Week 9 of Philosophy Notes
Week 9 of Philosophy Notes PHIL 1000 - 01
Popular in General Introduction to Philosophy
Popular in PHIL-Philosophy
PHIL 1000 - 01
verified elite notetaker
This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by William Bartek on Friday October 23, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to PHIL 1000 - 01 at University of Missouri - Columbia taught by Matthew McGrath in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 10 views. For similar materials see General Introduction to Philosophy in PHIL-Philosophy at University of Missouri - Columbia.
Reviews for Week 9 of Philosophy Notes
Report this Material
What is Karma?
Karma is the currency of StudySoup.
Date Created: 10/23/15
Philosophy 1000 Pascal s Wager Practical v Theoretical Reasons 0 A theoretical reason to believe a proposition is evidence that the proposition is true 0 A practical reason to believe a proposition is evidence that it s beneficial to believe the proposition Epistemic v Practical Rationality 0 Your belief is epistemic if it has strong theoretical reasons to make you believe something 0 Your belief is practically rational if you have strong practical reasons to believe something Pascal 0 Utilities Things we value 0 Actions Choices you have 0 States There s some ways the world has a bearing on outcomes of your actions 0 Game example 0 Your friend offers you to play a game They flip a coin if its heads you get a dollar and if its tails you lose two dollars Is it rational to play 0 Expected Utility weigh the outcomes of the states by the probability of the states 0 EU Playing 51 52 5 0 EU Not Playing 50 50 0 0 Better to not play because the EU is higher Expected Utility Theory of Rationality of Action 0 It s rational to do the act that has the highest EU 0 When an act has higher utility in every way it dominates the other acts Pascal Wagering for God 0 Uses matrices to prove believing in God has the best utility Infinite Bliss Status quo Misery Status quo 0 EU Wager p x 00 1pj 00 0 EU Don t Wager p x iltj 1pj Possible Obiections 0 Object to EU Theory of Rationality 0 Claim hypothesis that probability God exists is 0 0 Only actions can be practicallyjustified not beliefs 0 Deny validity of argument Many Gods Objection 0 Suppose a God who hates people who believe in him exists Is there a non0 probability of such a God William James Will to Believe o How can belief in God be reasonable 0 James assumes there s no decisive proof either that God does or doesn t exist Terminology o Hypothesis any proposition 0 Live vs Dead Hypothesis 0 Live hypothesis is a real possibility 0 Dead hypothesis is ruled out as impossible 0 Option A choice between hypotheses 0 Should I believe H1 or H2 An option may be Living or dead Forced or avoidable Momentous or trivial Genuine Option An option that s living forced and momentous S quotquot Some Preliminaries 0 We can t believe at will 0 Example Can you believe Lincoln never existed 0 Reason doesn t always determine belief there s a role for passion o Passion s Role To believe truth and shun error Genuine Options o Morality Either some things are right and others wrong vs believe nothing is right or wrong 0 Personal Relationships Either believe you like me or believe you don t 0 Social Actions Either believe others will do their part of the job or believe they won t Religious Option o Hypothesis The best things are the most eternal things and we ll be better off now if we believe this 0 James claims the religious option is genuine