HIST 150 week 9 notes
HIST 150 week 9 notes HIST 150
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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Jessica_Kline on Saturday October 24, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to HIST 150 at Ball State University taught by Abel Alves in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 64 views. For similar materials see History in the Western World in History at Ball State University.
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Date Created: 10/24/15
HIST 150 Week 9 notes 1020 amp 1022 Still IslamFall of the Caliphate c The Crusades were fought by Christians to take back Jerusalem 1 Europe was in the system of Feudalism at this point where there were many peasants who were just trying to survive by working for a count duke who gave them protection with his knights The hierarchy was Pope King Duke Count Knight peasant 2 In Constantinople the emperor argued that he was the head of the church rather than the bishops and patriarchs 3 The Western Church declares the Eastern Church heretics and the Eastern Church declares the Western Church heretics 4 The First Crusade was when Pope Urban II convinced Emperor AleXius Comneus of the Byzantine Empire to ght to get Jerusalem back for the Church he just wanted to expand his empire though soldiers were offered indulgences if they fought and land if they won once they got to Jerusalem it was just a huge slaughter of anyone whom the soldiers wanted to kill 5 Saladin the commander of the Islam army took back Jerusalem without the slaughter some that fought against him were the knights templar a group of priest warriors 6 The Third Crusade was fought by Richard the Lion Hearted English king Fredrick Barbarossa Roman Emperor and Philip Augustus French king under threat of excommunication from the Pope Fredrick was the head of the three but died on the way to Jerusalem Philip goes home because there is no leader and they both want to lead since they39re both kings Richard stays until he works out a peace treaty with Saladin that allows Christians to worship at the holy sites in Jerusalem 7 During the Fourth Crusade the Republic of Venice had good ports and was good at glass making convinced the crusaders that it was easier to ght heretics than Muslims so they went to Constantinople to convert them to Western Christianity which was a success they also wanted the Greek re which was sulfur based silk fur and the trade routes d The Mongols were a tribe from Mongolia who were pastoral nomads who lived in circular tents on carts that they could live in while they were moving 1 Women were allowed to speak in council but weren t allowed to vote tend herds and could hunt and battle as archers 2 Temusin was abused by everyone for his grandfather s ideas so he ran away when he was old enough to people who agreed with his grandfather and he ruled them and took over many tribes this was Genghis Khan Genghis Khan was able to unite the tribes once he took over them all and he was then named Kurilta or supreme leader he was also SUPER brutal on and off the battle eld He entered China and was able to control North China which allowed him to take over and protect merchants on the silk road which made them happy He was very open minded to religions and many religious ideas were brought into his tent 3 Genghis s third son Ogedei was made the next Khan 4 Batu Khan was able to take Russia with his army the Golden Horde and especially their main trading city Kiev 5 Hulegu Khan sacked Baghdad destroys most of the population and executes the Caliph but he was stopped before he could reach Egypt and Jerusalem by Baibars the Mameluke a Turk who had many of the same battle eld techniques 6 Kublai Khan grandson of Genghis was able to take South China by using gunpowder on the battle eld his main advisor was his wife 7 The rst real competition the Mongols had was from the Ottoman Turks who had been using gunpowder had an elite military by starting out their soldiers as babies taken from or given away by their families which allowed Mehmet the Conqueror to conquer Constantinople with canons Early Modern Transitions 1 Mini Ice Age the Temperature dropped on average in the Northern Hemisphere about 1 degree Celsius a This caused the Thames River to freeze over b There was less wheat that was able to grow which resulted in less bread women would riot and steal bread to feed their families c This even caused people to want to nd someone to blame for the bad harvest so they started accusing people 7 580 were women most poor of being witches II The Black Death killed 7 5100 million people in the span of two years a It was from bacterium called Yersinia pestis that was started in China and moved along the Silk Road on eas on black rats b Once people started thinking that diseases spread through the air they started cleaning up the streets which were places where rats and their eas lived c The massive amount of deaths caused there to be less workers but nearly the same amount of demand for goods 1 Workers could demand higher pay which resulted in better wages and kings demanding taxes which allowed kings to then afford armies rendering the counts dukes and knights fairly useless III The Ottomans had a large empire as far north as Austria and Germany a They were in uenced a lot by Su Muslims so they had a high religious tolerance b Renaissance ItalyVenice bought from and sold to the Turks IV China began the Ming dynasty under the second peasant ruler with the highest standard of living at the time a He commissioned a man named Zheng He a Muslim to go on seven voyages to explore 1 He was a court eunuch who were in opposition with the Confucianists in the court 2 He was able to eliminate pirates in the South China Sea 3 He visited Africa and brought back giraffes zebras and other foreign animals but the voyages got too eXpensive so he stopped 4 He also went to Mecca on one of his voyages since he was able to do so