PHIL 241 Non-reductive Materialism
PHIL 241 Non-reductive Materialism PHIL 241
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This 1 page Class Notes was uploaded by Taylor Russell on Thursday March 24, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to PHIL 241 at University of Arizona taught by William Leonard in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 64 views. For similar materials see Consciousness and Cognition in PHIL-Philosophy at University of Arizona.
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Date Created: 03/24/16
Non-Reductive Materialism 3/22 Discussion about views: Behaviorism o to this point it is unable to explain mental state concepts, if so the analysis itself is circular an inoperable Reductive Materialism o Most recent, also known as identity theory o Mental states are identical to neural states Pain is identical to c fiber firing o Benefits of behaviorism and avoids cost of dualism Avoids analytical objection, not obvious that introspective content goes beyond reductive materialism Explanatory benefit o Arguments The species chauvinism objection Brain states may not actually be identical to neural states This is evidence to repudiate reductive materialism Explanatory of why people gave up on reductive materialism Two things can be in the same mental state, but not be in the same physical state Multiple realizablility of species chauvinism, therefore reductive materialism is false What is a state vs the mind? o Odd creatures/ aliens o Non- reductive materialism asserts that “mental states aren’t material states at all” o What is a hammer? 1. If theory 1 is true, hammers are t shaped and made of steel 2. BUT hammer could be made of iron 3. Therefore it is false o This concept is multiple realizablility, if we generalize our definition of hammer we are being non-reductive materialists about hammers State of computing a sum o Different systems can have the state of computing the sum o Different materials can make an object that computes a sum