Week 8 Lecture notes - American National Government
Week 8 Lecture notes - American National Government PSCI 101 - 02
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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Nkechi Nnachetta on Friday October 23, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to PSCI 101 - 02 at University of Indianapolis taught by Laura Merrifield Albright in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 20 views. For similar materials see American National Government in Political Science at University of Indianapolis.
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Date Created: 10/23/15
PSCI 101 American National Government Dr Laura Albright Week VIII Public Opinion Public opinion refers to how people think or feel about political issues leaders institutions events etc It is a combination of knowledge and interest Government policies in particular are not as responsive to public opinion as we may believe This is because 0 The lack of responsiveness protects the policies from the passions of the people 0 Public opinion is difficult to gauge What is public opinion Most citizens are ignorant and apathetic about public policy yet they use limited information to figure out what partiescandidatesissues re ect their interests This can be explained by the concept of cognitive shortcuts How polling works Accurate polling requires 0 Wording questions without bias or priming o Posing comprehensible questions 0 A random sample in a truly random sample anybody has the same chance to be picked as anyone else Random sample selecting from a population in which everyone has an equal probability of being selected Sampling error the difference between the results of random samples taken at the same time How opinions differ Opinion saliency this refers to how much an issue matters at a particular point in time Opinion stability this is how steady an opinion is on an issue over time Opinion congruence refers to how similar government policy is relative to popular views How do we form our opinions Political socialization process through which background traits in uence one s political views Agents of political socialization 0 Family 0 Schools 0 Religious institutions Note Since the 1950s party ID has declined There are now more independents Political ideology Political ideology can be defined as a consistent set of beliefs about the policies government should pursue It is measured by 0 Selfidentification 0 Consistent policy preferences over time Determining ideology is difficult for many Americans This is because of the following o It is rarely organized in a cohesive manner 0 Polls are limited in gauging ideologies 0 Undesirable selfids hidden in the no answer option Mass ideologies a typology 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 6 Where lSocialist 2Liberal 3Moderate 4True moderate 5 Moderate 6Conservative 7Conservative Past 7Fascist What in uences public opinion There is a number of crosscutting political cleavages based on 0 Gender 0 Raceethnicity 0 Religion Gender Gender gap this is the difference in political views between women and men 19201980 men vote more than women in the US 19802012 women vote more than men gt It should however be noted that women are a larger percentage of the population Women tend to lean Democrat while men tend to lean Republican Race Ethnicity AfricanAmericans tend to be overwhelmingly Democrat The younger ones are however more likely to identify with Republicans than the older ones Latinos vary 0 MexicanAmericans usually Democrat 0 CubanAmericans usually Republican 0 Puerto RicanAmerican in between Religion Religious tradition is a part of the socialization process Religiosity is the measure of how religious one is It can be measured in the following ways 0 Frequency of attending services 0 Frequency of individual prayer 0 Belief in Godhigher power Out of these 3 frequency of attending serVices is considered the most important The in uence of religion can vary based on 0 Type of religiondenomination 0 Age of the individual 0 Family in uence
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