Death and Motivation
Death and Motivation PY 105
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Erica Kugler on Friday October 23, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to PY 105 at University of Alabama - Tuscaloosa taught by Stephen Groff in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 41 views. For similar materials see Honors Intro Psychology in Psychlogy at University of Alabama - Tuscaloosa.
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Date Created: 10/23/15
Death and Motivation Death 0 KublerRoss 5 stages of death denial anger bargaining depression and acceptance 0 Denial gt refuse to accept reality of a diagnosis Anger gt why me Bargaining gt if religious then maybe say to God spare me and I will act better Depression gt sad lonely hopeless Acceptance gt get things will money etc in order prepare for coming death 0000 Motivation 0 Eating Disorders 0 Anorexia nervosa gt selfinduced starvation to avoid weight gain I Diagnostic criteria must meet all requirements to qualify as anorexia 0 Body weight is below 15 for weightheight ratio 0 Fear of gaining weight 0 Voluntary starvation 0 Feeling fat even when emaciated 0 Being emaciated and still wanting to lose weight 0 Missing at least 3 consecutive menstrual cycles 0 Bulimia gt bingepurge cycle I Diagnostic criteria must meet all requirements to qualify as bulimia 0 Episodes of food binges o Binge eat a lot of high calorie food in a short amount of time 0 Feel out of control during binges o Binges occur at least twice weekly for 5 months 0 Fear of weight gain 0 Depressionguilt after binges o Fuels bingepurge cycle I Feel guilty after binging so purge as way to relive guilt and feel depressed for purging so engage in another binge to feel happy again Usually at a normal weight not emaciated like anorexia 0 quothiddenquot eating disorder 0 Motivation internal process that activates and maintains our behavior 0 Intrinsic motivation motivation to perform an activity because of its value or pleasure rather than its external goal or purpose I Ex you play on a sports team because you enjoy that sport and the friendship bonds your form 0 Extrinsic motivation motivation to perform an activity because of its external goals I Ex you work in order to get a paycheck 0 Drive Theory When our needs are not met we feel deprived so a state of unpleasantness exists We are then driven to engage in some action to reduce the unpleasant feeHng Drive internal psychological state that creates arousal to motivate an organism to satisfy a need need anything that is in deficiency Incentive external objects that motivate behavior Goal return the body to a state of homeostasis o Homeostasis steady state of the body 0 Freud pleasure principle gt people are driven to seek pleasure and avoid pain 0 Arousal Theory Seek optimal level of performance at achieve arousal o quotoptimal level is subjective and varies from person to person 0 YerkesDodson Principle Looks at the relationship between arousal and performance 0 Preoptimal level arousal increases as performance is conducted 0 At optimal level performance and arousal are at their peak 0 Postoptimal level arousal decreases as performance continues Graphically this looks like a bell shaped curve with arousal on the yaxis and performance on the yaxis 0 Optimal level is at the top peak of the curve 0 To left of optimal level point shows that as performance moves rightward ie as performance is conducted arousal increases 0 To right of optimal level point shows that as performing moves rightward ie as performance continues arousal decreases o Expectancy behavior behavior elicited by the expectation of a positive outcome Ex study hard and expect to get good grades 0 InternalExternal Locus of Control Internal attribute some behavior to yourself and your abilities o Usual done wsuccesses as you want to claim responsibility for the success External attribute some behavior to something external of you 0 Usually done with failures as you want to blame the failure on someone else and not yourself 0 Marlow s Hierarchy of Needs 0 Abraham Marlow Humanistic psychology gt views people as striving toward personal fulfillment o Hierarchy of needs pyramidshape gt base needs that need to be met first PhysiologicalBasic needs gt food water sleep breathing Safety needs gt shelter health security Lovebelonging gt friends family love relationships Esteem gt selfesteem confidence respect Selfactualization morality creativity spontaneity problem solving 0 Level where a person achieves his or her dreams and goals base of pyramid o Selfactualization level of personal growth 0 Can only be achieved by first fulfilling one s biological needs feeling safe and secure feeling loved and having a good opinion of yourself I Goal movement from bottom to top of pyramid of needs 0 quotbe all you can be
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