn 30 September 2015 CFS 479 Week 5 Notes Continued IPV in Same Sex Relationships Straighten Up and Act like a Lady Walters 2011 Gender Role Implications on Same Sex Relationships Brown 2008 1 Sexual Orientation and Gender Identity Definitions a The LGBTQ community encompasses individuals who ID themselves as lesbian gay bi sexual transgender queer and so on b Sexual orientation is fluid for some perhaps women especially 2 Recent Stats on IPV sexual orientation CDC 25 Jan 2013 a See blackboard for statistics b Center for Disease Control c 410 gay men 47 bisexual men and 15 heterosexual men have experienced SV other than rape in their lifetime d See table on blackboard e IPV a major issue in the lives of men and women in heterosexual and samesex relationships third largest population facing gay men today after substance abuse and AIDS 3 Same Sex Partner Abuse a Limited studies on same sex partner abuse b Still fewer on IPV among homosexual males 4 Theoretical Issues a Much of the theorizing about IPV has been gendered numerous myths Hutton Joycelyn 30 September 2015 CFS 479 i Abuse perpetrated by males against females ii Socialization practices iii Victim blaming iv f abuse isn t physical not that bad v Role of substance use and IPV vi Working class problem vii Victim can leave relationship viii Some people ask for it 5 Similarities between same sex and heterosexual IPV a Equal rates perhaps higher similar to CDC 2013 b Similar psychological effects of abuse c Cycle of abuse intensifies as time passes issues of powercontrol social isolation etc 6 Differences between samesex and heterosexual IPV a Experiences of heterosexism shapes the reactions and views of society b Violence is mutual c Cannot seek help from others d Threats by the perpetrator can have consequences being outed isolation within same sex community e Living in a homophobic society shapes the reactions and views of society f Externalized and internalized homophobia g Compared to heterosexual couples greater levels of emotional abuse 7 Misunderstandings of samesex IPV due to a Genderrole socialization influences how we perceive IPV in samesex relationships Hutton Joycelyn 30 September 2015 CFS 479 b Problems identifying perpetrator and victim believe only females can be victims c Trivialize the seriousness of the situation d Belief that women aren t aggressive e Gay males cannot seek support seek support due to fear of being feminized 8 Theories on IPV in Same Sex Relationships a Disempowerment theory vi vii viii xi Individuals who feel inadequate and or lack selfefficiency are at a greater risk of using unconventional means of power assertion substance abuse and violence Oppressed and less valued status in a heterosexist society Minority stress theory cultural ascription of inferior status to particular groups Lesbians at a double risk of minority stress Lesbian women of color experience triple jeopardy Minority stress can come from multiple sources Harassment discrimination hate crimes violence maltreatment Disclosure internalized homophobia concealment stress of coming out Having to police your behaviors Stressors can take a toll on the relationship ID stressors can be helpful for intervention b See table via blackboard Meyer 2003 Minority stress unique chronic and societally based c Gender role socialization influences how we perceive IPV in samesex relationships Problems ID perpetrator and victim believe only females can be victims Hutton Joycelyn 30 September 2015 CFS479 ii Trivialize seriousness iii Belief that women aren t aggressive iv Males cannot seek support due to being feminized 9 Lesbian relationships background a Lesbians were marginalized by the women s rights movement focus on white middle class women b Feminist perspective on lesbian identity and community norms c Gendered response of heterosexual community d Heteronormative social institutions 10 Misunderstandings of IPV emerged a Only men were violent aggressive women not capable of violence b Girls don t hit emotionally driven not physical c Lesbian utopia lesbians protected from power violence that men exercise over women d Dismissal of violence between women as quotcatfightquot 11 Comparable to the rates of heterosexual violence a Inconsistent findings i 4168 some type of abuse 748 ii 90 experienced verbal abuse at some time in their life in 55796sexualassauh iv Poor quality of research studies 12 Types of lesbian IPV incidents a More verbal emotional and psychological abuse rather than physical abuse b Fear of and or the act of outing Hutton Joycelyn 30 September 2015 CFS 479 c Tailoring the abuse to their intimate partner s vulnerability 13 Occurs within a larger context of homophobia and heterosexism 14 History of violence a Male perpetrated violence in family origin made it difficult to see their lesbian relationship violence as violence witness and experience b Partners used history of abuse against them c Created problems with identifying accepting and escaping their abusive relationship 15 Misperceptions of female perpetrated violence a Social belief that not only men are violent seen as nothing more than a cat fight b Women believe these heteronormative societal norms and have a hard time seeing their partner go review c Lesbian relationships are thought of as more egalitarian d People do not take violence seriously leads to isolation lack of support 16 IPV in lesbian relationships similar to male perpetrated IPV a Emotional verbal stalking financial sexual b Combinations of multiple forms of abuse 17 Barriers to reporting a Gender role stereotypes same sex IPV not perceived as serious b Risk of coming out c Risk of discrimination d Lack of adequate support services e Cannot seek informal help because friends family didn t know they were gay f Don t have the same legal protection Hutton Joycelyn 30 September 2015 CFS 479 g Fear of shaming self and community 18 Implications for professionals a Address own biases b Educate self on LGBTQ issues c Have explicit policies and inclusive language d Be involved in activism e Identify LGBTQ friendly resources in community
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