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Mexican-American War

by: Erica Kugler

Mexican-American War HY 325-001

Erica Kugler
GPA 4.0
US World Power to 1898
Dr. Steinbock-Pratt

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Notes over the Mexican-American War
US World Power to 1898
Dr. Steinbock-Pratt
Class Notes
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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Erica Kugler on Friday October 23, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to HY 325-001 at University of Alabama - Tuscaloosa taught by Dr. Steinbock-Pratt in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 32 views. For similar materials see US World Power to 1898 in History at University of Alabama - Tuscaloosa.


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Date Created: 10/23/15
MexicanAmerican War 0 War was spurred by the idea of quotManifest Destiny and expansion to the Pacific 0 Post war issue slavery gt should the newly acquired western land be free or slave PreWar o AdamsOnis Treaty gt Spain ceded Florida Territory to the US 0 Mexico gained its independence from Spain in 1821 0 Northern provinces in independent Mexico sparsely populated little government control 0 Population was mostly made up of Native Americans I Natives called quotWild Indians gt not under authority anyone s authority 0 Rest of independent Mexico populated by soldiers Mexicans Spaniards missionaries Natives 0 Santa Fe Trail connected Independence MO and Santa Fe NM 0 Main trade network of the west till the rise of the railroad system 0 Connected the Northern provinces of independent Mexico more closely with the US than with Mexico 0 1834 Mexico urged Mexicans and foreigners ie Americas to settle in California 0 Rise of cattle ranching class called quotCaliforniosquot 0 Names for different social groups in Mexico 0 Tejano Mexican living in Texas territory 0 Comanche main Native tribe I Comacheria area of land mostly occupied by the Comanche located in present day New Mexico 0 Mexican government began to encourage settlement in the Texas territory to increase the population of the Northern provinces so that the government could exert more direct control over those areas 0 Moses Austin received a land and settlement grant from the Mexican government 0 Moses died but his son Stephen F Austin took over and helped bring Americans over to the Texas territory region 0 Americans were mostly southern farmers and they brought their slaves with them 0 Americans settled in Texas as a new start in life gt cheap land escape debtors prison 0 American population in Texas began to outpace and outnumber that of the Tejanos o 1829 Mexican government outlawed slavery 0 But American settlers continued to bring their slaves o 1830 Mexican government became worried about the growing American presence in Texas 0 Decided to nullify land contracts granted to Americans 0 Barred further American migration to Texas 0 Stephen Austin led the movement for Texas autonomy from the Mexican government 0 Government countered by trying to exert more centralized control over the region 0 1835 Santa Ana in charge of Mexico gt sent the army into Texas to regain central control 0 Caused resentment by the residents led to revolts o Culminated in the Texas Revolution 0 Texas Revolution 0 Fought by Tejanos and Americans against Mexicans 0 Battle of the Alamo March 3 1836 I Santa Ana vs Sam Houston gt Santa Ana won I Those killed at the Alamo became martyrs for Texas independence 0 quotRemember the Alamo 0 Battle of San Jacinto gt Santa Ana captured and forced to accept Texas independence 0 1836 Sam Houston elected as Texas first president 0 Pushed for annexation by the United States 0 Annexation of Texas was delayed in the US due to the issue of slavery and the potential to disrupt the Congressional balanceofpower among free and slave states 0 President Martin Van Buren portrayed the reason for delaying annexation as a way to avoid another war with Mexico ie try to downplay the issue of slavery o 1840 election Van Buren loses Democratic nomination to James K Polk who was elected 0 Polk o proexpansion proManifest Destiny 0 Oregon border dispute with Great Britain and Canada gt 54 40 or Fight I Settled at 49th parallel avoided war 0 Able to get a jointresolution in Congress for the annexation of Texas 0 Issue of annexation where was TexasMexico border to be established at I Mexico claimed the Rio Nueces I US claimed the Rio Grande south of the Rio Nueces I 1846 began military preparation to protect the border 0 Fatal fighting between Mexican and American troops at the Rio Grande leads Polk to declare war on Mexico gt MexicanAmerican War MexicanAmerican War 0 1st war for US that was fought mostly on foreign land 0 1st war where the US was able to capture its enemy s capital city 0 War was popular due to expansion fervor and idea of Manifest Destiny 0 Antiwar group was a minority gt argued against the war and expansion because of slavery o Antiwar people Henry David Thoreau Abraham Lincoln 0 Whig Party was critical of Polk s claim of invasion by Mexico 0 3 front war 0 California I General John C Freemont gt captured CA and declared it a Republic 0 Santa Fe Trail 0 Central Mexico I General Taylor defeat Santa Ana at Battle of Buena Vista I US victory at Veracruz I General Scott captured Mexico City and effectively ended the war o Treaty of GuadalupeHidalgo 0 Mexican Cession gt Mexico ceded large land chunk in SW region to US for 15 million I Provisions of the Cession o Mexicans in the ceded land where to be made US citizens immediately 0 Essentially granted legal whiteness upon those Mexicans 0 US had to prevent incursions from Western land against Mexico 0 Gadsden Purchase 0 Added more land in the SW to the United States PostWar Legacies 0 California Gold Rush in 1849 gt led to increase in western population decimation of Native pop 0 Slavery 0 Question of whether the newly acquired land should be free or slave I Issue how to not upset the Congressional representation balanceofpower among free and slave states 0 WilmotProviso 1846 no slavery in the new western land failed to be passed 0 California tried to apply the Compromise of 1850 win land I Main provision to focus on was that slavery was to be decided by popular sovereignty public voting 0 Popular memory of the war 0 Remembered as a Texan only revolution gt idealized war of Texans and Americans fighting savage Mexicans o Erasure of Tejanos contribution in the war I Tejanos were forced off their land 0 Ex Juan Segin gt mayor of San Antonio was forced to flee the city as Texans saw him as too Mexican and Mexicans saw him as too American 0 Mythic memory of the Alamo o Alamo defenders immortalized as martyrs 0 Death of Davy Crockett American folklore war hero western frontiersman 0 Reality Alamo was a Spanish mission fort over exaggeration of the battle over exaggerated during the MA War as propaganda to get people to gain the Texas side and fight the Mexicans Key Words 0 Manifest Destiny 0 Santa Fe Trail 0 Californios o Tejanos o Comacheria 0 Moses Austin Texas Revolution Stephen F Austin Antonio Lope de Santa Ana The Alamo Battle of San Jacinto Sam Houston Martin Van Buren James K Polk Zachary Taylor John C Fremont Treaty of GuadalupeHidalgo Mexican Cession Gadsden Purchase


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