Week 4 Reading notes - Anthro 161
Week 4 Reading notes - Anthro 161 ANTH 161
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Janiel Celeena Santos on Saturday October 24, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to ANTH 161 at University of Oregon taught by Baxter D in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 15 views. For similar materials see World Cultures >2 >IC in anthropology, evolution, sphr at University of Oregon.
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Date Created: 10/24/15
Anthro 1 61 October 20 2015 Globalization 0 Economic integration of the world Manufactured goods food stuffs raw materials labor and technical services marketed worldwide 0 Goodsproducts food music Money stocks currency Ideas People Technology 0000 ExchangesInteractivitv De ned by exchanges that happen across the globe Some countries have bene ted economically while the majority have grown poorer Interdependence of economies Global Economy 0 Global production owned by giant transnational corporations 0 To increase pro t established factories in new industrial locales Why to pay lower labor costs have less environmental regulations and avoid taxes Central Results incorporation of millions of new workers into factories workshops and home piecework Issue of dependence 0 Massive disruptionschanges to societies families individual United Nations Report Staggering levels of global inequality in household wealth World society characterized by extreme concentrations of wealth in the hands of the richest sections of the population with the position of much of the remainder ranging from general economic insecurity to dire poverty Top 1 of the worlds adult population own 40 of worlds39 wealth Top2 owns over 50 of worlds wealth Top 10 percent owns 85 world wealth Bottom half of the world39s adult population owns 1 Mexico and NAFTA To increase jobs and exports End farm subsidies in Mexico but continuing farm subsidies in the US 0 US corngrain ooded Mexican market bankrupting one million farmers Approx 85 of rural labor went from poor to destitute migration to cities and to the quotnorthquot Maduiladoras More than 4000 US owned multinational corporations known as maquiladoras are physically located on the USMexican border As of 2000 about one million individuals children and women ranging from 1535 work in the sweatshops Workers work weekly averages of 2535 and under unsafe and Outsourcing in US Good for large businesses Increases pro ts Very often bad for workers 20012013 loss of 28 million jobs in the US Where Am I Wearino Themes Disconnect between producers and consumers of clothes The unrecognized interrelationships between them Lack of choices among majority of people in periphery countries due to poverty The harsh labor practices and very low wages in many offshore countries The effects on factory employees in the US due to off shoring and out sourcing The effects on families as members move to cities to work in factories and the cultural changes that follow Suggests that many workers who produce goods even given low payharsh working and living conditions want to keep the jobs Workers want to see fairer labor practices and increased pay Not all offshore countries are equivalent in their labor practices Some hae regulations allow unions and generally are more workerfriendly than are other countries There are ways to make our purchases more in line with out concerns about factory conditions offshoring etc timmerman makes several suggestions at the end of the book
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