Week 9 Lecture Notes
Week 9 Lecture Notes HIST 2030
Popular in Tennessee History
Popular in History
This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Maria Martinez on Friday October 23, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to HIST 2030 at Middle Tennessee State University taught by Derek W Frisby in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 21 views. For similar materials see Tennessee History in History at Middle Tennessee State University.
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Date Created: 10/23/15
Week 9 Lecture Notes History 2030 The Compromise of 1850 o The expansion of slavery is the issue not whether or not it is ethical or not 0 The North Western territory is one of the first crisis areas and leads to the Northwest Ordinance which stated that slaves could not be taken to this new territory 0 Slavery is expanded in the 1790s with Eli Whitney39s cotton gin and rising along with it the issue of labor 0 At this time Jackson and Calhoun have their famous confrontation in which Jackson called out Calhoun by saying quotTo the Union it must be preserved quot to which Calhoun replies quotTo the Union next to out liberty the most dearquot 0 Jackson is warning Calhoun that the Federal Government will do whatever necessary to preserve the Union from being destroyed so he had better stop the secret meetings to abolish the slavery issue 0 Calhoun39s rebuttal is ardent letting Jackson know that those who believed that freedom was above all including the Union were not going down without a fight 0 Also at this time Missouri wants to be a slave state and eventually is allowed as the Compromise of 1850 allows it making everything around it a free territory 0 In the 183039s the tariff arises as the formation of the abolitionist societies occur 0 The Abolitionists want slavery to end everywhere where the AntiSlavery mindset people just want to stop the expansion 0 The AntiSlavery the South believes that slavery is a necessary evil even going so far as trying to convince everyone that it was a positive good in which the slaves were treated 39greatly39 and increased their humanity 0 The North had free labor meaning the African Americans could work for wages but were ultimately free unlike the South believed and preferred slave labor 0 The majority of the South were AntiSlavery but did not want to compete with the North39s free labor Nashville Convention 0 President Andrew Jackson is approached by Texas to fight Mexico so they could join the Union but Jackson wants to avoid a civil war so instead he just annexes Texas 0 When James K Polk takes the Presidency after Jackson he invades Texas and begins the War with Mexico that will last two years but be a victory for Polk o In order to make Texas a slave state they wanted to be a slave state Polk buys Oregon declaring it a free state to balance out the number of states that were free states and slave states 0 When Polk buys Utah New Mexico and California the land was deserted 0 Gold is found in California resulting in the Gold Rush where the main gold was to mine and find the gold 0 California was able to become a state meeting the number of citizens requirement with ease due to the Gold Rush and this brings up the issue of making it a slave or a free state 0 A convention is called in Nashville to decide this matter 0 There is a lot of discussion but they come to not agreement and the civil war is avoided for the time being KansasNebraska Act of 1854 0 As gold is discovered the problem is how they get citizens and workers all the way to California 0 They reduce it down to two options either building the railroad pass around the mountains though the North or the South states 0 Illinois Chicago is a free state and does not want the railroad that they believe will carry slave workers run through their state so they threaten to get rid of the Compromise of the Missouri Line and make Nebraska and Kansas slave states 0 This allows them to reach a civil understanding get what they really want the gold 0 By this point the Whig party disintegrates giving Federalists the power 0 In 1860 the Democratic Party splits just before the Election and results in two democratic candidates a Republican and John Bell to run 0 It is in this year 1860 that the country is torn apart by secession Secession Winter Linfe 0 Tennessee is the first slavery state to not leave the Union 0 This begins a domino effect of North Carolina Arkansas and Virginia to reject leaving the union as well 0 South Carolina Georgia Florida leave the union but can39t become a nation 0 Sets off the Referendum of 1861 Fort Sumter South Carolina 0 Lincoln was AntiSlavery pulls Unionists from South Carolina which is very important because they hate Lincoln 0 Because South Carolina is the only state with the majority of population is a slaves they are radical about slavery o The Confederates attack Fort Sumter and Ischium Harris refuses to supply troops to help the Federal Government 0 Ischium goes on to go to extraordinary measures to join the Confederacy staging a Coup de tas and bringing troops in to terrorize unionists to vote to join the Confederacy 0 After fraud violence and intimidation Harris makes it so that Tennessee joins the Confederacy Civil War Strategy and Tactics 0 There are essentially 3 components to the Civil War 0 1 Strategy 0 2 Tactics 0 3 Logistics I The ability to move people and places from where they are to where they need to be I Important to the Civil War because the war is fought in a certain style with very inaccurate weapons that requires a certain amount of logic to succeed in I Necessary because there are a lot of aspects of this war that need to be figured out starting with how to feed and maintain their soldiers from what form of transportation was going to work better overall I Roads were not convenient to travel steam boats were too difficult to steer so railroads were the best option I The 4 R39s Rivers Railroads Resources and Reconstruction
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